JITSUKAWA ENJAKU I

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Enjaku I
Onoe Baik˘
Nakamura Enjaku
Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I
Jitsukawa Enji

Guilds: Kawachiya, Izutsuya, Otowaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Sh˘gan, Sensha, Baishi

Existence: 1831 ~ 18 September 1885

Connections:

Masters: Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II, Nakamura Shikan IV

Adoptive father: Onoe Kikugor˘ IV

Son: Jitsukawa Enjaku II

grandsons: Jitsukawa Enjaku III

Adopted son: Jitsukawa Enjir˘ II

Disciples: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, Jitsukawa Sh˘ch˘, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ IV, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ V, Jitsukawa Shinshir˘

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

1831: born in ďsaka in the district of the D˘tonbori river. Son of a carpenter, he is adopted at the age of 3 by Kawachiya Sh˘bei, the owner of the Kawachiya shibai jaya located within the Chikugo no Shibai.

1838: he starts his career as a disciple of the actor Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I, who gives him the name of Jitsukawa Enji in 1840.

1841: Enji stops acting for a few years.

1844: he is back on stage and receives the name of Jitsukawa Enjir˘.

1854: quarrel with Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I. He leaves the Jitsukawa clan and becomes a travelling actor, nicknamed "Hadaka no Enji" ("Enji the naked").

10th lunar month of 1856: he settles in Edo and becomes disciple of Nakamura Fukusuke I, who gives him the name of Nakamura Enjaku.

1st lunar month of 1859: he is adopted by Onoe Kikugor˘ IV and receives the name of Onoe Baik˘.

1861: he goes back to ďsaka.

1862: his master Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I forgives him and he is reintegrated in the Jitsukawa clan.

3rd lunar month of 1863: he takes the name of Jitsukawa Enjaku I. Enjaku is in fact an haimy˘ used by both Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1866: Enjaku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Tokubŕ and Sabu are played by Nakamura Komanosuke V and Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1868: Enjaku plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the "Sodehagi Saimon" scene of the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara". His stage partners are Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Sodehagi), Arashi Hinasuke VII (Abe no Sadat˘) and Nakamura Kanjaku III (Hachiman Tar˘).

11th lunar month of 1868: Enjaku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the "Sodehagi Saimon" scene of the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara" (same casting as the ďsaka performance).

1872: Enjaku becomes zagashira at the Chikugoza.

1st lunar month of 1872: Enjaku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Hanzawa Rokur˘ in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners are ďtani Tomoemon V (Akoya), Arashi Hinasuke VII (Shigetada) and Arashi Rikan IV (Iwanaga).

5th lunar month of 1872: Enjaku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Tokubŕ and Sabu are played by ďtani Tomoemon V and Nakamura Shichigasuke.

October 1881: premiere at the Ebisuza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara Shorei no Oku no Te"; Enjaku plays the roles of Okada Ry˘suke and Ogasawara T˘t˘mi-no-Kami [casting].

May 1883: Enjaku plays at the Ebisuza (ďsaka) the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Hyogogashima". His stage partners are Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Chidori), Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ III (Tanzaemon), Arashi Rish˘ II (Naritsune) and Ichikawa Aragor˘ III (Senoo Tar˘).

October 1884: Enjaku plays at the Ebisuza (ďsaka) the roles of Yasuke and K˘emon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Iori), Nakamura Ganjir˘ I (Genjir˘), Arashi Rikan IV (Motoemon) and Ichikawa Aragor˘ III (T˘ma).

January 1885: Enjaku appears on stage for the last time, at the Ebisuza (ďsaka), where he plays the role of Tokugawa Yoshinobu in the drama "Shima Chidori Nami no Konohana".

Comments:

Jitsukawa Enjaku I was a small man and his voice was not very good but he overcame it to become one of the most famous Kamigata tachiyaku actors of the Meiji era (along with Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Arashi Rikan IV) and the founder of a great line of actors. His field of excellence was wagoto. He suffered a lot in his latter years because of lead poisoning, which crippled the use of his arms, but he kept on acting.

Jitsukawa Enjaku I's best roles: Kamiya Jihŕ ("Shinjű Ten no Amijima"), Kanaya Kingor˘ ("Kosan Kingor˘), Kan˘ Shirojir˘ ("Chichi Morai") and Sanigoroshichi ("Kari no Tayori").

Jitsukawa Enjaku I playing the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged in the 5th lunar month of 1872 in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai (print made by Nakai Yoshitaki)

Print made by Utagawa Hironobu in 1866

Print made by Hasegawa Munehiro in 1867

The Jitsukawa Enjaku line of actors

 
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