NAKAMURA SHIKAN IV

Stage names:

Nakamura Shikan IV In Japanese
Nakamura Fukusuke I In Japanese
Nakamura Masanosuke I In Japanese
Nakamura Komasabur˘ In Japanese
Nakamura Tamatar˘ I In Japanese

Guild: Narikomaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Existence: 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month of 1831 ~ 16 January 1899

Connections:

Father: Nakamura Tomishir˘

Brother: Nakamura Fukusuke II

Adoptive father: Nakamura Utaemon IV

Adopted sons: Nakamura Utaemon V, Nakamura Fukusuke III

Disciples: Nakamura Kansuke II, Nakamura Kan'emon I

Career:

1831 ~ 1838: born in ďsaka. He is the son of Nakamura Tomishir˘, first a disciple of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II then a theater t˘dori. He starts his career at an early age and plays under the names of Nakamura Tamatar˘ I, Nakamura Komasabur˘ and Nakamura Masanosuke I.

1838: he is adopted by Nakamura Utaemon IV and they go together to Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1839: he takes the name of Nakamura Fukusuke I at the Nakamuraza, playing in the hengemono "Hana Goyomi Iro no Showake".

4th lunar month of 1839: Fukusuke plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Koben in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi".

1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which is staged within the new year drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Fukusuke is one of the seven dancers [more details].

7th lunar month of 1847: Fukusuke plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of Ise no Sabur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

12th lunar month of 1849: Nakamura Utaemon IV and Fukusuke settle in ďsaka.

2nd lunar month of 1852: his adoptive father Nakamura Utaemon IV dies; Fukusuke goes back to Edo.

7th lunar month of 1852: Fukusuke plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Kotar˘ Nobuyuki in the drama "Meiyo Ninseiroku". He also plays the 5 roles of the hengemono "Aki mo Mada Mebae".

9th lunar month of 1852: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Fukusuke plays the role of Shuntokumaru [casting].

5th lunar month of 1853: Fukusuke plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1856: tour in Ise.

9th lunar month of 1856: Fukusuke goes back to Edo and achieves a great success at the Nakamuraza, playing the leading roles of the 6-roles hengemono "Ise Meisho Wazato Iezuto".

5th lunar month of 1857: Fukusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of otoku is played by Ichikawa Danz˘ VI.

1st lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based sanbas˘mono "Kotobuki Shiki Sanba"; Fukusuke plays the role of Sanbas˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1859: Fukusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Z˘ho Natsu Matsuri Otoko Kagami". His stage partners in the roles of Tokubŕ, Sabu and Otatsu are Ichikawa Kuz˘ III, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI and Arashi Hinasuke VII.

7th lunar month of 1860: Nakamura Fukusuke I takes the name of Nakamura Shikan IV at the Nakamuraza, where he plays the roles of Shihei and Sh˘getsuni in the drama "Tenmangű Megumi no Kamimagaki" and Sanbas˘ in the dance "Na mo Kaete Shosa no Mitsugumi", and at the Moritaza, where he plays the roles of Gotohei in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘".

2nd lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Chigiru Koi Haru no Awa Mochi"; Shikan plays the role of an awa mochi maker [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Shikan plays the role of Nang˘ Rikimaru [casting].

4th lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Otomi"); Shikan plays the role of Genzaemon [casting]. He also plays the role of Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Sawamura Tossh˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1871: Shikan plays the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Kajiwara Kagetoki and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is coproduced by both the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Shikan plays the roles of Matsugae Tetsunosuke, Kido Kahei and ďe Hiromoto [casting].

March 1880: tour in Miyajima; Shikan plays the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘".

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono"; Shikan plays the role of Lord Nait˘ Kii-no-Kami Nobumasa [casting].

November 1885: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Funa Benkei"; Shikan plays the role of the captain of the boat Mihodayű [casting].

February 1886: Shikan plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". His stage partners are Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Chidori), Kataoka Gad˘ III (Tanzaemon Motoyasu) and Seki Sanjűr˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).

May 1886: Shikan plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

October 1887: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's matsubamemono "Momijigari"; Shikan plays the role of the Mountain God [casting].

May 1888: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame"; Shikan plays the role of Hy˘goya Seibŕ [casting].

September 1889: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kumo no Ito Oyozume Banashi"; Shikan plays several roles, including the Spirit of the Spider (kumo no sei) and Hirai Yasumasa [more details].

October 1895: Shikan plays at the Asakusaza the role of Gotohei in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ennosuke I (Izumi Sabur˘) and Nakamura Shikaku I (Yoshitsune).

February 1896: Shikan plays at the Miyakoza the role of Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Ichikawa Kuz˘ III.

October 1898: Shikan plays at the Engiza the role of Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

Comments:

Nakamura Shikan IV was a great Meiji actor, who achieved fame for himself all over Japan (he toured a lot). He was equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas, able to play almost any kind of role as tachiyaku, katakiyaku or even onnagata. He created many kata and some of them are still sometimes revived, like the ones for the role of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

His rivalry with Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V was one of the hottest in Kabuki history: "So nearly matched in ability were Shikan and Hikosabur˘, with but two years' difference in their ages, that they were pitted against each other, and their patrons often indulged in fights over them. During a performance, when these actors were playing together, they came through the audience by way of the two hanamichi, the one to the right of the stage a mere footpath, that to the left a platform that was in reality a continuation of the stage proper. They quarrelled as to who should take the main hanamichi, and the dispute waxed so hot that they finally drew lots to settle the matter." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Nakamura Shikan IV portraying Matsu˘maru in a mitate-e print made in 1863 by Utagawa Kunisada II (belonging to the Haiyű Makie Sakazuki series)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1859

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1860

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Yoshitsuya in 1862

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1863

Print made by Utagawa Yoshiiku in 1867

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1872

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1873

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1874

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1881

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1883

The Nakamura Tamatar˘ line of actors

The Nakamura Masanosuke line of actors

The Nakamura Fukusuke line of actors

The Nakamura Shikan line of actors

 
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