|KATAOKA NIZAEMON X|
Real name: Kataoka Tsuchinosuke
Line number: J█DAIME (X)
Poetry names: Gad˘ (3), Roen (3)
Crest: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle
Existence: 13th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1851 ~ 16 April 1895
Father: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII
Brothers: Kataoka T˘kichi, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon XI
Son: Kataoka Nizaemon XII
1851: born in ďsaka.
1854: the Kataoka clan settled in Edo.
8th lunar month of 1856: he made his first appearance on stage in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Kataoka Tsuchinosuke and performed in the drama "Z˘h˘ Suzuka Gassen".
10th lunar month of 1862: the Kataoka clan went back to ďsaka.
16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863: his father Kataoka Nizaemon VIII died.
1867: Kataoka Tsuchinosuke I took the name of Kataoka Matsuwaka.
1st lunar month of 1872: Kataoka Matsuwaka took the name of Kataoka Gad˘ III at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Yokoyama Tar˘ and Shűrinosuke in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futabae no Z˘shi".
February 1876: Gad˘ and his brother Kataoka Hidetar˘ I went together to T˘ky˘.
March 1876: Gad˘ achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Gohiiki Kuruwa Bunsh˘", sharing the stage with Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII in the role of the courtesan Yűgiri; his brother took the name of Kataoka Gat˘ III.
November 1876: Gad˘ became zagashira in the same theater and played the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘, Hayano Kanpei, Yazama Jűtar˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Chűk˘ Iroha Dango" (similar to "Kanadehon Chűshingura"). He also played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Imagawa Jirokichi in the drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori"
November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubŕ", a revision of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Gad˘ played the roles of Hosokawa Shurinosuke Masamoto and the yakko Shikaz˘ [casting].
October 1884: Gad˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Tamiya Iemon in the drama "Katamigusa Yotsuya Kaidan" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi were played by Onoe Kikugor˘ V.
February 1885: Gad˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Gad˘ played the role of Yamaoka Tomisabur˘ [casting].
February 1886: Gad˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Tanzaemon Motoyasu in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; his stage partners were Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Chidori), Nakamura Shikan IV (Shunkan) and Seki Sanjűr˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).
February 1889: the Kataoka brothers went back to ďsaka after 13 years spent in T˘ky˘.
Kataoka Nizaemon X was a talented actor able to perform a wide range of roles, as tachiyaku, katakiyaku or onnagata. His field of excellence was wagoto. He was endowed with a great voice and both his vocal projection and the way he delivered his lines were outstanding. As regards psychology, he was not a stable man and his quarrels with his brother Kataoka Gat˘ III (who refused to take part in his shűmei) or the Kamigata star Ichikawa Udanji I drove him insane.
Kataoka Nizaemon X in a posthumous print made by Toyohara Kunichika in January 1896
The Kataoka Roen line of actors
The Kataoka Gad˘ line of actors
The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors
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