KATAOKA NIZAEMON X

Stage names:

Kataoka Nizaemon X In Japanese
Kataoka Gad˘ III In Japanese
Kataoka Matsuwaka In Japanese
Kataoka Tsuchinosuke I In Japanese

Other name:

Kataoka Roen III In Japanese

Real name: Kataoka Tsuchinosuke

Guild: Matsushimaya

Line number: J█DAIME (X)

Poetry names: Gad˘ (3), Roen (3)

Crest: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle

Existence: 13th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1851 ~ 16 April 1895

Connections:

Father: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII

Brothers: Kataoka T˘kichi, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon XI

Son: Kataoka Nizaemon XII

Grandsons: Kataoka Gad˘ V, Ichimura Yoshigor˘ II, Kataoka Roen VI

Career:

1851: born in ďsaka.

1854: the Kataoka clan settled in Edo.

8th lunar month of 1856: he made his first appearance on stage in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Kataoka Tsuchinosuke and performed in the drama "Z˘h˘ Suzuka Gassen".

10th lunar month of 1862: the Kataoka clan went back to ďsaka.

16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863: his father Kataoka Nizaemon VIII died.

1867: Kataoka Tsuchinosuke I took the name of Kataoka Matsuwaka.

1st lunar month of 1872: Kataoka Matsuwaka took the name of Kataoka Gad˘ III at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Yokoyama Tar˘ and Shűrinosuke in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futabae no Z˘shi".

February 1876: Gad˘ and his brother Kataoka Hidetar˘ I went together to T˘ky˘.

March 1876: Gad˘ achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Gohiiki Kuruwa Bunsh˘", sharing the stage with Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII in the role of the courtesan Yűgiri; his brother took the name of Kataoka Gat˘ III.

November 1876: Gad˘ became zagashira in the same theater and played the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘, Hayano Kanpei, Yazama Jűtar˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Chűk˘ Iroha Dango" (similar to "Kanadehon Chűshingura"). He also played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Imagawa Jirokichi in the drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori"

August 1879: Gad˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the Hisamatsuza [more details].

23 May 1880: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Arimatsuzome Sum˘ Yukata"; Gad˘ played the roles of the sum˘tori Onogawa Kisabur˘ and Takao Jűzaemon [more details].

May 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa"; Gad˘ played the roles of Isobe Kazunosuke and Urato Monzabur˘ [casting].

November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubŕ", a revision of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Gad˘ played the roles of Hosokawa Shurinosuke Masamoto and the yakko Shikaz˘ [casting].

October 1884: Gad˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Tamiya Iemon in the drama "Katamigusa Yotsuya Kaidan" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi were played by Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

February 1885: Gad˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Gad˘ played the role of Yamaoka Tomisabur˘ [casting].

February 1886: Gad˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Tanzaemon Motoyasu in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; his stage partners were Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Chidori), Nakamura Shikan IV (Shunkan) and Seki Sanjűr˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).

February 1889: the Kataoka brothers went back to ďsaka after 13 years spent in T˘ky˘.

January 1890: Gad˘ became zagashira at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘ and Senzaki Yagor˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

January 1895: Kataoka Gad˘ III took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon X at the Bentenza (ďsaka); he suddenly sank into raving madness and died a few months after his shűmei, the 16th of April 1895.

Comments:

Kataoka Nizaemon X was a talented actor able to perform a wide range of roles, as tachiyaku, katakiyaku or onnagata. His field of excellence was wagoto. He was endowed with a great voice and both his vocal projection and the way he delivered his lines were outstanding. As regards psychology, he was not a stable man and his quarrels with his brother Kataoka Gat˘ III (who refused to take part in his shűmei) or the Kamigata star Ichikawa Udanji I drove him insane.

Kataoka Nizaemon X in a posthumous print made by Toyohara Kunichika in January 1896

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1882

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1883

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1883

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1887

The Kataoka Roen line of actors

The Kataoka Gad˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors

 
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