KATAOKA NIZAEMON XI

Stage names:

Kataoka Nizaemon XI In Japanese
Kataoka Gat˘ III In Japanese
Kataoka Hidetar˘ I In Japanese

Real name: Kataoka Hidetar˘

Guild: Matsushimaya

Line number: J█ICHIDAIME (XI)

Poetry names: Manmaro, Gat˘ (3)

Crest: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle

Existence: 1857 ~ 16 October 1934

Connections:

Grandfather: Nakamura Karoku I

Father: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII

Brothers: Kataoka T˘kichi, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon X

Adopted son: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII

Disciples: Kataoka Ch˘dayű IV, Kataoka Ainosuke IV, Kataoka Matsunosuke III, Kataoka T˘jűr˘ II, Kataoka Chiyomaro, Kataoka T˘nosuke, Kataoka Tar˘, Kataoka Hider˘, Kataoka Chiez˘, Kataoka Sakon, Kataoka Saemon II

Career:

1857: born in Edo in the district of Saruwaka-ch˘. He was the fourth son of Kataoka Nizaemon VIII and his mother was Nakamura Karoku I's daughter.

3rd lunar month of 1860: first stage appearance, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Kataoka Hidetar˘ I.

10th lunar month of 1862: the Kataoka clan went back to ďsaka.

16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863: his father Kataoka Nizaemon VIII died.

1863 ~ 1871: Hidetar˘ performed in a troupe of children-actors (kodomo shibai).

5th lunar month of 1871: Hidetar˘ played at the Takeda no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of the courtesan Umegawa was played by ďtani Tomoemon V.

1st lunar month of 1872: Hidetar˘ played at the Tenma no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by Nakamura Umetar˘.

February 1876: Hidetar˘ and his brother Kataoka Gad˘ III went together to T˘ky˘.

March 1876: Kataoka Hidetar˘ I took the name of Kataoka Gat˘ III at the Nakamuraza.

23 May 1880: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Arimatsuzome Sum˘ Yukata"; Gat˘ played the roles of Okana, Asama Chikugo-no-Kami, Mizuki Mondonosuke and Takao's son S˘zabur˘ [more details].

February 1889: the Kataoka brothers went back to ďsaka after 13 years spent in T˘ky˘.

November 1890: Gat˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘ in the drama "Umagiri".

April 1892: Gat˘ played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Shigetada in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Akoya and Iwanaga were played by Ichikawa Yonez˘ IV and Nakamura Jusabur˘ III.

November 1893: the puppet drama "Kamiko Jitate Ry˘men Kagami" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naniwaza; Gat˘ played the roles of Yorozuya Sukeemon and the bant˘ Gonpachi [casting].

May 1894: Gat˘ played at the Minamiza the role of Hachirobŕ in the drama "Unagidani".

January 1895: Gat˘ played at the Kado Gekij˘ the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku was played by Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV. At the same time, his brother Kataoka Gad˘ III took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon X at the Bentenza (ďsaka); Gat˘ refused to take part in his shűmei. The new Nizaemon sank into raving madness.

16 April 1895: his brother Kataoka Nizaemon X died.

November 1896: Gat˘ played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

February 1897: Gat˘ went to T˘ky˘ and played at the Harukiza 4 roles in the drama "Shinrei Sugawara Jikki".

March 1904: successful premiere at the T˘ky˘za of Tsubouchi Sh˘y˘'s drama "Kiri Hitoha"; the roles of Yodogimi and Katagiri Katsumoto were played by Nakamura Shikan V and Gat˘.

December 1906: premiere at the Minamiza of Takayasu Gekk˘'s drama "Sakura Shigure"; Gat˘ played the roles of Haiya Sh˘yű and Sh˘yű's son Sabur˘bei [casting].

January 1907: Kataoka Gat˘ III took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XI at the Kadoza.

June 1907: Nizaemon played at the Kadoza the role of Gapp˘ in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; his stage partners were Nakamura Shibajaku IV (Tamate Gozen) and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI (Shuntokumaru).

June 1908: Nizaemon played at the Kadoza the roles of Igami no Gonta and Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

February 1909: Nizaemon played at the Meijiza the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by his disciple Kataoka Saemon II.

November 1912: premiere at the Kabukiza of Enomoto Torahiko's drama "Meik˘ Kakiemon"; The role of Kakiemon, a kind of Japanese Bernard Palissy, was played by Nizaemon.

March 1913: Nizaemon played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of En'ya Hangan, Sadakur˘, Teraoka Heiemon and Oishi in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

November 1922: Nizaemon played at the Imperial Theater the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri was played by Onoe Baik˘ VI.

October 1934: Nizaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka for a special program announcing the coming shűmei of his nephew Kataoka Roen V. He took part in the k˘j˘ for 2 days but suddenly fell ill and he died the 16th of October 1934.

Comments:

Kataoka Nizaemon XI was a very popular and outstanding actor, who achieved a fame for himself in both his native Kamigata and in T˘ky˘. He was able to play a wide range of roles, as a tachiyaku or a katakiyaku or even an onnagata, in jidaimono as well as sewamono, in classics as well as Shinkabuki. Wagotoshi and jitsugotoshi roles were his forte. In ďsaka, he and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I surpassed themselves for the title of best wagotoshi. In T˘ky˘, his main stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon XV and Nakamura Utaemon V. This threesome was nicknamed San'emon ("The Three Emon") and their performances were extremely successful.

Kataoka Nizaemon XI gathered 12 of his best roles in a special collection called Kataoka Jűnishű: Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘ ("Umagiri"), Ishida no Tsubone ("Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome"), Hachirobŕ ("Unagidani"), Matahei ("Keisei Hangonk˘"), Seigen ("Seigen Anshitsu"), Daimonjiya Sukeemon ("Kamiko Jitate Ry˘men Kagami"), Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari ("Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari"), Akagaki Genz˘ ("Kanadehon Suzuri no Takashima") , Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Tenpaizan"), Yojir˘ ("Chikagoro Kawara no Tatehiki"), Waki Kiyomaru ("Kawara no Wakare") and Kimura Nagato-no-Kami ("Keppan Tori"). His others best roles were Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Kameya Chűbŕ ("Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"), Kakiemon ("Meik˘ Kakiemon"), Katagiri Katsumoto ("Kiri Hitoha") or Heisaku ("Numazu").

Kataoka Nizaemon XI in a print made by Yamamura K˘ka in 1916

Print made by Hasegawa Sadanobu in 1905

Print made by Yamamura Toyonari in 1920

The Kataoka Hidetar˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Gat˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors

 
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