|KATAOKA NIZAEMON XI|
Real name: Kataoka Hidetar˘
Line number: J█ICHIDAIME (XI)
Poetry names: Manmaro, Gat˘ (3)
Blazon: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle
Existence: 1857 ~ 16 October 1934
Grandfather: Nakamura Karoku I
Father: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII
Brothers: Kataoka T˘kichi, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon X
Adopted son: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII
Disciples: Kataoka Ch˘dayű IV, Kataoka Ainosuke IV, Kataoka Matsunosuke III, Kataoka T˘jűr˘ II, Kataoka Chiyomaro, Kataoka T˘nosuke, Kataoka Tar˘, Kataoka Hider˘, Kataoka Chiez˘, Kataoka Sakon, Kataoka Saemon II
3rd lunar month of 1860: first stage appearance, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Kataoka Hidetar˘ I.
10th lunar month of 1862: the Kataoka clan went back to ďsaka.
16th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1863: his father Kataoka Nizaemon VIII died.
1863 ~ 1871: Hidetar˘ performed in a troupe of children-actors (kodomo shibai).
5th lunar month of 1871: Hidetar˘ played at the Takeda no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of the courtesan Umegawa was played by ďtani Tomoemon V.
February 1876: Hidetar˘ and his brother Kataoka Gad˘ III went together to T˘ky˘.
March 1876: Kataoka Hidetar˘ I took the name of Kataoka Gat˘ III at the Nakamuraza.
23 May 1880: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Arimatsuzome Sum˘ Yukata"; Gat˘ played the roles of Okana, Asama Chikugo-no-Kami, Mizuki Mondonosuke and Takao's son S˘zabur˘ [more details].
February 1889: the Kataoka brothers went back to ďsaka after 13 years spent in T˘ky˘.
April 1892: Gat˘ played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Shigetada in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Akoya and Iwanaga were played by Ichikawa Yonez˘ IV and Nakamura Jusabur˘ III.
November 1893: the puppet drama "Kamiko Jitate Ry˘men Kagami" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naniwaza; Gat˘ played the roles of Yorozuya Sukeemon and the bant˘ Gonpachi [casting].
January 1895: Gat˘ played at the Kado Gekij˘ the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku was played by Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV. At the same time, his brother Kataoka Gad˘ III took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon X at the Bentenza (ďsaka); Gat˘ refused to take part in his shűmei. The new Nizaemon sank into raving madness.
16 April 1895: his brother Kataoka Nizaemon X died.
February 1897: Gat˘ went to T˘ky˘ and played at the Harukiza 4 roles in the drama "Shinrei Sugawara Jikki".
January 1907: Kataoka Gat˘ III took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XI at the Kadoza.
November 1912: premiere at the Kabukiza of Enomoto Torahiko's drama "Meik˘ Kakiemon"; The role of Kakiemon, a kind of Japanese Bernard Palissy, was played by Nizaemon.
October 1934: Nizaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka for a special program announcing the coming shűmei of his nephew Kataoka Roen V. He took part in the k˘j˘ for 2 days but suddenly fell ill and he died the 16th of October 1934.
Kataoka Nizaemon XI was a very popular and outstanding actor, who achieved a fame for himself in both his native Kamigata and in T˘ky˘. He was able to play a wide range of roles, as a tachiyaku or a katakiyaku or even an onnagata, in jidaimono as well as sewamono, in classics as well as Shinkabuki. Wagotoshi and jitsugotoshi roles were his forte. In ďsaka, he and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I surpassed themselves for the title of best wagotoshi. In T˘ky˘, his main stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon XV and Nakamura Utaemon V. This threesome was nicknamed San'emon ("The Three Emon") and their performances were extremely successful.
Kataoka Nizaemon XI gathered 12 of his best roles in a special collection called Kataoka Jűnishű: Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘ ("Umagiri"), Ishida no Tsubone ("Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome"), Hachirobŕ ("Unagidani"), Matahei ("Keisei Hangonk˘"), Seigen ("Seigen Anshitsu"), Daimonjiya Sukeemon ("Kamiko Jitate Ry˘men Kagami"), Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari ("Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari"), Akagaki Genz˘ ("Kanadehon Suzuri no Takashima") , Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Tenpaizan"), Yojir˘ ("Chikagoro Kawara no Tatehiki"), Waki Kiyomaru ("Kawara no Wakare") and Kimura Nagato-no-Kami ("Keppan Tori"). His others best roles were Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Kameya Chűbŕ ("Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"), Kakiemon ("Meik˘ Kakiemon"), Katagiri Katsumoto ("Kiri Hitoha") or Heisaku ("Numazu").
Kataoka Nizaemon XI in a print made by Yamamura K˘ka in 1916
The Kataoka Hidetar˘ line of actors
The Kataoka Gat˘ line of actors
The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors
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