ONOE BAIKď VI

Stage names:

Onoe Baik˘ VI
Onoe Eizabur˘ V
Onoe Einosuke I

Other name: Nishikawa Einosuke

Real name: Terashima Einosuke

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: ROKUDAIME (VI)

Existence: 15th day of the 10th lunar month of 1870 ~ 8 November 1934

Connections:

Father: Onoe Ch˘jir˘

Adoptive father: Onoe Kikugor˘ V

Sons: Onoe Eizabur˘ VII, Onoe Taijir˘

Grandson: Onoe Eizabur˘ VIII

Disciple: Onoe Baich˘ IV

Career:

15th day of the 10th lunar month of 1870: born in Nagoya in the district of Fushimi-ch˘.

August 1876: he became disciple of the Buy˘ Master Nishikawa Koisabur˘, receiving the name of Nishikawa Einosuke and playing at the Shinmoriza (Nagoya) the role of Ushiwakamaru in the dance "Goj˘ Bashi".

1882: the young Einosuke was adopted by Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

January 1885: he took the name of Onoe Einosuke I.

February 1885: Einosuke took part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Einosuke played the role of K˘bŕ's daughter Oshimo [casting].

March 1886: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Mekura Nagaya Ume-ga-Kagatobi"; Einosuke played the role of Oasa [casting].

May 1891: Onoe Einosuke I took the name of Onoe Eizabur˘ V at the Shintomiza (T˘ky˘).

November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubŕ" was used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza; Eizabur˘ played the role of Sanza's wife Katsuragi [casting].

July 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kaidan Botan D˘r˘", adapted for Kabuki from a famous Rakugo story created by San'yűtei Ench˘; Eizabur˘ played the roles of Otsuyu and Otsuyu's ghost [casting].

September 1892: Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Eizabur˘ achieved a great success at the Kabukiza in the drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi". The father and the son played respectively the roles of Yosabur˘ and Otomi.

September 1893: tour in Nagoya with the troupe led by Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

January 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's dance-drama "Hagoromo"; Eizabur˘ played the role of the fisherman Hakury˘ [casting].

May 1898: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Edo Sodachi Omatsuri Sashichi"; Eizabur˘ played the role of the courtesan Koito [casting].

October 1902: premiere at the Kabukiza of Enokido Kenji's drama "Ninj˘ Banashi Bunshichi Mottoi"; Eizabur˘ played the role of Ch˘bŕ's wife Okane [casting].

March 1903: great shűmei at the Kabukiza for the Otowaya guild; the actors Onoe Ushinosuke II, Onoe Eizabur˘ V and Onoe Eiz˘ respectively took the names of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI [more details].

June 1904: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Meiboku Kasane Monogatari"; Baik˘ played the role of Kasane [casting].

November 1908: revival at the Kabukiza of the Kabuki Jűhachiban drama "Kagekiyo"; Baik˘ played the role of Kagekiyo's wife Akoya [casting].

April 1910: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Yuki no Yűbe Iriya no Azemichi", a few scenes taken from "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana" focusing on Kataoka Naojir˘ and his lover Michitose and staged independently from the rest of the play; Baik˘ played the role of Michitose [casting].

March 1911: opening of the Imperial Theater. The three leading actors of the new Kabuki troupe based in this theater were Onoe Baik˘ VI (onnagata), Ichikawa Komaz˘ VIII (tachiyaku) and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII (wagotoshi).

April 1912: premiere at the Naniwaza of Okamoto Kid˘'s "Heikegani", which starred Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII and Baik˘.

September 1914: premiere at the Imperial Theater of the dance "Onatsu Ky˘ran"; the roles of Onatsu and the pack-horse driver were played by Baik˘ and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII.

November 1922: Baik˘ played at the Imperial Theater the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Fujiya Izaemon was played by Kataoka Nizaemon XI.

7 May 1926: his eldest son Onoe Eizabur˘ VII died.

July 1927: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi", an adaptation to Kabuki by the playwright Kimura Kinka of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel; Baik˘ played the role of the geisha Yonehachi [casting].

2nd of September 1927: his youngest son Onoe Taijir˘ died.

January 1934: Baik˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Nureginu in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; his stage partners were Onoe Kikugor˘ VI (Princess Yaegaki) and Ichimura Uzaemon XV (Katsuyori).

November 1934: Baik˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Enju in the drama "Genta Kand˘"; he collapsed on stage the 4th of November, victim of a cerebral haemorrhage. He died the 8th of November 1934.

Comments:

Onoe Baik˘ VI was one of the best onnagata of the Meiji, Taish˘ and the first years of the Sh˘wa eras. He costarred stage giants like Onoe Kikugor˘ V, Kataoka Nizaemon XI, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII or Onoe Kikugor˘ VI. The duo Onoe Baik˘ VI-Ichimura Uzaemon XV was extremely popular. He was expected to retire in March 1936 at the Kabukiza, taking the name of Onoe Baiju II [1] and performing in a special program commemorating the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of his adoptive father Onoe Kikugor˘ V but he died before the event.

"Baik˘, following the traditions of the Onoe family, for he was the grandson of the third Kikugor˘, and was adopted by the fifth, was clever in the weird, and never pleases so much as when he played an unearthly woman, ghost, or demon. He was particularly successful as a woman of the people, but it was as a dancer that he has endeared himself to all T˘ky˘. The grace of his movements, the power of suggestion in his descriptive dances, fill all who witness them with admiration." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The actor Onoe Kikugor˘ III's haimy˘ was Baiju and, although he never officially held the name of Onoe Baiju I, he was considered as being Onoe Baiju I.

Onoe Baik˘ VI playing the role of the courtesan Okon in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1929)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1892

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1897

Print made by Natori Shunsen

The Onoe Baik˘ line of actors

The Onoe Eizabur˘ line of actors

 
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