KIMURA KINKA

Playwright name:

Kimura Kinka In Japanese

Stage name:

Ichikawa Takanosuke In Japanese

Real Name: Kimura Kinnosuke

Existence: 17 May 1877 ~ 19 August 1960

Connection:

Wife: Kimura Tomiko

Son: Sawamura Gennosuke V

Career:

17 May 1877: born in T˘ky˘ in Ushigome Iwatoch˘ [1]. His father was a member of Ichikawa Sadanji I's troupe. He performed as a koyaku in this troupe. His stage name was Ichikawa Takanosuke.

1908: he started to work for Ichikawa Sadanji II, along with Oka Onitar˘, at the Meijiza.

1912: he joined the Sh˘chiku Company.

1920: Kimura Kinka directed, along with Henry Kotani, the B&W silent movie "Shima no Onna", which starred Kawada Yoshiko, Shizuka Yachiyo and the Kabuki actor Nakamura Tsuruz˘ III. This was the first movie produced by the Sh˘chiku Company. The screenplay was written by Kimura Kinka, based on an originbal work by Yamazaki Shik˘

January 1925: reopening of the Kabukiza (which was destroyed by a powerful earthquake called Kant˘ Daijishin the 1st of September 1923. Kimura Kinka became the head of tatesakusha.

December 1925: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Togitatsu no Utare"; the roles of the togiya Moriyama Tatsuji, Hirai Kuichir˘ and Hirai Saijir˘ were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II, ďtani Tomoemon VI and Ichimura Kamez˘ III.

December 1926: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Keikochű no Togitatsu", which starred Ichikawa Ennosuke II in the togiya Moriyama Tatsuji.

July 1927: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kimura Kinka of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 eponymous novel [casting].

August 1927: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Koi no Togitatsu", which starred Ichikawa Ennosuke II in the togiya Moriyama Tatsuji.

August 1928: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige", a Kabuki drama based on Jippensha Ikku's picaresque comic novel "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige"; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

May 1929: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Jűsansai no Yoritomo", which starred Ichikawa Sadanji II and Nakamura Kichiemon I.

August/September 1929: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Kiso Kaid˘ Hizakurige", a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set on the Nakasend˘ [2], not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

December 1929: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Ak˘ Gishi Kaikyoroku", which starred Ichikawa Ennosuke II and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII.

July 1930: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Sono Toki no Ak˘-j˘", which starred Ichikawa Sadanji II and Morita Kan'ya XIII.

August 1930: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Kyűshű D˘chű Hizakurige", a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set in Kyűshű, not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

October 1930: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Sasagawa Ikka", which starred Ichikawa Sadanji II and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII.

December 1930: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Chigiri Iseya", which starred Ichikawa Sadanji II and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII.

August 1931: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "K˘mori no Yasu-san" [3], which starred Morita Kan'ya XIII in the eponymous role of K˘mori no Yasu (Yasu the Bat) [4]. It was a Kabuki adaptation of Charles Chaplin's 1931 movie "City Lights". "The earliest detailed description of City Lights to have appeared in the Japanese press is ôA Cinema Diary in America 6ö, written by film critic Tamura Yukihiko in the 21 March, 1931 issue of Kinema Junp˘. Kimura probably wrote the scenario of K˘mori no Yasusan based on this magazine article, and then supplemented it with details provided by his friends the legendary actors Ichimura Uzaemon the 15th and Ichikawa Ennosuke the 2nd, who had just seen the film in the United States." (ďno Hiroyuki in "From Chaplin to Kabuki")

August 1932: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "ďshű Hizakurige", a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set in ďshű, not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

September 1932: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Zoku ďshű Hizakurige", a sequel to "ďshű Hizakurige", which was also a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set in ďshű, not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

August 1933: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Konpira D˘chű Hizakurige", a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set on the road to the Konpira Shrine, not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

August 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Izumo D˘chű Hizakurige", a sequel to "T˘kaid˘chű Hizakurige" set on the road to Izumo Taisha, not on the T˘kaid˘; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and ďtani Tomoemon VI.

June 1936: his son Kataoka Chiyomaro took the name of Sawamura Gennosuke V at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘.

August 1936: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Mori no Ishimatsu D˘chűki", which starred Ichikawa Ennosuke II (Ishimatsu) and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III (Oyuki).

September 1936: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Zoku Mori no Ishimatsu D˘chűki", which starred Ichikawa Ennosuke II (Ishimatsu), Nakamura Baigyoku III, Ichikawa Omez˘ IV and Sawamura Tosshi VIII.

August 1937: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Kinka's drama "Yaji Kita Nikkich˘"; the roles of Yajirobŕ and Kitahachi were played by Ichikawa Ennosuke II and Sawamura Tosshi VIII.

26 December 1944: his wife Kimura Tomiko died.

From 1945: he left the Sh˘chiku Company and retired at the end of WWII. He managed a wig store and was also the president of the Stage Art Federation

19 August 1960: Kimura Kinka died in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Kimura Kinka was an important playwright and director, who was active from the 1920s to the 1940s. He wrote more than 60 scripts. He wrote also several books about performing arts.

[1] Nowadays the district of Iwatoch˘ in Shinjuku Ward.

[2] The Nakasend˘ was commonly called Kiso Kaid˘.

[3] This drama was revived at the National Theatre in December 2019 to commemorate the 130th Anniversary of Chaplin's Birth [more details].

[4] "The title character in K˘mori no Yasusan is based on the well-known figure ĹK˘mori-Yasuĺ, who appears in the ôGenjidanaö scene in the famous Kabuki piece, Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi. This narrative was written by Segawa Jok˘ the 3rd, and was first in 1853. K˘mori-Yasu is a tramp character and teaches Yosaburo, the protagonist, how to extort women. Kimura wrote, ĹK˘mori-Yasu is an ideal role to adapt to Charlie, because he is a gentle tramp.ĺ Clearly Kimura tailored K˘mori-Yasu to be ôChaplinesqueö." (ďno Hiroyuki in "From Chaplin to Kabuki")

Kimura Kinka

 
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