ICHIKAWA CH█SHA VIII

Stage names:

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII
Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII
Ichikawa Matsuo I

Guild: Tachibanaya

Line number: HACHIDAIME (VIII)

Poetry name: Chűsha (8)

Existence: 10 November 1896 ~ 20 June 1971

Connections:

Father: Ichikawa Danshir˘ II

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Chűsha VII

Disciples: Ichikawa Nakaz˘, Ichikawa Nakajir˘, Ichikawa Nakanosuke III

Career:

October 1913: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Kabukiza where he receives the name of Ichikawa Matsuo I.

March 1916: Matsuo is adopted by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII.

October 1918: great shűmei at the Kabukiza; Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII and Ichikawa Matsuo I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Chűsha VII and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII.

September 1930: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "T˘ryű Azuma Bunsh˘"; Yaoz˘ plays the roles of Awazu Shichir˘ and Sentar˘ [casting].

July 1936: his adoptive father Ichikawa Chűsha VII dies.

November 1939: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Kimura Tomiko's dance-drama "Kurozuka"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of the yamabushi Priest Yamatob˘ [casting].

November 1938: revival at the Kokusai Gekij˘ (International Theater) of the drama "Fud˘", which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Hayakumo Daijin [more details].

July 1951: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Run's brother Kyűemon [casting].

July 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Kitsune to Fuefuki"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Akinobu [casting].

November 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kema Nanboku's revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of the daiky˘ji Ishun [casting].

June 1953: Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII takes the name of Ichikawa Chűsha VIII at the Kabukiza by playing the prestigious role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki".

November 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mishima Yukio's comical play "Iwashi Uri Koi no Hikiami"; Chűsha plays the role of Ebina Naamidabutsu [casting].

October 1955: Chűsha takes part in the first Kabuki tour in the Popular Republic of China; he plays the roles of Yoshitsune and Sh˘gen in the dramas "Kanjinch˘" and "Keisei Hangonk˘" [casting]. Chűsha has the opportunity to meet the stars of the Chinese Traditional Opera like the famous Mei Lan-Fang.

March 1956: premiere in Kabuki at the Meijiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Ii Tair˘"; Chűsha plays the role of Nagano Shuzen [more details].

July 1956: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", commonly called "Onna Seigen"; Chűsha plays the role of Gunsuke [more details].

November 1959: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which is supervised by Mishima Yukio; Chűsha plays the role of the priest Zangetsu [casting].

February 1960: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Shiranui Kengy˘"; Chűsha plays the role of Tobaya Tanji [casting].

1961: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Chűsha leave together, with their disciples, the Sh˘chiku Company to sign an exclusive contract with the T˘h˘ Company.

July 1963: revival at the Yomiuri Hall in T˘ky˘ of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Chűsha plays the role of Ishid˘ Tatewaki [casting].

December 1966: second month of the opening ceremony of the National Theater with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" in which Chűsha plays the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the "Tenpaizan" scene [casting].

June 1971: Chűsha appears on the stage for the last time, at the National Theatre, where he plays the role of Shinza's land-lord in the drama "Kamiyui Shinza" (the role of Shinza is played by Onoe Sh˘roku II); he suddenly dies the 20th of June 1971 (he is replaced by Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III).

Comments:

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII was a talented tachiyaku, trained by Ichikawa Chűsha VII and who was very active in both Kabuki and modern productions. Two of his best roles, at the end of his career, were Jinbei and Midaroku in the dramas "Sakura Giminden" and "Kumagai Jin'ya".

Ichikawa Chűsha VIII (right) and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III (left) playing the roles of K˘mori Yasu and Otomi in the drama "Kirare Otomi" (oil painting made by Hasegawa Noboru in 1955)

The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors

 
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