KAWARAZAKI GONJ█Rď III

Stage names:

Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III In Japanese
Kawarazaki Gonzabur˘ IV In Japanese
Kawarazaki Kaoru In Japanese

Real name: Nagatani Masakazu

Guild: Yamazakiya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Existence: 1918 ~ 18 February 1998

Connections:

Father: Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ II

Brother: Kawarazaki Gonzabur˘ III

Career:

1918: born in Nagoya.

April 1935: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Shinjuku Daiichi Gekij˘, receiving the name of Kawarazaki Kaoru.

May 1946: Kawarazaki Kaoru takes the name of Kawarazaki Gonzabur˘ IV.

July 1951: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Gonzabur˘ plays the role of the hikite jaya wife Okise [casting].

March 1953: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Edo no Yűbae"; Gonzabur˘ plays the role of a boatman [casting].

January 1954: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of the Nagauta-based dance "Taimen Hana no Harukoma", which is entitled "Ataru Toshi Iwau Harukoma"; Gonzabur˘ plays the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune [casting].

May 1956: Kawarazaki Gonzabur˘ IV takes the name of Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III at Kabukiza, playing the roles of Tar˘kaja and Minbu in the dance-drama "Migawari Zazen" and the jidaimono "Kenuki".

June 1959: Gonjűr˘ plays at the T˘yoko Hall the role of T˘kichi in the drama "Kinkakuji". His stage partners in the roles of Matsunaga Daizen and Princess Yuki are Ichikawa Danshir˘ III and Sawamura Tossh˘ V.

1960: Gonjűr˘ becomes zagashira of the T˘yoko Kabuki troupe, based in the T˘yoko Hall in the district of Shibuya (T˘ky˘).

November 1962: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Fud˘", which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Hayakumo Tokikaze [more details].

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Sakata Kintoki [casting].

March 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which is supervised by Gunji Masakatsu; Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Awazu Shichir˘ and Sentar˘ [casting].

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Kawazura Bannoj˘ [casting].

March 1975: revival at the National Theatre of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jiraiya G˘ketsu Monogatari"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Senso D˘jin [casting].

1976: Gonjűr˘ replaces the star Onoe Sh˘roku II in the leading role of Shakespeare's "Othello".

December 1979: Gonjűr˘ receives the National Theatre Excellence Prize (Kokuritsu Gekij˘ Yűshűsh˘) for his performance in the role of Gonshir˘ in the play "Hirakana Seisuiki".

March 1981: revival at the National Theatre of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of ďmu no Ryűz˘, later the priest Ryűzen [casting].

June 1981: Gonjűr˘ plays at the National Theatre the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". His stage partners are Onoe Tatsunosuke I (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IX (Otatsu) and Ichikawa Ginnosuke I (Issun Tokubŕ).

January 1982: revival at the National Theatre of "Z˘hiki", a bombastic play in the aragoto style which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of the priest Gazenb˘ [casting].

January 1983: revival of "Nanatsu Men" at the National Theatre; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Hatakeyama Shigetada [casting].

January 1984: historic revival at the National Theatre of the play "Sankai Nagoya" in which Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Kigusuriya Heiji's wife Otsune [casting].

January 1985: revival at the National Theatre of the drama "Kan U", which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of The villager Shigesaku, in reality Tsutsumi Gunji, later Ch˘ Ry˘ [casting].

January 1986: revival at the National Theatre of the rarely-staged drama "Uwanari", which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of the tsubone Kűen [more details].

November 1997: Gonjűr˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza where he plays the role of Ch˘bŕ in the drama "Shibahama no Kawazaifu"; he falls ill and has to be replaced from the 8th of November by his disciple Yamazaki Gon'ichi.

18 February 1998: Gonjűr˘ dies.

Comments:

Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III was a versatile and talented actor, who played both onnagata or tachiyaku roles.

He played from 1960 to 1966 many leading roles in a small theater named T˘yoko Hall and located in the district of Shibuya in T˘ky˘: Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori ("Sanemori Monogatari"), Fukuoka Mitsugi ("Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"), Goroz˘ ("Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"), Yosabur˘ ("Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi"). Because of the close association of these roles with the star Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX (Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI), Gonjűr˘ was nicknamed "Shibuya no Ebisama" ("Shibuya's Ebiz˘").

Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III's best roles: Yatagor˘ Genshichi ("Kamiyui Shinza"), K˘bŕ ("Benten Koz˘"), Yashio ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"), Ikyű ("Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"), Gonshir˘ ("Hirakana Seisuiki"), Yazaemon ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura").

Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ III playing the role of Omatsuri Sashichi in the drama "Omatsuri Sashichi" in a print made by Tsuruya K˘kei in June 1987
Print courtesy of Castle Fine Arts, Inc. (all rights reserved)

The Kawarazaki Gonzabur˘ line of actors

The Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ line of actors

 
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