|ICHIKAWA DANJ█Rď IX|
Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
Other name: Ichikawa Jukai II
Line number: KUDAIME (IX)
Poetry names: Sansh˘, Jukai (2), Shisen, Danju
Existence: 1838 ~ 13 September 1903
Great-great-great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I
Great-great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Danjűr˘ II)
Great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Danjűr˘ IV)
Great-grandfather: Ichikawa Hakuen I (Danjűr˘ V)
Father: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII (Ebiz˘ V)
Adoptive father: Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VI
Daughters: Ichikawa Suisen II, Ichikawa Kyokubai II
Disciples: Ichikawa Monnosuke VI, Ichikawa Chűsha VII, Ichikawa Shinz˘ V, Ichikawa Gangyoku II, Ichikawa Raiz˘ V, Ichikawa Gonjűr˘, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V, Ichikawa Saruz˘ III, Ichikawa Masusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Masuz˘ III, Ichikawa Kimitar˘, Ichikawa Dan'emon I, Ichikawa Dan'emon II, Ichikawa Sh˘z˘ III, Ichikawa Shinjűr˘ II, Ichikawa Shinjűr˘ III, Ichikawa Danshir˘ II, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ VI, Ichikawa Hakotora II
Granddaughter: Ichikawa Suisen III
1838 ~ 1844: born in Edo in the district of Sakai-ch˘. Fifth son of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, his mother is not the legal wife of his father. He is adopted by Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VI, the head of the Kawarasakiza.
1st lunar month of 1845: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Kawarasakiza, where he receives the name of Kawarasaki Ch˘jűr˘ III.
9th lunar month of 1852: Kawarasaki Ch˘jűr˘ III takes the name of Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ I, playing the role of Hatsushima Gor˘ in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".
1st lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Nezumi Komon Haru no Shingata" (commonly called "Nezumi Koz˘"); Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Matsubaya Bunz˘, Ch˘kichi and Yonosuke [casting].
7th lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ami Moy˘ T˘ro no Kikukiri" (commonly called "Kozaru Shichinosuke"); Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Ob˘ Kichisa and the priest Ky˘shin [casting].
3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama is now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Ushiwaka Denji and Kinokuniya Bunzaemon [more details].
2nd lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kosode Soga Azami no Ironui" (commonly called "Izayoi Seishin"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of the r˘nin Yaegaki Monz˘ [casting].
3rd lunar month of 1859: his father Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V dies.
7th lunar month of 1859: Gonjűr˘ plays for the first time the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Kanjinch˘", which is staged at the Ichimuraza; the roles of Togashi and Yoshitsune are played by Ichikawa Kodanji IV and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III.
9th lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's Kiyomoto-based dance "Jitsugetsusei Chűya no Oriwake", commonly called "Ryűsei". The leading roles are played by Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Ichikawa Kodanji IV and Gonjűr˘.
7th lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hachiman Matsuri Yomiya no Nigiwai" (commonly called "Chijimiya Shinsuke"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Shinzabur˘ [casting].
3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Tadanobu Rihei [casting].
9th lunar month of 1868: his adoptive father Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VI is killed by a thief.
9th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Momoyama Monogatari", commonly called "Jishin Kat˘" ("Earthquake Kat˘"); Gonnosuke plays the leading role of Kat˘ Kiyomasa. This drama is a first experiment, which foreshadows the katsureki plays.
September 1873: Kawarasaki Gonnosuke VII takes the name of Kawarasaki Sansh˘.
July 1874: reopening of the Kawarasakiza; Kawarasaki Sansh˘ takes the prestigious name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (not holden for 20 years) in his rebuilt family theater, playing the roles of Bingo no Sabur˘, Wada Masat˘ and Kusunoki Masanari in the drama "Shinbutai Iwao no Kusunoki". Premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Kawatake Kinsaku I's Nagauta-based dance-drama "Kotobuki Ninin Sh˘j˘"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of a sh˘j˘ [more details].
October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Sasagawa K˘jűr˘, Nomura Kuranoshin (in reality thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon) and ďzakaya Kihachi (in reality the thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon) [casting].
June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono" [casting]; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune. Premiere in the same theater of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which is staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of a Ky˘gen performer and Gunnai [casting].
January 1885: two dances are staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Danjűr˘ are staged. The sanbas˘ is staged with Ichikawa Sadanji I (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sanbas˘). This is also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].
26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Danjűr˘, Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Sadanji I.
July 1890: premiere at the Shintomiza of "Kiyomasa Seichűroku", a revised version of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1875 drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki". It was part of a special 2-day gala program starring Danjűr˘; he plays the roles of Kat˘ Kiyomasa and Tokugawa Ieyasu [more details]. He also plays in this gala program the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the bombastic drama "Ya-no-Ne".
March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and the carpenter Rokuz˘ [casting].
March 1893: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's Nagauta-based dance "Shunky˘ Kagami Jishi". The roles of Yayoi and the spirit of the Lion are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. His two daughters play the roles of the butterflies.
November 1897: Danjűr˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Fujiwara no Shihei in "Shihei no Nana Warai", which is the second act of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű" revised by Fukuchi ďchi.
April 1899: Danjűr˘ plays for the last time the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Kanjinch˘", which is staged at the Kabukiza; the roles of Togashi and Yoshitsune are played by Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Metora II.
March 1903: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kichirei Soga no Ishizue", which is produced to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune [casting].
13 September 1903: Danjűr˘ dies in T˘ky˘.
Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Sadanji I). He spent lots of time and energy pioneering a new genre called katsureki but the T˘ky˘ audience was more receptive to his amazing performances in the great roles of Kabuki like ďboshi Yuranosuke ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane ("Kumagai Jin'ya"), Sukeroku ("Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura") or Benkei ("Kanjinch˘").
"Ichikawa Danjűr˘, the ninth, was the torch-bearer of Kabuki during the long reign of the Emperor Mutsuhito, known as the Meiji era, which endured for forty-five years ( 1868-1912). Danjűr˘, the ninth, was the bridge that spanned the sudden gulf which yawned between the traditional past and the uncertain and changing modern world. He may be regarded as the saviour of Kabuki during a period when it might have suffered shipwreck, had there not been a man of genius at the helm to guide the craft through the troubled waters." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
En travaillant les profiles psychologiques et Úmotionnels de ses hÚros et en exigeant de ses auteurs (Kawatake Mokuami, Fukuchi ďchi) un effort intense en terme de vÚracitÚ historique, il crÚe un nouveau genre, le katsureki (abrÚviation de katsud˘ rekishi, ź l'histoire vivante ╗). Le public ne suit pas et boude le Katsureki, dont les piŔces sont souvent terriblement ennuyeuses. Amer, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX dÚclare en 1893 : ź les crÚations de ce genre [katsureki] me donnent un mal fou alors que les spectateurs n'y prennent aucun plaisir. Pourtant, lorsque je monte une piŔce du vieux rÚpertoire, je n'ai qu'Ó prendre une belle pose pour que, comblÚs, ils Úclatent en applaudissements. Alors puisque c'est comme ša, les crÚations d'ťuvres nouvelles, maintenant ša suffit, basta ! ╗ (source : Le Kabuki devant la modernitÚ).
The Ichikawa Jukai line of actors
The Kawarasaki Ch˘jűr˘ line of actors
The Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ line of actors
The Kawarasaki Gonnosuke line of actors
The Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors
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