ICHIKAWA DANJ█Rď IX

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
Kawarazaki Sansh˘
Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII
Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ I
Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ III

Other name: Ichikawa Jukai II

Guild: Naritaya

Line number: KUDAIME (IX)

Poetry names: Sansh˘, Jukai (2), Shisen, Danju

Existence: 1838 ~ 13 September 1903

Connection:

Great-great-great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I

Great-great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Danjűr˘ II)

Great-great-grandfather: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Danjűr˘ IV)

Great-grandfather: Ichikawa Hakuen I (Danjűr˘ V)

Father: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII (Ebiz˘ V)

Brothers : Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VIII, Ichikawa Komaz˘ VI, Ichikawa Saruz˘ I, Ichikawa K˘z˘

Adoptive father: Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VI

Son-in-laws: Ichikawa Sansh˘ V (Danjűr˘ X), Ichikawa Shinnosuke V

Daughters: Ichikawa Suisen II, Ichikawa Kyokubai II

Disciples: Ichikawa Monnosuke VI, Ichikawa Chűsha VII, Ichikawa Shinz˘ V, Ichikawa Gangyoku II, Ichikawa Raiz˘ V, Ichikawa Gonjűr˘, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ V, Ichikawa Saruz˘ III, Ichikawa Masusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Masuz˘ III, Ichikawa Kimitar˘, Ichikawa Dan'emon I, Ichikawa Dan'emon II, Ichikawa Sh˘z˘ III, Ichikawa Shinjűr˘ II, Ichikawa Shinjűr˘ III, Ichikawa Danshir˘ II, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ VI, Ichikawa Hakotora II

Granddaughter: Ichikawa Suisen III

Career:

1838 ~ 1844: born in Edo in the district of Sakai-ch˘. Fifth son of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, his mother is not the legal wife of his father. He is adopted by Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VI, the head of the Kawarazakiza.

1st lunar month of 1845: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Kawarazakiza, where he receives the name of Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1852: Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ III takes the name of Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ I, playing the role of Hatsushima Gor˘ in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

2nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1855: the Ansei earthquake (Ansei Daijishin) ravages Edo; the Kawarazakiza is completely destroyed. Gonjűr˘ moves to the Ichimuraza.

7th lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ami Moy˘ T˘ro no Kikukiri" (commonly called "Kozaru Shichinosuke"); Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Ob˘ Kichisa and the priest Ky˘shin [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama is now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Ushiwaka Denji and Kinokuniya Bunzaemon [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kosode Soga Azami no Ironui" (commonly called "Izayoi Seishin"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of the r˘nin Yaegaki Monz˘ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1859: his father Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V dies.

7th lunar month of 1859: Gonjűr˘ plays for the first time the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Kanjinch˘", which is staged at the Ichimuraza; the roles of Togashi and Yoshitsune are played by Ichikawa Kodanji IV and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's Kiyomoto-based dance "Jitsugetsusei Chűya no Oriwake", commonly called "Ryűsei". The leading roles are played by Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Ichikawa Kodanji IV and Gonjűr˘.

1st lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa Kuruwa no Hatsugai"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Ob˘ Kichisa [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kagamiyama Gonichi no Iwafuji"; Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Hasebe Tatewaki and Taga no Tairy˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hachiman Matsuri Yomiya no Nigiwai" (commonly called "Chijimiya Shinsuke"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Shinzabur˘ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Tadanobu Rihei [casting].

9th lunar month of 1868: his adoptive father Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VI is killed by a thief.

3rd lunar month of 1869: Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ I takes the name of Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII at the Ichimuraza and becomes zagashira.

9th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Momoyama Monogatari", commonly called "Jishin Kat˘" ("Earthquake Kat˘"); Gonnosuke plays the leading role of Kat˘ Kiyomasa. This drama is a first experiment, which foreshadows the katsureki plays.

10th lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's zangirimono "Tsuki no En Masu no Igaguri"; Gonnosuke plays the role of Yosabur˘ [casting].

March 1873: premiere at the Murayamaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Taiko no Oto Chiyű Sanryaku"; Gonnosuke plays the roles of Sakai Saemon, Okabe Nagashige and Torii Tadamoto [casting].

September 1873: Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII takes the name of Kawarazaki Sansh˘.

July 1874: reopening of the Kawarazakiza; Kawarazaki Sansh˘ takes the prestigious name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (not holden for 20 years) in his rebuilt family theater, playing the roles of Bingo no Sabur˘, Wada Masat˘ and Kusunoki Masanari in the drama "Shinbutai Iwao no Kusunoki".

October 1874: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kumo no Ueno San'e no Sakumae"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of K˘chiyama S˘shun [casting].

May 1875: Danjűr˘, a talented actor but a poor zamoto, gives up the management of the Kawarazakiza and goes on tour in the J˘shű and Yashű pronvinces.

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Sasagawa K˘jűr˘, Nomura Kuranoshin (in reality thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon) and ďzakaya Kihachi (in reality the thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon) [casting].

16 July 1879: Danjűr˘ takes part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's masterpiece "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of K˘chiyama S˘shun [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of a Ky˘gen performer and Gunnai [casting].

October 1881: premiere at the Harukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kiwametsuki Banzui Ch˘bŕ"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Banzui Ch˘bŕ [casting].

November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Mochizuki Akira [casting].

November 1882: Danjűr˘ plays at the Saruwakaza the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the bombastic "Ya-no-Ne" scene.

May 1883: Danjűr˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of the deity Fud˘ My˘˘, an important symbol for the Naritaya guild, in the drama "Hashi Kuy˘ Bonji no Mongaku".

November 1884: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's katsureki drama "H˘j˘ Kudai Meika no Isaoshi"; Danjűr˘ plays the role of H˘j˘ Takatoki [casting].

January 1885: two dances are staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Danjűr˘ are staged. The sanbas˘ is staged with Ichikawa Sadanji I (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sanbas˘). This is also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].

November 1885: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Funa Benkei"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Shizuka Gozen and the spirit of Taira no Tomomori [casting].

26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Danjűr˘, Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Sadanji I.

October 1887: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's matsubamemono "Momijigari"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Princess Sarashina and the ogress of Mount Togakushi [casting].

November 1889: Danjűr˘ becomes zagashira at the newly-built Kabukiza.

July 1890: Danjűr˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the bombastic "Ya-no-Ne" scene.

March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Danjűr˘ plays the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and the carpenter Rokuz˘ [casting].

October 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the matsubamemono "Su˘ Otoshi", starring Danjűr˘ and Nakamura Fukusuke IV in the roles of Tar˘kaja and the Princess.

March 1893: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's Nagauta-based dance "Shunky˘ Kagami Jishi". The roles of Yayoi and the spirit of the Lion are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. His two daughters play the roles of the butterflies.

November 1893: Danjűr˘ takes part in the opening ceremony of the Meijiza [more details].

October 1897: premiŔre of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "ďmori Hikoshichi" at the Meijiza; Danjűr˘ plays the role of ďmori Hikoshichi [casting].

November 1897: Danjűr˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Fujiwara no Shihei in "Shihei no Nana Warai", which is the second act of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű" revised by Fukuchi ďchi.

April 1899: Danjűr˘ plays for the last time the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Kanjinch˘", which is staged at the Kabukiza; the roles of Togashi and Yoshitsune are played by Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Metora II.

March 1903: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kichirei Soga no Ishizue", which is produced to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI; Danjűr˘ plays the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune [casting].

May 1903: Danjűr˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, where he plays the roles of Ofuku no Kata, Kasuga no Tsubone and Tokugawa Ieyasu in the drama "Kasuga no Tsunone".

13 September 1903: Danjűr˘ dies in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Sadanji I). He spent lots of time and energy pioneering a new genre called katsureki but the T˘ky˘ audience was more receptive to his amazing performances in the great roles of Kabuki like ďboshi Yuranosuke ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane ("Kumagai Jin'ya"), Sukeroku ("Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura") or Benkei ("Kanjinch˘").

"Ichikawa Danjűr˘, the ninth, was the torch-bearer of Kabuki during the long reign of the Emperor Mutsuhito, known as the Meiji era, which endured for forty-five years ( 1868-1912). Danjűr˘, the ninth, was the bridge that spanned the sudden gulf which yawned between the traditional past and the uncertain and changing modern world. He may be regarded as the saviour of Kabuki during a period when it might have suffered shipwreck, had there not been a man of genius at the helm to guide the craft through the troubled waters." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

En travaillant les profiles psychologiques et Úmotionnels de ses hÚros et en exigeant de ses auteurs (Kawatake Mokuami, Fukuchi ďchi) un effort intense en terme de vÚracitÚ historique, il crÚe un nouveau genre, le katsureki (abrÚviation de katsud˘ rekishi, ź l'histoire vivante ╗). Le public ne suit pas et boude le Katsureki, dont les piŔces sont souvent terriblement ennuyeuses. Amer, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX dÚclare en 1893 : ź les crÚations de ce genre [katsureki] me donnent un mal fou alors que les spectateurs n'y prennent aucun plaisir. Pourtant, lorsque je monte une piŔce du vieux rÚpertoire, je n'ai qu'Ó prendre une belle pose pour que, comblÚs, ils Úclatent en applaudissements. Alors puisque c'est comme ša, les crÚations d'ťuvres nouvelles, maintenant ša suffit, basta ! ╗ (source : Le Kabuki devant la modernitÚ).

The actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX playing the role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the bombastic drama "Shibaraku", which belong to the Kabuki Jűhachiban (print made by Torii Kiyosada)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Yoshitsuya in 1862

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1863

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1871

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1871

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1873

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1877

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1881

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1882

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1887

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

Print made by Torii Kiyosada

The Ichikawa Jukai line of actors

The Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ line of actors

The Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ line of actors

The Kawarazaki Gonnosuke line of actors

The Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors

 
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