ICHIKAWA CH█SHA VII

Stage names:

Ichikawa Chűsha VII
Nakamura Tsurujűr˘
Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII
Nakayama Tsurugor˘
Onoe Tsunejir˘

Real name: Hashio Kamejir˘

Guild: Tachibanaya

Line number: SHICHIDAIME (VII)

Poetry name: Chűsha (7)

Existence: 1860 ~ 12 July 1936

Connections:

Masters: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Nakayama Kiraku III, Onoe Tamiz˘ II

Adopted son: Ichikawa Chűsha VIII

Disciple: Ichikawa Nakajir˘

Career:

1860 ~ 1864: born in Ky˘to in the district of Daikoku-ch˘. His father Hashio Kyűhei, who is a pawnbroker, gives him the name of Kamejir˘. He becomes disciple of the actor Onoe Tamiz˘ II, who gives him the name of Onoe Tsunejir˘.

Spring 1864: he makes his first stage appearance, within the precinct of the Fushimi Inari shrine in Ky˘to, performing in the play "Suzuki Mondo".

1864 ~ 1875: Tsunejir˘ joins a travelling troupe and performs up to Ise. He meets in Nagoya the actor Nakayama Kiraku III, becomes his disciple and receives the name of Nakayama Tsurugor˘. He becomes quickly the zagashira of a children-actors troupe.

Spring 1875: Tsurugor˘ settles in T˘ky˘.

July 1879: Tsurugor˘ becomes disciple of the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and takes the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII at the Saruwakaza, performing in the play "Chűk˘ Somewake Tazuna".

November 1879: Yaoz˘ moves back to Kamigata; he plays the roles of Rokur˘ and Kat˘ Kiyomasa in the plays "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki" and "Ch˘sen K˘fuku Ja no Me Natsu", which are staged at the Kadoza.

23 May 1880: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Arimatsuzome Sum˘ Yukata"; Yaoz˘ plays the roles of Onogawa's disciple Hachijin Ch˘hachi and Chűz˘ [more details].

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Hiraoka Jiemon [casting].

March 1882: he performs temporarily under the name of Nakamura Tsurujűr˘ at the Takashimaza, a minor theater in ďsaka, and takes back the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII the following month at the Kadoza.

Fall 188?: Yaoz˘ moves back to T˘ky˘.

January 1890: Yaoz˘ plays at the Harukiza the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki". His stage partners in the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna are Nakamura Fukuen and Ichikawa Ennosuke I.

March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Yaoz˘ plays the roles of Minamoto no Yoritomo and the carpenter Edo Shigenari [casting].

September 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Z˘ho Onna Narukami"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Sakuma Genba [more details]. He also achieves a great success by playing the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Fujiwara no Shihei in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

December 1891: Yaoz˘ takes part in the shűmei of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ III at the Harukiza; he performs in the plays "Fushimi no Tokiwa", "Chűshingura Meimeiden" and "Toshi no Ichi Kuruwa no Uchiiri".

January 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Shiobara Tasuke Ichidaiki"; Yaoz˘ plays the roles of the r˘nin Shiobara Kakuemon and Hara Tanji [casting].

July 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kaidan Botan D˘r˘", adapted for Kabuki from a famous Rakugo story created by San'yűtei Ench˘; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Miyanobe Genjir˘ [casting].

October 1894: Yaoz˘ plays at the Harukiza the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the play "Sodehagi Saimon". His stage partners are Ichikawa Kuz˘ III (Sadat˘), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ III (Sodehagi) and Ichikawa Kien (Yoshiie).

October 1900: Yaoz˘ plays at the Masagoza the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi".

March 1901: Yaoz˘ plays at the Masagoza the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki".

February 1903: Yaoz˘ plays at the T˘ky˘za the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Onoe and Ohatsu are performed by Onoe Eizabur˘ V and Ichimura Kakitsu VI.

March 1903: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kichirei Soga no Ishizue", which is produced to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon [casting].

April 1904: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mori ďgai's drama "Nichiren Sh˘nin Tsujisepp˘", in which Yaoz˘ plays the role of the priest Nichiren.

June 1904: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Meiboku Kasane Monogatari"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Yoemon [casting].

January 1906: Yaoz˘ plays at the Kabukiza the roles of the villains Lady Yashio and Nikki Danj˘ in the classic "Meiboku Sendai hagi". The role of Masaoka is played by Onoe Baik˘ VI.

November 1908: revival at the Kabukiza of the Kabuki Jűhachiban drama "Kagekiyo"; Yaoz˘ plays the role of Iwanaga Saemon Munetsura [casting].

May 1909: Yaoz˘ plays at the Suehiroza (Nagoya) the role of Yosabur˘ in the drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi". The roles of Otomi and K˘mori Yasu are played by Nakamura Shikan V and Ichikawa Danz˘ VII.

May 1913: Yaoz˘ plays at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the roles of Motoemon and Mansuke in the drama "Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Iori), Nakamura Shibajaku IV (Genjir˘) and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I (T˘ma).

January 1915: Yaoz˘ plays at the Hong˘za the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

December 1915: Yaoz˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Onoe and Ohatsu are performed by Nakamura Utaemon V and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

October 1918: great shűmei at the Kabukiza; Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII takes the name of Ichikawa Chűsha VII by playing the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Toki-ha Ima Kiky˘ no Hataage". His adopted son Ichikawa Matsuo I takes the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII. Chűsha is one of the haimy˘ used by the Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors and Ichikawa Chűsha VII is the first actor to use it as a stage name.

May 1919: Chűsha plays at the Kabukiza the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki".

February 1922: Chűsha plays at the Shintomiza the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Onoe and Ohatsu are performed by Nakamura Utaemon V and Onoe Baik˘ VI.

November 1923: Chűsha plays at the Minamiza in Azabu (T˘ky˘) the role of Matsu˘maru in the "Terakoya" scene of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The roles of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo and Takebe Genz˘ are played by Band˘ Shűch˘ III and Kataoka Ichiz˘ IV. This is the first kabuki performance to be staged in T˘ky˘ after the terrible earthquake that hit the city the 1st of September 1923.

January 1924: Chűsha plays at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ (K˘be) the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

January 1926: Chűsha plays at the Hong˘za the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon". The role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Nakamura Kichiemon I.

May 1926: Chűsha plays at the Asakusa Sh˘chikuza the role of Abe no Sadat˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara". His stage partners are Band˘ Shűch˘ III (Sodehagi), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII (Munet˘) and Ichimura Kamez˘ III (Yoshiie).

January 1927: Chűsha plays at the Kabukiza the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon". The role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

February 1927: Chűsha plays at the Nakaza (ďsaka) the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumiuchi" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". The role of Kojir˘/Atsumori is played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

July 1927: Chűsha plays for the last time the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the play "Ehon Taik˘ki", which is staged at the Kabukiza.

December 1928: Chűsha plays at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the role of Nikki Danj˘ in the "Yuka Shita" scene of the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi". The role of Arajishi Otokonosuke is played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII.

March 1929: Chűsha plays at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ the role of Togashi in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘" His stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ VI (Benkei) and Ichikawa Sansh˘ V (Yoshitsune).

May 1930: Chűsha plays at the Kabukiza in T˘ky˘ the role of Kakuju in the "D˘my˘ji" scene of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Sukune Tar˘ and Tatsuta no Mae are played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Band˘ Shűch˘ III.

June 1930: Chűsha plays at the Nakaza (ďsaka) the role of Nikki Danj˘ in the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi". The roles of Arajishi Otokonosuke and Hosokawa Katsumoto are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

December 1931: Chűsha collapses on the Kabukiza stage. He is very ill and has to rest for a few years.

October 1935: Chűsha appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Nichiren and Kiichi H˘gen in the dramas "Nichiren J˘nin Tatsu no Kuchi H˘nan" and the "Kikubatake" scene of the drama "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".

Comments:

Ichikawa Chűsha VII was a very talented tachiyaku, rigorously trained by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, whose fields of excellence were the roles of jitsugoto and bud˘goto.

Ichikawa Chűsha VII's best roles: Takechi Mitsuhide ("Ehon Taik˘ki" and "Toki-ha Ima Kiky˘ no Hataage"), Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") and Nikki Danj˘ ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"). The kata which he created for the role of Mitsuhide are still used nowadays.

Ichikawa Chűsha VII playing the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1925)

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1892

The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors

 
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