NAKAMURA GANJIRď I

Stage names:

Nakamura Ganjir˘ I
Jitsukawa Ganjir˘
Jitsukawa Tamatar˘

Real name: Hayashi Tamatar˘

Other name: Yoshida Tamatar˘

Guild: Narikomaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Kikaku, Senjaku

Existence: 6th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1860 ~ 1 February 1935

Connections:

Father: Nakamura Kanjaku III

Master: Jitsukawa Enjaku I

Sons: Nakamura Ganjir˘ II, Hayashi Mataichir˘ II

Son-in-law: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV

Grandsons: Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV (Nakamura Ganjir˘ III), Nakamura Kikaku I

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Ganjir˘ IV, Nakamura Senjaku III, Nakamura Kikaku II

Great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar˘, Nakamura Toranosuke

Disciples: Hasegawa Kazuo, Nakamura Kaisha, Nakamura Sh˘jaku, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ V, Kamimura Kichiya V, Ichikawa Hakotora II

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

1860 ~ 1872: born in ďsaka in the district of Shinmachi (a pleasure quarter). His mother is Otae, the daughter of the owner of the prestigious ageya ďgiya, the most respected establishment in Shinmachi. His father is the young actor Arashi Kakuz˘ I, married to Otae on the condition that he would retire from acting and take care of the ageya business. His mother's family separates him from his father (who returns to stage) at the age of three and the ďgiya goes bankrupt at the beginning of the Meiji era.

1872: the dance master Yamamura Tomogor˘ II introduces him to the actor Jitsukawa Enjaku I, who accepts to train him.

8th lunar month of 1872: he takes the name of Jitsukawa Tamatar˘.

May 1873: Jitsukawa Tamatar˘ takes the name of Jitsukawa Ganjir˘.

1875 ~ 1877: Ganjir˘ leaves temporarily the Kabuki world to become a Bunraku puppeteer called Yoshida Tamatar˘.

1877: reunion with his father Nakamura Kanjaku III.

March 1878: he takes the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, playing with his father in the drama "Seinan Yume Monogatari", which is staged in ďsaka at the Ebisuza.

June 1881: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Otomi in the drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi"; the role of Yosabur˘ is played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ II.

June 1882: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kojir˘, Atsumori and Yoshitsune in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

December 1882: tour in Kuwana; Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakajimaza.

October 1884: Ganjir˘ plays at the Ebisuza (ďsaka) the role of Hayase Genjir˘ in the drama "Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Iori), Arashi Rikan IV (Motoemon), Jitsukawa Enjaku I (Yasuke, K˘emon) and Ichikawa Aragor˘ III (T˘ma).

February 1885: Ganjir˘ plays for the first time the role of Kamiya Jihŕ, in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", staged in ďsaka at the Ebisuza; the roles of Koharu and Magoemon are played by Arashi Rik˘ and Arashi Kichisabur˘ V.

January 1886: Ganjir˘ plays for the first time the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai", which is staged in ďsaka at the Tenma no Shibai.

February 1886: Ganjir˘ plays at the Ebisuza the role of Magoemon in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Kamiya Jihŕ is played by Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ III.

December 1886: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also performs as a singer during the "Sushiya" scene, in duo with Ichikawa Udanji I as a shamisen player.

October 1888: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza the role of Otomi in the drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi"; the role of Yosabur˘ is played by Ichikawa Udanji I.

April 1889: Ganjir˘ plays in ďsaka at the Naniwaza the roles of Masaoka and Ohan in the dramas "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami"; the role of Ohan's lover Ch˘emon is played by Nakamura S˘jűr˘.

October 1889: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the roles of Koganosuke and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

March 1890: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Jűjir˘ in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki"; the role of Mitsuhide is played by Ichikawa Udanji I.

April 1890: Ganjir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Rokusuke is played by Nakamura Fukusuke III.

May 1890: Ganjir˘ goes to T˘ky˘ for the first time in his career and achieves a great success at the Shintomiza by playing the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

July 1890: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the roles of Ohan and Ch˘kichi in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami"; the role of Ohan's lover Obiya Ch˘emon is played by Nakamura Fukusuke III.

October 1890: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kinsh˘jo in the drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen"; the roles of Wat˘nai and Kanki are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Band˘ Kakitsu I.

November 1890: short tour in Sendai with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. Then, Ganjir˘ goes to Nagoya and plays at the Suehiroza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

December 1890: Ganjir˘ is back in Ky˘to.

January 1891: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Sakuramaru and Takebe Genz˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

March 1891: Ganjir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partner in the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ is Kataoka Gad˘ III.

December 1891: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Tokiwaza the roles of Ohan and Ch˘kichi in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami"; the role of Ohan's lover Obiya Ch˘emon is played by Nakamura Fukusuke III. Ganjir˘ also plays the role of Jűjir˘ in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki".

January 1892: Ganjir˘ plays for the first time the role of Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Kado Gekij˘; he also plays in the same drama 3 others roles (Ono Sadakur˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Sagisaka Bannai). Ganjir˘ also plays the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

March 1893: Ganjir˘ and Onoe Kikugor˘ V perform together at the Kadoza in the drama "Benten Koz˘"; Ganjir˘ plays the role of Tadanobu Rihei.

May 1893: Ganjir˘ plays the role of T˘kichi (Mashiba Hisayoshi) in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which is coproduced by both the Kadoza and the Naniwaza. The roles of Princess Yuki and Matsunaga Daizen are played by Arashi Gansh˘ and Kataoka Gad˘ III.

February 1894: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Tokiwaza the roles of S˘ma Tar˘, Oryű and Tadanobu in "S˘ma Tar˘", "Sanjűsangend˘ Munagi no Yurai" and "Kitsune Tadanobu".

May 1894: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kadoza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Onoe Taminosuke.

November 1894: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the roles of Yuranosuke (replacing Kataoka Gad˘ III), Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura". He also plays the roles of Toraz˘ and Kuzu-no-Ha in the jidaimono "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki" and "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

January 1895: Ganjir˘ plays for the first time the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is staged in ďsaka at the Bentenza; the role of Otoku, Matahei's wife, is played by Onoe Taminosuke.

May 1895: Ganjir˘ plays at the Bentenza the roles of Karaki Masaemon and Tamaya Shinbŕ in the dramas "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" and "Sannin Shinbŕ" ("The Three Shinbŕ"); the roles of Matsuo Shinbŕ and Demura Shinbŕ are played by Kataoka Ichiz˘ III and Nakamura Fukusuke III.

December 1895: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" and "Ninokuchi-mura" scenes of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Magoemon are played by Arashi Gansh˘ and Arashi Kichisabur˘ V.

September 1896: Ganjir˘ plays for the first time the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which is staged at the Naka Gekij˘; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Arashi Gansh˘ and Nakamura Naritar˘ I.

November 1896: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

November ~ December 1896: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Jűjibŕ and Iwafuji in the dramas "Ch˘ Chidori Soga Monogatari", "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" ("Hikimado") and "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

November ~ December 1897: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; he also plays at the Minamiza (Ky˘to) the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and Magoemon in the dramas "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata" and "Shinjű Ten no Amijima".

March 1898: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai".

June 1898: the play "R˘ben Sugi no Yurai", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in February 1887 in ďsaka, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time and staged at the Minamiza; Ganjir˘ plays the role of the priest R˘ben [more details].

July 1898: Ganjir˘ plays at the Misonoza (Nagoya) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Naritar˘ I and Nakamura Fukusuke III. He also plays the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Nakamura Fukusuke III and Nakamura Naritar˘ I.

September 1898: Ganjir˘ plays at the Aioiza (K˘be) the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" (same casting as the July performance).

March 1899: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Tokiwaza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

February 1900: Ganjir˘ plays in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa, Oen and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Arashi Gansh˘, Nakamura Masajir˘ II and Onoe Taminosuke.

October 1900: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Magoemon, in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", which is staged at the Nakaza.

January 1901: Ganjir˘ plays in K˘be at the Aioiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

March 1902: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV.

June 1902: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV.

September 1903: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI and Nakamura Tamashichi II.

December 1903: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI and Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I.

October 1904: Ganjir˘ plays in ďsaka at the Bentenza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" and "Ninokuchi-mura" scenes of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa, Tanbaya Hachiemon and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Tamashichi II, Onoe Uzabur˘ II and Arashi Rikaku IV.

July 1905: Ganjir˘ plays in ďsaka at the Bentenza the role of Yoshitsune in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". The role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane is played by Nakamura Shikan V.

November 1905: Ganjir˘ plays in ďsaka at the Bentenza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

December 1905: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Kabukiza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

October 1906: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Onoe Baik˘ VI. He also plays the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV and Onoe Baik˘ VI.

December 1906: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Arashi Gansh˘ and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ V.

February 1907: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the roles of Kameya Chűbŕ and Magoemon in the "Fűin Giri" and "Ninokuchi-mura" scenes of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Arashi Gansh˘ and Nakamura Fukusuke III.

January 1908: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

December 1908: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima".

October 1909: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata". He also plays the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Shikan V and Ichikawa Ennosuke I.

November 1909: Ganjir˘ plays at the Suehiroza (Nagoya) the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

January 1910: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naka Gekij˘ the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

February 1910: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza (K˘be) the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata". He also plays the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ V.

June 1910: tour in Fukuoka, Kumamoto and Kokura; Ganjir˘ plays the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

July 1910: tour in Hiroshima; Ganjir˘ plays the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

November 1910: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Tanbaya Hachiemon in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Kameya Chűbŕ and Umegawa are played by Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I and Nakamura Naritar˘ I.

May 1911: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV.

July 1911: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Nakamura Baigyoku II and Onoe Baik˘ VI.

December 1911: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV and Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

January 1912: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV and Ichikawa Ichiz˘ IV.

March 1912: Ganjir˘ plays in Hamamatsu at the Kabukiza and in Nagoya at the Suehiroza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" and "Ninokuchi-mura" scenes of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV.

May 1912: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Naritar˘ I and Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

January 1914: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

November 1914: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII.

December 1914: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Shibajaku IV and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII.

January 1915: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

October 1915: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

December 1915: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima". He also plays the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

February 1916: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Nakamura Utaemon V. Ganjir˘ also plays the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

June 1916: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Danshir˘ II.

December 1916: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

March 1917: Ganjir˘ plays in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

April 1917: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima".

March 1918: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Nakamura Baigyoku II and Nakamura Kaisha.

November 1918: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Nakamura Baigyoku II.

February 1919: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha. Ganjir˘ also plays the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

May 1919: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza the role of Katsuyori in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘". His stage partners in the roles of Princess Yaegaki and Nureginu are Nakamura Jakuemon III and Nakamura Kaisha.

October 1919: premiere at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) of Kikuchi Kan's drama "T˘jűr˘ no Koi", based on the life of the star Sakata T˘jűr˘ I. Ganjir˘ and Nakamura Fukusuke IV play the roles of T˘jűr˘ and Okaji.

November 1919: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Onoe Tamiz˘ III and Nakamura Kaisha.

December 1919: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Jakuemon III and Nakamura Baigyoku II. He also plays the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" (same casting as the November performance).

January 1920: Ganjir˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

February 1920: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

April 1920: Ganjir˘ plays in Tokushima at the Shintomiza and in K˘be at the Chű˘ Gekij˘ the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Ichikawa Ichiz˘ IV and Nakamura Kaisha.

April 1921: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

June 1921: Ganjir˘ plays at the Chű˘ Gekij˘ (K˘be) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Nakamura Baigyoku II.

December 1921: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Jakuemon III.

January 1922: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

October 1922: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu, Osan and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Jakuemon III, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Ichiz˘ IV.

November 1922: Ganjir˘ plays at the Shintomiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu, Osan and Gozaemon are played by Nakamura Jakuemon III, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ VII.

June 1923: Ganjir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Minamiza and in Gifu at the Sh˘chikuza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu, Osan and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Jakuemon III, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Ichiz˘ IV.

February 1924: Ganjir˘ plays in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

May 1924: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

June 1924: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

October 1924: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Ichikawa Ichiz˘ IV and Nakamura Kaisha.

November 1924: Ganjir˘ plays at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ (K˘be) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima".

December 1924: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

January 1925: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

March 1925: Ganjir˘ plays at the Misonoza (Nagoya) and at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ (K˘be) the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

December 1925: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

January 1926: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

April 1926: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

November 1926: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Ichikawa Chűsha VII.

February 1927: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

March 1927: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Nakamura Kaisha.

June 1927: Ganjir˘ plays at the Yachiyoza (K˘be) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima".

December 1927: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Onoe Baik˘ VI.

March 1928: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

May 1928: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

June 1928: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

November 1928: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu, Osan and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Kaisha, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Jitsukawa Enjaku II.

April 1929: Ganjir˘ plays in ďsaka at the Nakaza and in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Ohaya are played by Jitsukawa Enjaku II and Nakamura Kaisha.

June 1929: Ganjir˘ plays at the Yachiyoza (K˘be) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima". He also plays for the last time the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" (same stage partners as the April performance).

November 1929: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

January 1930: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Ninokuchi-mura" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the roles of Umegawa and Magoemon are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Kataoka Nizaemon XI.

March 1930: Ganjir˘ plays in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

May 1930: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the "D˘my˘ji" scene of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The roles of Kakuju, Sukune Tar˘ and Tatsuta no Mae are played by Ichikawa Chűsha VII, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Band˘ Shűch˘ III.

August 1930: Ganjir˘ plays in Nagoya at the Misonoza the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

September 1930: Ganjir˘ plays in K˘be at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

January 1931: Ganjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

March 1931: Ganjir˘ plays at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ (K˘be) the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

June 1931: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

November 1931: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Onoe Baik˘ VI.

December 1931: Ganjir˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono".

January 1932: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is staged at the Nakaza (ďsaka); the role of Otoku, Matahei's wife, is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

February 1932: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai", which is staged at the Nakaza; the roles of Umegawa and Tanbaya Hachiemon are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Jitsukawa Enjaku II.

October 1932: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the roles of Kameya Chűbŕ and Magoemon in the "Ninokuchi-mura" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai", which is staged at the ďsaka Kabukiza; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV. Ganjir˘ also plays the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

January 1933: Ganjir˘ plays at the Kabukiza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

March 1933: Ganjir˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Shigure no Kotatsu" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the roles of Koharu and Osan are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

November 1933: Ganjir˘ plays at the Misonoza (Nagoya) the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima"; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV. He also plays for the last time the role of Jűjibŕ in the "Hikimado" scene of the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

December 1933: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Kamiya Jihŕ, in the "Kawash˘" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; the role of Koharu is played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV.

June 1934: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ Tameshi no Wagimono", which is staged in ďsaka at the Kabukiza.

November 1934: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which is staged at the Daimy˘ Koya Gekij˘ (Nagoya).

December 1934: Ganjir˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Minamiza, playing the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna are played by Nakamura Fukusuke VI and Nakamura Kichiemon I.

February 1935: Ganjir˘ dies; for the first time in Japan, an extra newspaper edition is published at the death of an actor.

Comments:

"After his father died, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I was looked after by his teacher Jitsukawa Enjaku I, and by Nakamura S˘jűr˘ [...] In 1890 Ganjir˘ was praised when he appeared together with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. It is said that Ganjir˘ was Enjaku, S˘jűr˘ and Danjűr˘ impersonated and the fact remains that he was the only actor who was able to so completely absorb the art and style of the leading actors in T˘ky˘ and ďsaka. Later, Ganjir˘ mostly performed the roles of young lovers but he also acted in a wide range of others roles including onnagata and roles of various unsavory characters. In addition, he tried acting in the dramatized novels serialized in the newspapers, political plays, Shinpa and revivals. His inquiring and enterprising spirit with an underlying realism, and his picture-like beauty undoubtedly made him a favorite of the time [...] Ganjir˘, according to the famous poet Kishimoto Suifu is the epitome of a young lover." (Ishibashi Ken'ichir˘ in "Senjaku Kamigatagei to Chikamatsu")

"He follows the natural school founded by Sakata T˘jűr˘ of Ky˘to, and like this Genroku actor, one of his favourite r˘les is that of Izaemon, the lover of Yűgiri, in the Chikamatsu drama. Born the son of an actor, but unfortunate in his family circumstances, he is self-made, and by many is considered the first actor of Japan. He is the last of the fine old yakusha; in the Meiji period he had already won a high place for himself, appearing with the three T˘ky˘ stars, Ichikawa Danjűr˘, Ichikawa Sadanji, and Onoe Kikugor˘, and to-day he dominates the D˘tonbori, the theatre quarter of ďsaka." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

"Nakamura Ganjir˘ I in his latter years kept his image as an actor of young lovers but he did not limit himself to the classic roles [...] he was also enthusiastic about performing new dramas which were extensions of the wagoto style as well as performing in revivals." (Ishibashi Ken'ichir˘ in "Senjaku Kamigatagei to Chikamatsu")

Nakamura Ganjir˘ I gathered his best roles in a collection called Ganjir˘ Jűnikyoku (Ganjir˘'s 12 pieces): "Kawash˘", "Shigure no Kotatsu", "Fűin Giri", "Koi no Mizuumi", "Daianji Zutsumi", "Akanezome", "Goban Taiheiki", "Tsuchiya Chikara", "Wankyű Sue no Matsuyama", "T˘jűr˘ no Koi", "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" and "Hikimado".

Nakamura Ganjir˘ I playing the role of Kamiya Jihŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" (print made by Yoshikawa Kanp˘ in 1923)

Print made by Yamamura Toyonari in 1920

The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors

 
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