|ICHIKAWA SADANJI I|
Ichikawa Sadanji I
Real name: Takahashi Eiz˘
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Sh˘ch˘ (1)
Existence: 28th day of the 10th lunar month of 1842 ~ 7 August 1904
Adoptive father: Ichikawa Kodanji IV
Son: Ichikawa Sadanji II
Daughter: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ I
Son-in-law: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II
1842: born in ďsaka. His father Nakamura Seikichi is a theater hair-dresser.
1848: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Kado no Shibai, where he receives the name of Ichikawa Tatsuz˘.
1851: he becomes disciple of the actor Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Koyone I.
1862: Ichikawa Koyone I takes the name of Ichikawa Sh˘jaku I.
1864: he is adopted by Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Sadanji I. The two actors go together to Edo.
1865: his adoptive father Ichikawa Kodanji IV dies.
2nd lunar month of 1867: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's new year sogamono "Keisei Soga Kuruwa Kagami", in which was premiered the drama "Oshizu Reiza"; Sadanji plays the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘, Ushijima Chikara and the uekiya Yanagishima no Matsu [more details].
10th lunar month of 1872: Sadanji takes part in the opening ceremony of the Shintomiza.
January 1875: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďgi By˘shi ďoka Seidan" (commonly called "Ten'ichib˘"); Sadanji played the roles of Yoshida Sangor˘ and Yamanouchi Iganosuke [casting].
February 1879: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ningen Banji Kane no Yo no Naka"; Sadanji played the roles of Sunada Utsuz˘ and the rice merchant Takayasu Tokushir˘ [casting].
June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono" [casting]; Sadanji plays the role of Danzabur˘ (Gor˘'s retainer). Premiere in the same theater of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which is staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Sadanji plays the role of Hirai Yasumasa [casting].
January 1885: two dances are staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX are staged. The sanbas˘ is staged with Sadanji (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sanbas˘). This is also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].
February 1885: Sadanji takes part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Sadanji plays the roles of Ogiwara Ry˘saku and the rickshaw Sangor˘ [casting].
26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Sadanji, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Onoe Kikugor˘ V.
March 1890: premiere at the Kiriza of Takeshiba Kisui's drama "Kami no Megumi Wag˘ no Torikumi"; Sadanji plays the roles of Kitadashi Kisabur˘ and the sum˘tori Kuryűzan Namiemon (previously named Mizuhiki Seigor˘) [more details].
July 1890: premiere at the Shintomiza of "Kiyomasa Seichűroku", a revised version of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1875 drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki". It was part of a special 2-day gala program starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX; Sadanji plays the role of Sakakibara Yasumasa [more details].
March 1899: premiere at the Meijiza of the drama "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki", which gathers the main scenes from the sukerokumono part of Kawatake Shinshichi II's 1858 drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; Sadanji plays the roles of the bant˘ Gonkur˘ and Sukeroku [casting].
May 1904: Sadanji appears on stage for the last time, at the Meijiza, where he plays the role of the fisherman Yat˘ta in Matsui Sh˘˘'s drama "Tekikoku K˘fuku".
Ichikawa Sadanji I belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Onoe Kikugor˘ V). He was the leading actor of many shinkabuki dramas and worked on scripts written by authors who did not belong to the Kabuki world, like Matsui Sh˘˘, or adapted contemporary popular novels, like K˘da Rohan's "Hige Otoko". His two most successful roles were Marubashi Chűya and Baba Saburobei in "Keian Taiheiki" and "ďsakazuki".
"At first he was a poor actor, and gave no sign of a promising career. Mokuami, the playwright, assisted him greatly by providing him with new plays and furnishing him with advice, and so great was his advancement that he was able to hold his own with Danjűr˘ and Kikugor˘" (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
The actor Ichikawa Sadanji I playing the role of Sakuz˘ in the drama "Sato no Haregi Momiji no Uchikake", which was staged in April 1901 at the Meijiza (print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai)
The Ichikawa Sadanji line of actors
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