ICHIKAWA SADANJI I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Sadanji I
Ichikawa Sh˘jaku I
Ichikawa Koyone I
Ichikawa Tatsuz˘

Real name: Takahashi Eiz˘

Guild: Takashimaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Sh˘ch˘ (1)

Existence: 28th day of the 10th lunar month of 1842 ~ 7 August 1904

Connections:

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Kodanji IV

Brothers: Nakamura Jusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Arajir˘ I

Son: Ichikawa Sadanji II

Daughter: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ I

Son-in-law: Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II

Disciples: Ichikawa Sash˘ I, Ichikawa Sash˘ II, Ichikawa Sh˘jaku II, Ichikawa Ensh˘ III, Ichikawa Enjo, Ichikawa Enjűr˘, Ichikawa Wakamatsu, Ichikawa Kudanji II

Career:

1842: born in ďsaka. His father Nakamura Seikichi is a theater hair-dresser.

1848: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Kado no Shibai, where he receives the name of Ichikawa Tatsuz˘.

1851: he becomes disciple of the actor Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Koyone I.

1862: Ichikawa Koyone I takes the name of Ichikawa Sh˘jaku I.

1864: he is adopted by Ichikawa Kodanji IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Sadanji I. The two actors go together to Edo.

1865: his adoptive father Ichikawa Kodanji IV dies.

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Keian Taiheiki". The leading role of Marubashi Chűya is played by Sadanji.

10th lunar month of 1872: Sadanji takes part in the opening ceremony of the Shintomiza.

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Sadanji plays the roles of Asahino Yagor˘, Karagi Wasuke and Aranami Kajinosuke [casting].

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Sadanji plays the role of the tobi Tsukimi no Bunji [casting].

16 July 1879: Sadanji takes part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's masterpiece "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana"; Sadanji plays the role of Kaneko Ichinoj˘ [casting].

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono"; Sadanji plays the role of Hara Saisuke, in reality Baba Saburobei [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo"; Sadanji plays the role of Hirai Yasumasa [casting].

November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami"; Sadanji plays the role of Matsushima Senta [casting].

June 1882: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Imay˘ Mochizuki" (commonly called "Mochizuki"); Sadanji plays the role of Mochizuki Saemon Akinaga [casting].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Sadanji plays the role of Yagyű Tajima-no-Kami [casting].

April 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Ibaraki"; Sadanji plays the role of Watanabe Genji Tsuna [casting].

January 1885: two dances are staged at the Chitoseza, about to reopen in February 1885 with a new name. From the 4th to the 7th of January, two auspicious dances and a k˘j˘ with the troupe led by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX are staged. The sanbas˘ is staged with Sadanji (Okina), Band˘ Kakitsu I (Senzai) and Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sanbas˘). This is also the premiere of the Nagauta-based dance-drama "Tsuru Kame" [more details].

February 1885: Sadanji takes part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Sadanji plays the roles of Ogiwara Ry˘saku and the rickshaw Sangor˘ [casting].

November 1885: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Funa Benkei"; Sadanji plays the role of Benkei [casting].

26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Sadanji, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

October 1887: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's matsubamemono "Momijigari"; Sadanji plays the role of Taira no Koremochi [casting].

May 1888: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame"; Sadanji plays the role of Sano Jir˘zaemon [casting].

March 1890: premiere at the Kiriza of Takeshiba Kisui's drama "Kami no Megumi Wag˘ no Torikumi"; Sadanji plays the roles of Kitadashi Kisabur˘ and the sum˘tori Kuryűzan Namiemon (previously named Mizuhiki Seigor˘) [more details].

October 1890: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modoribashi"; Sadanji plays the role of Watanabe Genji Tsuna [casting].

November 1892: Sadanji becomes the zagashira of the Ichimuraza, which is rebuilt in the district of Shitaya.

November 1893: opening ceremony of the Meijiza, rebuilt and managed by Sadanji [more details].

October 1898: premiere at the Meijiza of Takeshiba Kisui's dance-drama "Sannin Katawa"; Sadanji plays the role of the crawling cripple [casting].

March 1899: premiere at the Meijiza of the drama "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki", which gathers the main scenes from the sukerokumono part of Kawatake Shinshichi II's 1858 drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; Sadanji plays the roles of the bant˘ Gonkur˘ and Sukeroku [casting].

May 1904: Sadanji appears on stage for the last time, at the Meijiza, where he plays the role of the fisherman Yat˘ta in Matsui Sh˘˘'s drama "Tekikoku K˘fuku".

Comments:

Ichikawa Sadanji I belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Onoe Kikugor˘ V). He was the leading actor of many shinkabuki dramas and worked on scripts written by authors who did not belong to the Kabuki world, like Matsui Sh˘˘, or adapted contemporary popular novels, like K˘da Rohan's "Hige Otoko". His two most successful roles were Marubashi Chűya and Baba Saburobei in "Keian Taiheiki" and "ďsakazuki".

"At first he was a poor actor, and gave no sign of a promising career. Mokuami, the playwright, assisted him greatly by providing him with new plays and furnishing him with advice, and so great was his advancement that he was able to hold his own with Danjűr˘ and Kikugor˘" (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

The actor Ichikawa Sadanji I playing the role of Sakuz˘ in the drama "Sato no Haregi Momiji no Uchikake", which was staged in April 1901 at the Meijiza (print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai)

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1874

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1881

Print made by Morikawa Chikashige in 1882

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1883

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1900

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1901

The Ichikawa Sadanji line of actors

 
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