|ONOE KIKUGORď V|
Onoe Kikugor˘ V
Onoe Baik˘ V
Line number: GODAIME (V)
Poetry names: Baik˘ (5), Kakitsu (4)
Existence: 4th day of the 6th lunar month of 1844 ~ 18 February 1903
Father: Ichimura Takenoj˘ V
Brother: Band˘ Kakitsu I
11th lunar month of 1848: he makes his first appearance on stage, receiving the name of Ichimura Kur˘emon.
1st lunar month of 1851: the actors Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Ichimura Kur˘emon respectively take the names of Ichimura Takenoj˘ V and Ichimura Uzaemon XIII; the new Uzaemon becomes the manager of the Ichimuraza.
3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Uzaemon plays the role of Benten Koz˘ [casting].
Spring 1863: Ichimura Uzaemon XIII takes the name of Ichimura Kakitsu IV.
3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Nakamuraza of "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Segawa Jok˘ III of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi"; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Karakotoya Tanjir˘ [casting].
7th lunar month of 1872: Kikugor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Oiwa Inari Rish˘ no Tamagushi" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon is played by Nakamura Shikan IV.
June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which is staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ III; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the priest Chichű and the spirit of the ground spider [casting].
November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubei", a revision of Tsuruya Namboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubei Ikoku Banashi"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei, Dainichimaru, the tepp˘ smith Kakuz˘, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Shiba Saemon Yoshiteru [casting].
October 1884: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Yomoshichi in the drama "Katamigusa Yotsuya Kaidan" (similar to Tsuruya namboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan"); the role of Iemon is played by Kataoka Gad˘ III.
February 1885: Kikugor˘ takes part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Funazu K˘bei and the thief Kotengű Y˘jir˘ [casting].
26 April 1887: the emperor views Kabuki for the first time at the residence of Inoue Kaoru, the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The casting includes the three leading stars Kikugor˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I.
April 1890: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Hitotsuya"; Kikugor˘ plays the leading role of the old woman Ibara.
November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubei" is used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei, Dainichimaru, Fuwa Banzaemon and the zat˘ Tokuichi [casting].
July 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kaidan Botan D˘r˘", adapted to Kabuki from a famous Rakugo story created by San'yűtei Ench˘; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Tomoz˘ and Oyone's ghost [casting]. Premiere also in the same theater of the dance "Makura Jid˘", which stars Kikugor˘ in the role of Kikujid˘.
November 1902: Kikugor˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kinai, Shizue and Benten K˘z˘ Kikunosuke in the drama "Chűshin Kanagaki K˘shaku".
18 February 1903: Kikugor˘ dies.
Onoe Kikugor˘ V belonged to the triumvirat of stars who dominated the Kabuki world during the Meiji era (the two others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Ichikawa Sadanji I). He created with Kawatake Mokuami a new genre called zangirimono.
Onoe Kikugor˘ V's best roles: Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke ("Shiranami Gonin Otoko"), Kataoka Naojir˘ ("Naozamurai"), Kamiyui Shinza ("Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘"), Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori ("Sanemori Monogatari"), Sat˘ Tadanobu/the fox Genkur˘ ("Yoshitsune Sembon Zakura"), Gosho no Goroz˘ ("Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"), Hayano Kampei ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Masaoka ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi"), Oiwa/Kohei/Yomoshichi ("T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan").
Onoe Kikugor˘ V gathered his favourite dance-dramas in a collection named shinko engeki jűsshu: "Rakan", "Kodera no Neko" (these 2 items were performed for the first time by his grandfather Onoe Kikugor˘ III), "Tsuchi Gumo", "Ibaraki", "Hitotsuya", "Modoribashi", "Kikujid˘" and "Hagoromo". His son Onoe Kikugor˘ VI completed later on the collection by adding "Migawari Zazen" and "Osakabe Hime".
"He succeeded to the headship of the Onoe family, ranked with the ninth Danjűr˘, and in some respects surpassed him. It was in drama of everyday life that Kikugor˘ most excelled, the sentimental and realistic having the greatest appeal for him." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
Onoe Kikugor˘ V playing the role of Benten Koz˘ in the drama "Yoko Shimada Kanoko Furisode", whose plot and character belong to "Shiranami Gonin Otoko" world and which was performed in June 1889 at the Moritaza (print made by Toyohara Kunichika)
The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors
The Ichimura Kakitsu line of actors
The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors
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