ONOE KIKUNOSUKE II

Stage names:

Onoe Kikunosuke II
Onoe Sh˘k˘
Onoe Kikunosuke II

Real name: Terashima Hidesaku

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Existence: 1868 ~ 28 June 1897

Connection:

Adoptive father: Onoe Kikugor˘ V

Career:

1868: born in Edo in the district of Muk˘jima.

1870: he is adopted by Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1871: he makes his debut at the Nakamuraza, where he receives the name of Onoe Kikunosuke II.

June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki"; Kikunosuke plays the role of Tsuruchiyo [casting].

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Kikunosuke plays the role of the daughter of the Naniwaya Oai [casting].

June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo"; Kikunosuke plays the role of Koch˘ [casting].

November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubŕ", a revision of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Kikunosuke plays the role of the yakko Shigez˘ [casting].

February 1885: Kikunosuke takes part in the opening ceremony of the Chitoseza [more details]. Premiere at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Suitengű Megumi no Fukagawa"; Kikunosuke plays the role of K˘bŕ's daughter Oyuki [casting].

March 1886: premiŔre at the Chitoseza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Mekura Nagaya Ume-ga-Kagatobi"; Kikunosuke plays the role of Otami [casting].

1886: quarrel with his adoptive father Onoe Kikugor˘ V.

February 1887: he takes the name of Onoe Sh˘k˘ in ďsaka, where he tries to give a boost to his career.

September 1890: Sh˘k˘ plays at the Kitaza the role of the courtesan Sumizome, in reality the spirit of Komachi's cherry tree, in the dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no Seki no To"; the roles of Sekibŕ/ďtomo no Kuronushi is played by Nakamura Shikan IV.

January 1891: he goes back to T˘ky˘, where he becomes reconciled with his adoptive father Onoe Kikugor˘ V. He takes back the name of Onoe Kikunosuke II.

November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubŕ" is used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza; Kikunosuke plays the role of Sasaki Katsuranosuke [casting].

January 1892: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's drama "Shiobara Tasuke Ichidaiki"; Kikunosuke plays the role of Hara Tanzabur˘ [casting].

February 1897: Kikunosuke appears on stage for the last time, in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Nishikawa S˘zabur˘, Nishio Kazuenosuke and Oshizu in the drama "Gojűsan Tsugi ďgi no Shukuzuke". He also plays the role of Ono no Komachi in the dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no Seki no To". His stage partners in this dance are Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Sumizome, the spirit of Komachi's cherry tree), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (Sekibŕ/ďtomo no Kuronushi) and Ichikawa Somegor˘ IV (Yoshimine Munesada).

28 June 1897: Kikunosuke dies in T˘ky˘; his tombstone is located in the precinct of the Daiunji Temple in the district of Oshiage.

Comments:

Onoe Kikunosuke II was a promising actor of the Otowaya guild, who unfortunately died at the end of his 20s. His life was dramatized in the novel "Zangiku Monogatari" (literally "Late Chrysanthemums"). In this story written by Muramatsu Sh˘fű, Kikunosuke was openly praised for his stage performances, only because he was his father's heir. Otoku, the wet-nurse of his brother, was the only one to be sincere enough to tell Kikunosuke the truth about his performances but she also had faith in his talent. Kikunosuke fell in love with her, but the possible mesalliance provoked the wrath of his adoptive father Onoe Kikugor˘ V. Kikunosuke left the Onoe clan to try to become an accomplished actor by himself in ďsaka, where he struggled for a long time. Thanks to the help of Otoku, he finally became a famous actor and regained the recognition of his adoptive father. This novel became a theatre hit (screenplay written by Iwaya San'ichi) and a movie masterpiece, directed in 1939 by Mizoguchi Kenji.

Onoe Kikunosuke II playing the role of Ono no Komachi in the dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no Seki no To", which was staged in February 1897 at the Kabukiza
(print made by Toyohara Kunichika)

Print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1897

The Onoe Kikunosuke line of actors

 
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