|ICHIKAWA DANSHIRď II|
Ichikawa Danshir˘ II
Real name: Kinoshi Kamejir˘
Line number: NIDAIME (II)
Poetry names: Juen, Sh˘raku
Existence: 21st day of the 7th lunar month of 1855 ~ 6 February 1922
Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
Father: Band˘ Santar˘
Grandsons: Ichikawa Danshir˘ III, Ichikawa Miyosuke, Ichikawa K˘mori II
1855: born in Edo in the district of Asakusa Umamichi. Son of the tateshi Band˘ Santar˘.
1860: he becomes disciple of Ichimura Uzaemon XIII, who gives him the name of Ichimura Nagamatsu.
1862: he becomes disciple de Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, who gives him the name of Band˘ Utasaku.
1868: tour in Kamigata with his master.
1870: he becomes disciple of Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII.
1872: he takes the name of Yamazaki Ennosuke.
1873: Ennosuke plays without his master's permission the prestigious role of Benkei at the Nakajimaza (T˘ky˘) in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘". This is a lese-majesty crime and the sentence is irrevocable: Ennosuke is expelled from the Kawarazaki clan. He has to give up the Yamazaki name and takes the name of Matsuo Ennosuke.
October 1890: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX forgives him and accepts to reintegrate Ennosuke in the Ichikawa clan; he takes the name of Ichikawa Ennosuke I.
March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Ennosuke plays the roles of the plasterer Kyűsaku and Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka [casting]. This is also the celebration of Ennosuke's success at the nadai exam.
January 1896: revival at the Harukiza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari", staged under the title "Noriaibune Eh˘ Manzai", with Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII performing the two comic dancers.
July 1901: premiere at the T˘ky˘za of "Tsuri Onna", the Kabuki version of the ky˘gen "Tsuribari", originally written in 1883 by Kawatake Mokuami (lyrics) and Kishizawa Shikisa VI (music) and revised for the stage by Takeshiba Shinkichi. It stars Ennosuke and Nakamura Kangor˘ XII in the roles of Tar˘kaja and the ugly girl.
April 1910: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Yuki no Yűbe Iriya no Azemichi", a few scenes taken from "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana" focusing on Kataoka Naojir˘ and his lover Michitose and staged independently from the rest of the play; Ennosuke plays the role of Kaneko Ichinoj˘ [casting].
October 1910: Ichikawa Ennosuke I and his son Ichikawa Danko I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Danshir˘ II and Ichikawa Ennosuke II at the Kabukiza. The two actors play together in the drama "Kiri Hitoha" and the long-forgotten bombastic drama "Kamahige". The name Danshir˘ was not held since 1695. The new Danshir˘ revives the yag˘ Omodakaya.
September 1919: premiere at the Kabukiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Sumidagawa" (a N˘ adapted for Kabuki by Yamazaki Shik˘ with a musical accompaniment made by Kiyomoto Umekichi II); Danshir˘ plays the role of the boatman [casting].
Ichikawa Danshir˘ II was a talented actor, the founder of an original line of actors. He excelled in both dances and jidaimono dramas (especially the gidayű ky˘gen). He rebelled against the Kabuki feudal system and his expulsion from the Ichikawa clan led him to walk his own way in koshibai or on tour in provinces. He was finally reintegrated in ˘shibai and helped to fight the existing discrimination against koshibai actors.
Ichikawa Danshir˘ II playing the role of Henmei Tesshinai in a print made by Yamamura Toyonari in 1919
The Ichikawa Ennosuke line of actors
The Ichikawa Danshir˘ line of actors
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