|ICHIKAWA EN'ď I|
Real name: Kinoshi Masayasu
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Existence: 21 May 1888 ~ 12 June 1963
Father: Ichikawa Danshir˘ II
May 1888: born in T˘ky˘ in the district of Asakusa Senzoku.
October 1892: first stage appearance, at the Kabukiza, where he receives the name of Ichikawa Danko I and plays a child role in the drama "Seki-ga-Hara Homare no Gaika".
1909: Danko joins the Jiyű Gekij˘ troupe ("Free Theatre" in English) led by Ichikawa Sadanji II.
October 1910: Ichikawa Danko I and his father Ichikawa Ennosuke I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Ennosuke II and Ichikawa Danshir˘ II at the Kabukiza. The two actors play together in the drama "Kiri Hitoha" and the long-forgotten bombastic drama "Kamahige".
1919: Ennosuke travels to Europe and to the USA to study theatre and dance abroad. This eye-opening trip leads him to become involved in the creation of new productions.
September 1919: premiere at the Kabukiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Sumidagawa" (a N˘ adapted for Kabuki by Yamazaki Shik˘ with a musical accompaniment made by Kiyomoto Umekichi II), inspired by Russian ballets. Ennosuke plays the role of the wandering woman Hanjo-no-Mae, desesparately looking for her abducted son Umewakamaru along the Sumida River [casting].
1920: creation of the first Shunjűza, a study group, whose main advisors are the playwright Osanai Kaoru and the actor Ichikawa Sadanji II. The first program of the Shunjűza is staged in October at the Shintomiza and is made up of Tanizaki Jun'ichir˘'s "H˘seiji Monogatari", Kikuchi Kan's "Chichi Kaeri" and Okamoto Kid˘'s "Nadate Kuzure". The star of this program is Ennosuke, supported by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI, Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VIII, Ichikawa K˘jaku IV and Ichikawa Sash˘ II.
June 1924: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the Nagauta-based ky˘gen "Akutar˘", which is adapted for Kabuki by Okamura Shik˘, with a choreography and a musical accompaniment made by Hanayagi Jusuke II and Kineya Sakichi IV. The leading role of Akutar˘ is played by Ennosuke [more details].
November 1927: premiere at the Hong˘za of Kimura Tomiko's dance "K˘ya Monogurui" (a N˘ drama adapted for Kabuki), which mixes Nagauta and Gidayű musical accompaniments. The leading role of K˘shi no Shir˘ is played by Ennosuke.
September 1928: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kimura Tomiko's Tokiwazu-based dance "Koma", with a choreography and a musical accompaniment made by Hanayagi Jusuke II and Tokiwazu Mojibei III. The leading role is played by Ennosuke.
February 1929: premiere at the Meijiza of Kimura Tomiko's Nagauta-based dance "Nomitori Otoko", with a choreography and a musical accompaniment made by Hanayagi Jusuke II and Kineya Sakichi IV. The leading role is played by Ennosuke.
September 1930: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "T˘ryű Azuma Bunsh˘"; Ennosuke plays the roles of Tsurigane no Gonsuke and Shinobu no S˘ta [casting].
January 1931 ~ April 1932: second Shunjűza, led by Ennosuke.
April 1934: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of Kimura Tomiko's Tokiwazu-based dance "Hanami Yakko", with a choreography and a musical accompaniment made by Hanayagi Jusuke II and Tokiwazu Mojibei III. The leading role of the yakko is played by Ennosuke.
September 1939: premiere at the Meijiza of Kimura Tomiko's dance "Kokaji" (a N˘ drama adapted for Kabuki), which mixes Nagauta and Gidayű musical accompaniments. The leading role of the God Inari is played by Ennosuke.
October 1955: first Kabuki tour in the Popular Republic of China, in Beijing (2~13 october), Shanghai (17~18 october) and Guangzhou (24~25 october); Ennosuke plays the roles of Benkei and Matahei in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘" [casting]. Ennosuke has the opportunity to meet the stars of the Chinese Traditional Opera like the famous Mei Lan-Fang.
May 1963: great shűmei at the Kabukiza for the Omodakaya guild; Ichikawa Ennosuke II, Ichikawa Danko III and Ichikawa Kamejir˘ I respectively take the names of Ichikawa En'˘ I, Ichikawa Ennosuke III and Ichikawa Danko IV.
12 June 1963: En'˘ dies.
Ichikawa En'˘ I was a revolutionary and dynamic actor, who created many new dances.
Ichikawa En'˘ I's best dance-dramas were gathered in 1964 by his grandson Ichikawa Ennosuke III in a special collection named En'˘ Jűshu: "Akutar˘", "Kurozuka", "K˘ya Monogurui", "Kokaji", "Koma", "Ninin Sanbas˘", "Nomitori Otoko", "Hanami Yakko", "Yoi Yakko" and "Yoshinoyama".
Ichikawa En'˘ I playing the role of the ogress in the dance-drama "Kurozuka" (oil painting made by Hasegawa Noboru in 1958)
The Ichikawa Danko line of actors
The Ichikawa Ennosuke line of actors
The Ichikawa En'˘ line of actors
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