SAKATA TďJ█Rď IV

Stage names:

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV In Japanese
Nakamura Ganjir˘ III In Japanese
Nakamura Senjaku II In Japanese

Real name: Hayashi Hirotar˘

Guild:

Yamashiroya (T˘jűr˘'s years)
Narikomaya (Senjaku/Ganjir˘'s years)

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Birthday: 31 December 1931

Connections:

Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III

Grandfather: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I

Father: Nakamura Ganjir˘ II

Sons: Nakamura Kanjaku V, Nakamura Senjaku III

Grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar˘, Nakamura Toranosuke

Career:

October 1941: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Kadoza, receiving the name of Nakamura Senjaku II and playing in the drama "Yamamba".

July 1951: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Senjaku plays the role of Kyűya's wife Kiku [casting].

January 1953: Senjaku plays for the first time the role of Ohan in the play "Obiya", which is performed at the ďsaka Kabukiza.

August 1953: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű" at the Shimbashi Embuj˘; Senjaku plays the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu [more details].

June 1954: Senjaku plays for the first time in ďsaka the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is performed at the ďsaka Kabukiza; the role of Hiranoya Tokubei is played by Nakamura Ganjir˘ II.

January 1955: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Naniwa no Ashi"; Senjaku plays the role of Mayumi [casting].

February 1955: Izumi Ky˘ka's drama "Tenshu Monogatari" is staged for the first time with Kabuki actors, at the Kabukiza; Senjaku plays the role of Princess Kame [casting].

July 1955: premiere at the T˘h˘ Takarazuka Gekij˘ of Uno Nobuo's drama "M˘moku Monogatari"; Senjaku plays the role of Ochacha/Yodogimi.

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Senjaku plays the role of Lady Nadeshiko [casting]. Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Senjaku plays the role of the courtesan Otomi [casting].

January 1967: revival at the National Theatre of "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; Senjaku plays the roles of Bun'ya Toyohide and the koshimoto Makiginu [casting].

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Senjaku plays the role of Sasano Gonza [casting].

May 1973: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Horikawa Nami no Tsuzumi" to commemorate the 249th anniversary (250th memorial service) of the playwright; Senjaku plays the role of Hikokur˘'s wife Otane [casting].

April 1976: revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes the National Theatre of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Senjaku plays the roles of the courtesan Hanatachibana, Ogiku and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

August 1980: revival at the National Theatre of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa"; Senjaku plays the role of Danshichi Mohei [casting].

May 1982: foundation of the Chikamatsuza, a touring troupe led by Senjaku and dedicated to the production of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's plays. The first tour presents the play "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", in which Senjaku plays the role of Kamiya Jihei. His stage partners are Sawamura T˘jűr˘ (Koharu), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ (Magoemon) and Sawamura Tanosuke (Osan).

October 1983: second Chikamatsuza tour in T˘ky˘, ďsaka and K˘be. Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamamba" in which he plays the roles of Oginoya Yaegiri and Yamamba.

May 1984: third Chikamatsuza tour in T˘ky˘ and ďsaka; Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku", in which he plays the role of Yohei.

September 1985: fourth Chikamatsuza tour in 6 cities; Senjaku produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Meido no Bikyaku", in which he plays the role of Kameya Chűbei.

November 1990: Nakamura Senjaku II takes the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ III at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon and the spirit of the lion in the play "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" (the "Yoshidaya" scene) and the dance "Kagami Jishi". His stage partner in the role of Yűgiri in the "Yoshidaya" scene is Onoe Baik˘ VII.

December 1990: Ganjir˘ celebrates his second month of shűmei at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihei and Tsuchiya Chikara in the dramas "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash˘" scene) and "Tsuchiya Chikara". His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in the "Kawash˘" scene is Nakamura Utaemon VI.

January 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrates his first month of shűmei in ďsaka at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Tsuchiya Chikara, the spirit of the Lion and Kamiya Jihei in the drama "Tsuchiya Chikara", the dance "Kagami Jishi" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash˘" scene). His stage partner in the role of Kinokuniya Koharu in the "Kawash˘" scene is Nakamura Utaemon VI.

February 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrates his second month of shűmei at the Nakaza, playing the roles of Kameya Chűbei, the snake disguised as the dancing girl Hanako and the hair-dresser Sanigoroshichi (in fact Asaka Yoichir˘ Haruyoshi) in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" (the "Fűin Giri" scene), the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji" and the drama "Kari no Tayori". The role of the courtesan Umegawa in the "Fűin Giri" scene is played by Kataoka Hidetar˘.

October 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrates his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the role of a little girl, Jűbei and the spirit of the Lion in the dance "Tenaraiko", the "Numazu" scene of the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" and the dance "Kagami Jishi". The roles of Heisaku and Oyone in the "Numazu" scene are played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ and Sawamura T˘jűr˘.

November 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrates his first month of shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihei and Fujiya Izaemon in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Shinjű Ten no Amijima" (the "Kawash˘" scene) and in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘" (the "Yoshidaya" scene). His stage partners in the roles of the courtesans Kinokuniya Koharu ("Kawash˘") and Yűgiri ("Yoshidaya") are Kataoka Hidetar˘ and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

December 1991: Ganjir˘ celebrates his second month of shűmei at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Kameya Chűbei and the snake disguised as the dancing girl Hanako in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" (the "Fűin Giri" scene) and the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji". The role of the courtesan Umegawa in the "Fűin Giri" scene is played by Nakamura Hirotar˘.

1994: Ganjir˘ receives the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (ningen kokuh˘ in Japanese).

15 December 1994: Ganjir˘ joins the prestigious Japan Art Academy (Nihon Geijutsuin).

January 1995: Ganjir˘ plays for the 1000th times, the 16th of January in ďsaka at the Nakaza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Hiranoya Tokubei is played by T˘jűr˘'s son Nakamura Senjaku (who celebrates along with Nakamura Kanjaku his shűmei).

June 1998: great revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Mibu Dainenbutsu" for the 14th Chikamatsuza tour. This plays has not been performed for 296 years !

March 2000: 15th Chikamatsuza tour; Ganjir˘ produces the "Fűin Giri" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai".

June 2000: revival at the Kabukiza of the spectacular hengemono "ďtsue D˘j˘ji"; Ganjir˘ plays the roles of the wisteria maiden, a falcon-handler, a zat˘, a boatman and the ˘tsue demon [more details].

May ~ June 2001: Chikamatsuza tour and several Kabuki seminars in England. Ganjir˘ and his 2 sons (Kanjaku and Senjaku) play in "Tsuri Onna" and "Sonezaki Shinjű" [more details].

June 2003: two-week Chikamatsuza tour in Moscow and St. Petersburg (Russia). Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű" is performed with Ganjir˘ and his son Nakamura Kanjaku in the roles of Tenmaya Ohatsu and Hiranoya Tokubei. "It is very rewarding to perform in Russia, a country full of theater lovers," Ganjir˘ said to some journalists.

May 2004: 3-day Chikamatsuza tour in Beijing (China) with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dances "Tachi Nusubito" and "Fuji Musume". Ganjir˘ plays the role of the Wisteria Maiden in the latter dance.

April 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in Korea with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dance "B˘ Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; Ganjir˘ plays the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

June 2005: Chikamatsuza tour in the USA with Nakamura Kanjaku and Nakamura Kikaku. The program is made up of the dance "B˘ Shibari" and Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; Ganjir˘ plays the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the latter drama [more details].

December 2005: Nakamura Ganjir˘ III takes the name of Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Princess Yaegaki in the dramas "Yűgiri Nagori no Sh˘gatsu", "Sonezaki Shinjű" and "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘". This prestigious name has not been held since the 24th of the 8th lunar month of 1774 (231 years and a few months!).

January 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrates his shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Fujiya Izaemon, Tenmaya Ohatsu and Masaoka in the dramas "Yűgiri Nagori no Sh˘gatsu", "Sonezaki Shinjű" and "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

February 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrates his shűmei in Fukuoka at the Hakataza, playing the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and the 5 roles of the hengemono "ďtsue D˘j˘ji".

July 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrates his shűmei in ďsaka at the Sh˘chikuza, playing the roles of Danshichi Kurobei and the shiraby˘shi Hanako in the drama "Natsu Matsuri" and the dance "Musume D˘j˘ji".

October 2006: T˘jűr˘ celebrates his shűmei at the Misonoza in Nagoya, playing the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and the keisei Yayoi (in reality the spirit of a shishi) in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata" and the dance "Makura Jishi".

May 2007: 18th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour; T˘jűr˘ celebrates his shűmei on the road, playing the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Izaemon's lover, the courtesan Yűgiri, is played by Nakamura Kaishun.

September 2007: 19th edition of the Chikamatsuza tour, in 4 cities in China; T˘jűr˘ plays the roles of Otoku and the Spirit of the Lion in "Domo Mata" and "Hanabusa Shűjaku no Shishi" [more details].

December 2007: T˘jűr˘ celebrates at the Minamiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji". He also plays the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi Saemon are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ and Nakamura Kinnosuke.

March 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrates at the Kabukiza his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji". This production features the rare performance of the oshimodoshi final part of the dance, where T˘jűr˘ appears as a serpent and is pushed back by a powerful hero played in the bombastic aragoto style by Ichikawa Danjűr˘. T˘jűr˘ also plays the double role of Kojir˘/Atsumori in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the roles of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane and Princess Tamaori are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ and Nakamura Kaishun.

June 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrates at the Hakataza (Fukuoka) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

October 2008: T˘jűr˘ celebrates at the Misonoza (Nagoya) his kiju kinen performance, playing the leading role of the great dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji". This performance includes the bombastic oshimodoshi finale, with T˘jűr˘'s elder son Nakamura Kanjaku in the role of the demon-queller.

April 2009: T˘jűr˘ plays for the 1300th times, the 24th of April in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Hiranoya Tokubei is played by T˘jűr˘'s son Nakamura Kanjaku.

Comments:

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV is an outstanding wagotoshi / onnagata and one of the very few actors to preserve the great tradition of the Kamigata Kabuki.

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV's best roles: Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Kamiya Jihei/Koharu ("Shinjű Ten no Amijima" ), Kameya Chűbei/Umegawa ("Fűin Giri"), Oginoya Yaegiri ("Komochi Yamamba"), Kamiya Jihei ("Kuruwa Bunsh˘"), Kuzu-no-Ha ("Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"), Yuranosuke/Kampei/Tonase/Okaru ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Yae/Sakuramaru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Jűjibei ("Hikimado"), Jűbei ("Numazu"), Danshichi Mohei ("Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa") and R˘ben ("R˘ben Sugi no Yurai").

Sakata T˘jűr˘ IV playing the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"
Print courtesy of Paul Binnie (all rights reserved)

The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors

The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors

The Sakata T˘jűr˘ line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News