ICHIKAWA GONJ█Rď

Stage names:

Ichikawa Gonjűr˘
Arashi Rikaku
Arashi Rikaku III
Arashi Yoshisabur˘ 2.3
Arashi Rikimatsu
Arashi Rikimaru I

Real name: Okada Kikusabur˘

Guilds: Yamazakiya (Ichikawa years), Teshimaya (Arashi years)

Poetry names: Rikaku, Rik˘

Existence: 15th day of the 9th lunar month of 1848 ~ 27 March 1904

Connections:

Adoptive father: Arashi Rikaku II

Masters: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX, Arashi Rikan III

Career:

15th day of the 9th lunar month of 1848: born in Ky˘to in a Kabuki-liking family (his father Iseya Kisabur˘ is a government official), he starts to learn traditional dance and music at an early age.

3rd lunar month of 1858: he becomes disciple of the star Arashi Rikan III, who gives him the name of Arashi Rikimaru. He plays the role of Sodehagi's daughter Okimi in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai; the role of Sodehagi is played by Arashi Rikan III.

1858 ~ 1864: he takes the name of Arashi Rikimatsu at an unknown dates and joins a travelling troupe of children-actors performing in miyaji shibai. He goes on tour in both Kyűshű and Shikoku.

21st day of the 4th lunar month of 1863: his master Arashi Rikan III dies.

1864: he is adopted by Arashi Rikaku II and receives the name of Arashi Yoshisabur˘.

14th day of the 7th lunar month of 1864: his adoptive father Arashi Rikaku II dies.

1865: Arashi Yoshisabur˘ takes the name of Arashi Rikaku III.

1866: he quarrels with the widow of Arashi Rikaku II and decides to leave ďsaka.

2nd lunar month of 1867: Rikaku goes to Edo. He changes the writing of his first name:

Original writing for Rikaku New writing
璃珏 璃鶴

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

7th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kichisama Mairu Yukari no Otozure"; Rikaku plays the roles of Kobori Samonnosuke, the Enj˘ji page Kamesabur˘ and It˘ Kichinoshin [casting].

1871: Rikaku is sent to prison because of his involvement in a murder by poisoning. This story is about a notorious dokufu, so-called ôpoison-womanö, who was named Okinu. She was of humble origins but became a famous geisha in Edo. Later, she was nicknamed Yoarashi Okinu (literally Night Storm Okinu). She poisoned with arsenic her current "official" lover, a man named Kobayashi Kinpei, in order to be freely with her new lover, who was none other than Rikaku. The actor was himself involved deeply in the plot; he was arrested and initially condemned to death along with Okinu. Since Okinu was pregnant, however, her execution was postponed. Rikakuĺs sentence was eventually moderated and he served "only" three years in jail. The same clemency did not applied to the murderer; after giving birth, Okinu was finally executed. Her head was cut off and displayed in public for several days. All the details of this poisoning case are well explained in a great article written by Trevor Skingle:
===>The Story of Kabuki Actor Arashi Rikaku and the Geisha Yoarashi Okinu's Murder of Kobayashi Kinpei

1874: Rikaku comes out of prison and goes back to the Kabuki world; he becomes disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX.

October 1874: he takes the name of Ichikawa Gonjűr˘ at the Kawarazakiza, playing the role of Sakurai Shinnoj˘ in Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kumo no Ueno San'e no Sakumae", which is premiered in this theater [casting].

September 1878: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Takeshiba Kinsaku I's drama "Tsűzoku Saiyűki"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Songokű [casting].

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Lord Ii Kamon-no-Kami Naotaka [casting].

October 1881: premiere at the Harukiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kiwametsuki Banzui Ch˘bŕ"; Gonjűr˘ plays the roles of Sakuragawa Goroz˘ and Mizuno Jűr˘zaemon [casting].

November 1884: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's katsureki drama "H˘j˘ Kudai Meika no Isaoshi"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Osaragi Michinoku-no-Kami [casting].

March 1891: premiere at the Kabukiza of Fukuchi ďchi's drama "Buyű no Homare Shusse Kagekiyo", a revised revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's jidaimono "Shusse Kagekiyo"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Hatakeyama Shigetada [casting].

November 1893: Gonjűr˘ takes part in the opening ceremony of the Meijiza [info].

March 1899: premiere at the Meijiza of the drama "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki", which gathers the main scenes from the sukerokumono part of Kawatake Shinshichi II's 1858 drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Torii Shinzaemon [casting].

March 1903: premiere at the Kabukiza of the drama "Kichirei Soga no Ishizue", which is produced to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Onoe Baik˘ VI and Onoe Eizabur˘ VI; Gonjűr˘ plays the role of Kobayashi Asahina Sabur˘ [casting]. This is his last stage performance; victim of a sudden pneumonia, he has to retire.

13 September 1903: his master Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX dies.

27 March 1904: Gonjűr˘ dies in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Ichikawa Gonjűr˘ was a tachiyaku actor, born and trained in Kamigata, who became one of the best disciples of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. His most striking features were great vocal projection, great lines delivery and ... a terrible Kamigata accent. He was also involved in a famous criminal case which led him to the T˘ky˘ jails, where he spent three years. His others notable performances include the roles of Mizuno Jűr˘zaemon ("Yudono no Ch˘bŕ") and Lord Ii Kamon-no-Kami Naotaka ("ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono").

Ichikawa Gonjűr˘ playing the role of Matsudaira Izu-no-Kami in a print made by Toyohara Kunichika

Print made by Utagawa Yoshiiku in 1867

Print made by Y˘shű Chikanobu in 1882

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1891

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1900

Print made by K˘ch˘r˘ H˘sai in 1901

The Arashi Yoshisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Rikaku line of actors

 
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