ARASHI RIKAKU II

Stage names:

Arashi Rikaku II In Japanese
Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Ichitar˘ I In Japanese

Guild: Teshimaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Kak˘, Rikaku (2)

Existence: 1812 ~ 14th day of the 7th lunar month of 1864

Connections:

Masters : Arashi Rikan II (Kitsusabur˘ II), Arashi Kichisabur˘ II (Kitsusabur˘ I)

Adopted sons: Arashi Rikaku III (Ichikawa Gonjűr˘), Arashi Yoshisabur˘ III, Arashi Jűbŕ (father of Arashi Yoshisabur˘ IV)

Disciples: Arashi Rikaku IV, Arashi Rish˘ I

Career:

1812: born in ďsaka. He starts his career as a disciple of Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, who gives him the name of Arashi Ichitar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1821: his master Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I dies. Ichitar˘ becomes disciple of Arashi Kitsusabur˘ II.

1823 ~ 1831: he takes the name of Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II at an unknown date and spends most of his time in travelling troupes performing in the precincts of temples and shrines in the Ky˘to area (miyaji shibai).

11th lunar month of 1831: Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II takes the name of Arashi Rikaku II in Ky˘to. Rikaku was Arashi Rikan II's haimy˘.

6th lunar month of 1836: tour in Miyajima with Arashi Rikan II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Nakamura Karoku I and Asao Kuzaemon II.

1st lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Rikaku plays the roles of Mashiba Hisaaki and Horio Tatewaki [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1839: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Rikaku plays the role of the yakko Irihei [casting].

6th lunar month of 1840: Rikaku plays the role of Fujiwara Naritsune at the Sakai Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". His stage partners are Fujikawa Kayű III (Chidori), Nakamura Shikan III (Tanzaemon Motoyasu) and Ichikawa Danz˘ V (Shunkan).

11th lunar month of 1843: Rikaku plays the role of Shizuka Gozen in the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Ichikawa Suketar˘ at the Chikugo no Shibai; the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Yoshitsune are played by Nakamura Shikan III and Mimasu Tanin IV.

5th lunar month of 1844: Rikaku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri is played by Fujikawa Kayű III. Rikaku also plays the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘ and Kajiwara Kagetoki in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1844: Rikaku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sanza in the drama "Keisei Shina Sadame".

3rd lunar month of 1845: Rikaku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Yasuke in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Nakamura Shibaz˘ I (Motoemon), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon), Sawamura Kit˘ II (Somenoi) and Nakamura Shikan III (Iori).

2nd lunar month of 1847: Rikaku plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Yoshitsune), Ichikawa Kodanji IV (Tadanobu) and Arashi Kichisabur˘ III (Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

5th lunar month of 1847: Rikaku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in Ky˘to in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Kameya Kumenoj˘ and and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű. His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Yoshitsune) and Ichikawa Kodanji IV(Tadanobu).

1st lunar month of 1848: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1849: tour in Nagoya; he performs at the Tachibana no Shibai, playing aong others the roles of Yasuke and Tadanobu in the "Sushiya" and "Yoshinoyama" scenes of the draa "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Osato and Shizuka Gozen are played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1850: Rikaku achieves a great success at the Chikugo no Shibai by playing 4 roles in the drama "Keisei Hana Ikada".

11th lunar month of 1850: Rikaku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sukune Tar˘, Sakuramaru and Takebe Genz˘ ("Terakoya") in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

3rd lunar month of 1851: Rikaku plays at the Sakai Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Kanzaki Yagor˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1851: Rikaku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is produced by Kameya Kumenoj˘ and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű. His stage partners are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II (Sodehagi), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Sadat˘) and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I (Hachiman Tar˘).

8th lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Chikugo no Shibai of the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘"; the role of Sanbas˘ is performed by Rikaku.

2nd lunar month of 1853: Rikaku settles in Edo; he achieves a great success at the Kawarazakiza by performing in the dance "Yanagi no Ito Hikuya Gohiiki", sharing the stage with Band˘ Shűka I and Band˘ Takesabur˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1853: Rikaku plays in the same theater the roles of Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". His stage partners are Band˘ Shűka I (Shizuka Gozen), Band˘ Takesabur˘ I (Yoshitsune) and Arashi Rikan III (Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

11th lunar month of 1853: Rikaku achieves a great success in the same theater by playing the roles of Ushiwakamaru and Oniwakamaru in the classic "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".

Spring 1854: Rikaku goes back to ďsaka; he plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Sukune Tar˘, Jűsaku and the spirit of a white fox in the drama "Tenmangű".

5th lunar month of 1854: Rikaku plays in the same theater the role of Senoo Tar˘ in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". His stage partners are Nakamura Tamashichi I (Chidori) and Ichikawa Danz˘ VI (Shunkan).

11th lunar month of 1854: Rikaku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the thief Nippon Daemon in the drama "Koi no Shiranami".

2nd lunar month of 1855: Rikaku plays the roles of Sat˘ Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘, Kokingo and Kajiwara Kagetoki in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by the zamoto Arashi Kitsunosuke at the Chikugo no Shibai. His stage partners are Arashi San'emon IX (Shizuka Gozen) and Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ IV (Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Igami no Gonta and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan).

1st lunar month of 1856: Rikaku plays in the same theater the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku is played by Arashi Rit˘.

1st lunar month of 1859: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1859: Rikaku plays for the last time the role of Shizuka Gozen iin the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama" and the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai (ďsaka) by the zamoto Nakamura Takemaru. His stage partners are Mimasu Baisha I (Yoshitsune, Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan) and Onoe Tamiz˘ II (Tadanobu).

8th lunar month of 1860: Rikaku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Oiwa, Kohei and Sat˘ Yomoshichi in Tsuruya namboku's drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan".

1st lunar month of 1861: Rikaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent). He is also the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

11th lunar month of 1861: Rikaku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Jihiz˘, Katsuyori and Minosaku in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

7th lunar month of 1864: Rikaku dies in ďsaka the 14th.

Comments:

Arashi Rikaku II was a talented Kamigata actor, able to play almost any kind of tachiyaku roles, either in jidaimono or sewamono dramas. He also performed occasionally onnagata roles and his best one was Shizuka Gozen in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He was an amazing dancer and excelled in hengemono dances. He popularized in Edo the dance "Ayatsuri Sanbas˘", which is still nowadays somehow associated to Kamigata.

Arashi Rikaku II playing the role of Yonekichi in the drama "Rangiku Makura Jid˘", which was staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1862 at the Kado no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Nakai Yoshitaki in 1861

The Arashi Yoshisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Rikaku line of actors

 
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