ARASHI KITSUSABURď I

Stage names:

Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I In Japanese
Arashi Kichisabur˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Kichimatsu (?) [1] In Japanese

Other name:

Arashi Rikan I In Japanese

Nickname: ďrikan (The Grand Rikan)

Guilds: Okajimaya, Mikasaya, Izumiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Rikan

Existence: 1769 ~ 26th day of the 9th lunar month of 1821 [2]

Connection:

Father: Arashi Kichisabur˘ I

Brothers: Arashi Izabur˘ I, Takemoto Nakadayű II

Son: Arashi Yoshisabur˘ I

Disciples: Arashi Yoshisabur˘ II, Arashi Izabur˘ II, Arashi Rik˘ I, Arashi S˘tar˘

Career:

1769: born in ďsaka. Was his first stage name Arashi Kichimatsu or was he only named Hikosabur˘ during his youth? [1]

8th day of the 12th lunar month of 1780 [3]: his father Arashi Kichisabur˘ I died.

1st lunar month of 1784 [4]: he took the name of Arashi Kichisabur˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku"; Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Kisanta (in reality Yazama Jűtar˘) [more details]. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe went to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

Fall 1789: Kichisabur˘ achieved a great success in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater by playing the role of Ume˘maru in the jidaimono "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1791: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced by Kameya Kumenoj˘ and staged in its full length (nine acts) at the Kitagawa no Shibai; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Danshichi Kurobŕ) and Nakamura T˘z˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu, Mikawaya Giheiji).

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Masaki Chikara and the yakko Nunohei [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Kichisabur˘ played the role of Miuranosuke [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Kichisabur˘ played the role of Arad˘maru [casting].

12th lunar month of 1796: Kichisabur˘ played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which is produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi was Arashi Hinasuke II. The same play was performed with the same casting in the 4th lunar month of 1797 in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1799: Kichisabur˘ performed in the kaomise drama "Yunzei T˘ri Yaguruma", which was produced by Fujikawa Katsujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai. He also played the role of Sakon Tar˘ in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners were Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Nakamura Noshio II, Nakayama Ittoku I and Seki Sanjűr˘ I. The troupe moved in the 12th lunar month from the Kado no Shibai to the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to to perform almost the same program.

1st lunar month of 1800: Kichisabur˘ performed at the Kado no Shibai in the new year drama "Keisei Hana no Yamazaki".

9th lunar month of 1800: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater in the dramas "Hade Kurabe Kuruwa Nikki" and "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

10th lunar month of 1800: Kichisabur˘ performed in the same theater in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

4th lunar month of 1801: Kichisabur˘ performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to in the drama "Ehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1801: Kichisabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Mukai Kinzaemon and Kishida Rokusuke in the drama "Yamato Kotoba Suikoden", which was produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘; the role of the smuggler Kezori was played by Asao Tamejűr˘ I.

10th lunar month of 1801: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Honda Dainaiki and Matsuno Kinsuke in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

11th lunar month of 1801: Kichisabur˘ performed in the kaomise drama "ďt˘ no Miya Asahi no Kachidoki", which was produced by ďtani Toraz˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1801: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Karigane Bunshichi in the drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane"; his stage partners were ďtani Tomoemon II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Asao Okujir˘ I (Hotei Ichiemon) and Mimasu Daigor˘ III (An no Heibei).

6th lunar month of 1802: Kichisabur˘ played at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai in ďsaka the roles of Yuranosuke, Fuwa Kazuemon and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Ehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan and Okaru were played by Arashi Izabur˘ I and Arashi Kichisabur˘ II and Kan˘ Minshi I.

Summer 1802: the play "Ehon Taik˘ki" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, produced by Arashi Sankichi at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kichisabur˘ played the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1803: Kichisabur˘ performed in the kaomise drama "Hatsu Yagura Kogane no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio III at the Kado no Shibai. The troupe moved to the Kita no Shinchi Shibai in the 12th lunar month to perform the same program for 10 days.

1st lunar month of 1804: Kichisabur˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Tsukushi no Gonroku in the drama "Keisei Hako Denju".

3rd lunar month of 1804: Kichisabur˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the farmer Nosaku in the drama "Katakiuchi Tanba no Uwasa".

4th lunar month of 1805: Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Sasaki Moritsuna and Miuranosuke in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was produced by Arashi Torasabur˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III (Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori), Kan˘ Minshi I (Kagaribi), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Mimy˘) and Morita Kan'ya IX (H˘j˘ Tokimasa). The same play was performed with the same casting in the 5th lunar month in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1806: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kanpei in the drama "Iroha Uta Homare no Meiboku".

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya for a troupe led by Kichisabur˘, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Sawamura Tanosuke II and Nakayama Bungor˘ I; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in dramas like "Keisei Sakura no Shima", "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", "Hirakana Seisuiki", "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi" or "Komochi Yamanba".

8th lunar month of 1806: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was produced by Asao Tamesabur˘ in ďsaka at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1807: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Yoshikawa Saemon in the drama "Keisei Hanabusa Z˘shi", which was produced by Asao Okujir˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1807: Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Kamatari, Shibaroku and Soga no Iruka in the drama "Onna Teikin Yamato Kotoba" (script similar to "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"), which was staged in the same theater.

1st lunar month of 1808: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Rokuji Namuemon in the drama "Keisei Inazuma Z˘shi", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai of the drama "Kuni Namari Futaba no Oizuru"; Kichisabur˘ played the role of Awa no Jűrobŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Kichisabur˘ played the role of the warrior Tametomo in the play kaomise drama "Shima Meguri Tsuki no Yumihari", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1809: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Odaki Jinnai and Aoyagi Danj˘ in the drama "Keisei Itako Bushi".

8th lunar month of 1809: Kichisabur˘ played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Iwakawa Jirokichi in the drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was staged at the ďnishi no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1809: Kichisabur˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Ueda Keijir˘ in the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which was produced by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and starred Nakayama Hyakka, Yoshizawa Ayame V, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Tadotsu Ikkaku and Hashitomi Ry˘suke [casting].

4th ~ 5th lunar months of 1810: tour in Nagoya with Nakamura Daikichi I; Kichisabur˘ performed in the dramas "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", "Irogawase Kuruwa ďrai" and "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which were staged in the precincts of the Inari Sann˘ Shrine.

1st lunar month of 1811: Kichisabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Gofukuya Jűbŕ (Jűbŕ the dry goods dealer) and Sasaki Tan'emon in the drama "Keisei Ekiro no Ume", with plot and characters belonging to the "Igagoe" world.

4th lunar month of 1811: Kichisabur˘ played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Iwakawa Jirokichi in the drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Tetsugadake was Asao Kuzaemon I.

7th lunar month of 1811: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Kamei Tar˘ in the drama "Yűzű Dainenbutsu".

9th lunar month of 1811: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Iida Tamon-no-Kami in the drama "Iroha Gura Mitsugumi Sakazuki".

10th lunar month of 1811: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which is staged in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai; his stage partner in the role of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori was ďtani Tomoemon II. The same play was performed with the same casting in the 11th lunar month in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1812: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Yukihira in the drama "Yamato Uta Tsukimi no Matsu", which was staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partner in the role of Yukihira's lover Matsukaze was Kan˘ Minshi I.

1st lunar month of 1813: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Enshűya Iheiji in the drama "Ane Im˘to Date no ďkido".

4th lunar month of 1813: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Funakoshi Jűemon in the drama "Yaegasumi Naniwa no Hamaogi". He also played the role of Ono no T˘fű in "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

1st lunar month of 1814: Kichisabur˘ played the roles of Miyagi Asojir˘ and Okitsu no Nisa in the drama "Keisei Tsukushi no Tsumagoto", which was staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai. This was the first performance in Kabuki history of a play based on the "Asagao Nikki" world [casting].

4th lunar month of 1814: "Keisei Tsukushi no Tsumagoto" was staged with the same casting in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

8th lunar month of 1814: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kaiya Zenkichi and the monkey trainer Yojir˘ in the dramas "Kamikakete Chikai no Tsumagushi" and "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi". He also played the roles of Mashiba Hisayoshi and Oda Harudaka in the play "Hira-ga-Dake Yukimi no Jindate".

11th lunar month of 1814: Kichisabur˘ moved to Ky˘to to participate in the Kitagawa no Shibai kaomise program. He played the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon and Matsuno Kinsuke in the drama "Tsugi Awase Ekiro no Ume", with plot and characters belonging to the "Igagoe" world.

1st lunar month of 1815: Kichisabur˘ performed in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1815: tour in Nagoya with Arashi Izabur˘ I and Matsushima Gizaemon; Kichisabur˘ performed in the dramas "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri" and "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi", which were staged within the temple Seijuin.

9th lunar month of 1815: Kichisabur˘ played the role of Kowari Dennai in the drama "Katakiuchi Ura no Asagiri", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1816: Kichisabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Akizuki Daizen and the yakko Tsumahei in the drama "Sono no Yuki Koi no Kumidai", with plot and characters belonging to the "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari" world.

8th lunar month of 1816: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Aburaya Yohei in the drama "Aburauri Kuruwa Monogatari".

9th lunar month of 1816: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Sasahara Hayato in the drama "Koi Momiji Ogura Shikishi".

11th lunar month of 1816: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

1st lunar month of 1817: Kichisabur˘ moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of Sutewakamaru in the drama "Keisei Chikugo-ga-Fuchi".

7th lunar month of 1817: Kichisabur˘ performed in the play "Meisaku Kiri no Akebono", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai. He also plays the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "Senjin Fujito no Homare".

11th lunar month of 1817: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Tamaya Shinbŕ in the drama "Echizen Mikuni Fűfuzuka" [print]; his stage partner in the role of Demura Shinbŕ was Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1818: the Naka no Shibai was destroyed by a fire.

5th lunar month of 1818: Kichisabur˘ plays 2 roles in the drama "ďgiya Kumagai", which was staged at the Horie no Shibai.

8th lunar month of 1818: Kichisabur˘ was back at the Naka no Shibai, which reopened, and played the roles of Yoshitoki and Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo in the drama "Musume Kagekiyo Yashima Nikki", which was produced at the Naka no Shibai par Asao Tokusabur˘. His stage partners were Arashi Koroku IV (Oito) and Asao Kuzaemon I (Mataroku, Sajidayű).

11th lunar month of 1818: Kichisabur˘ played in the same theater the roles of Masaemon and Jűbŕ in the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku"; the roles of Oyone and Heisaku were played by Arashi Koroku IV and Asao Kuzaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1819: Kichisabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai three roles in the drama "Keisei Miyako Meguri".

9th lunar month of 1819: Kichisabur˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the larger-than-life thief Nippon Daemon in the drama "T˘t˘migata Koi no Shiranami".

3rd lunar month of 1820: tour in Ise; Kichisabur˘ played the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was staged at the Furuichi no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1821: Arashi Kichisabur˘ II took the name of Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I at the Naka no Shibai, playing 2 roles in the drama "Keisei Sato no Shimadai", which was produced by the zamoto Asao Yosabur˘. His stage partners were the Edo stars Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Iwai hanshir˘ V. His nephew Arashi Daizabur˘ III took the name of Arashi Kichisabur˘ III.

26th day of the 9th lunar month of 1821 [2]: Kitsusabur˘ died.

Comments:

Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I was an outstanding tachiyaku, endowed with a great body and a powerful voice, who achieved a great success in the Kamigata theaters, rivaling in popularity with stars like Nakamura Utaemon III or Onoe Kikugor˘ III. Jitsugotoshi, wagotoshi and nimaime roles were his forte.

His best roles: Sasaki Moritsuna ("ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata"), Minamoto no Yorimasa, Miyagi Asojir˘, Sasaki Tan'emon ("Igagoe"), Yojir˘ ("Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi"), Benkei, sum˘ wrestlers (Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" or Iwakawa Jirokichi in "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori"), Jűbŕ ("Igagoe") and Ono no T˘fű.

[1] Was his first name Arashi Kichimatsu? Or only Hikosabur˘? He was recorded as Arashi Kichimatsu in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten" or the Ritsumeikan University Actors Database. He was not Arashi Kichimatsu but Hikosabur˘ (only the first name; no family name) according to the latest edition (2012) of the "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran".

[2] The 26th day of the 9th lunar month of the 4th year of the Bunsei era was the 21st of October 1821 in the western calendar.

[3] The 8th day of the 12th lunar month of the 9th year of the An'ei era was the 2nd of January 1781 in the western calendar.

[4] Not 1784 but 1787 in in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten" or the Ritsumeikan University Actors Database.

Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I in a shinie made by Juk˘d˘ Yoshikuni in 1821

Prints & Illustrations

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Sh˘k˘sai in 1799

Print made by Utagawa Kunihiro in 1817

Print made by Sh˘raku in 1819

Print made by Asayama Kishikuni in 1821

The Arashi Rikan line of actors

The Arashi Kichisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Kitsusabur˘ line of actors

 
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