YOSHIZAWA AYAME V

Stage names:

Yoshizawa Ayame V In Japanese
Yoshizawa Iroha I In Japanese

Other name:

Yoshizawa Ayame In Japanese

Guild: Tachibanaya

Line number: GODAIME (V)

Poetry name: K˘ho, Hak˘, Ipp˘

Existence: 1754 ~ 26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1810 [1]

Connections:

Grandfather: Yoshizawa Ayame I

Father: Yoshizawa Ayame III

Uncles: Yoshizawa Ayame II, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Yamashita Matatar˘ I

Son: Yoshizawa Iroha II

Adopted son: Yoshizawa Sakinosuke IV

Disciples: Yoshizawa Hachiz˘, Yoshizawa Kamez˘

Family map: the Yoshizawa Clan

Career:

11th lunar month of 1771: Iroha played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Princess Karamatsu in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1773: Iroha produced in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Etari ya Etari Tsuwamono Majiwari".

18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1774 [2]: his father Yoshizawa Ayame III died.

9th lunar month of 1781: Iroha produced in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", in which he played the roles of Koganosuke and Princess Tachibana; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I (Omiwa, Sadaka), Nakamura Utaemon I (Soga no Iruka), Nakayama Bunshichi I (Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Shibaroku) and Nakamura Noshio II (Hinadori).

1st lunar month of 1782: the play "Tengajaya-mura" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Iroha played the role of Somenoi [casting].

5th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Iroha played the role of Okumi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1784: Iroha played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yae and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku"; Iroha played the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Osono [more details]. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe went to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

28th day of the 9th lunar month of 1792 [3]: Yoshizawa Ayame IV died.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Iroha played the roles of the keisei Azuma and Yoshinori's k˘shitsu [more details].

1st lunar month of 1794: Iroha's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Shima Meguri Uso no Kikigaki"; the last scenes were a sewamono drama, which was staged independently in the 5th lunar month of 1794 under the title "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime"; Iroha played the role of the courtesan Kikuno [more details].

11th lunar month of 1794: Iroha played the role of Princess Miyuki in the drama "Kana Utsushi Azuchi Mond˘", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1795: Iroha's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1795: Iroha played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

2nd lunar month of 1796: Suga Sensuke's puppet theater drama "Keisei Koi no Hikyaku" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time and staged at the Kado no Shibai; Iroha played the role of Umegawa [casting].

4th lunar month of 1796: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome", written by Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II; Iroha played the roles of Ishida's daughter and Takigawa [more details].

7th lunar month of 1796: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; Iroha played the role of the courtesan Okon [casting].

5th lunar month of 1798: Iroha played the role of Otatsu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Nakayama Bunz˘ (Issun Tokubŕ), Yamashita Kinsaku II (Okaji) and Seki Sanjűr˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu).

11th lunar month of 1800: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Yanagi's puppet theater drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which was produced by Nakayama Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Iroha played the role of Misao [casting].

1st lunar month of 1801: Iroha was the kanjiku for the onnagata actors in the ďsaka hy˘banki.

10th lunar month of 1801: Iroha played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Karaki Masaemon's wife Otane and Sasaki Tan'emon's wife Sasao in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa", which was produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘; the roles of Karaki Masaemon and Sasaki Tan'emon were played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Arashi Kichisabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1801: the troupe which was at the Naka no Shibai moved to Ky˘to to perform the same drama, which was produced by Arashi Kumanosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1802: Iroha's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

Summer 1802: the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai; it was produced by Arashi Sangor˘ III and Iroha played the role of Misao [casting].

11th lunar month of 1802: Iroha took part in the kaomise drama "Fűryű Kokusen'ya", which was produced by Azuma Tomijir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai and celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Shinkur˘ III. His stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Nakayama Bungor˘ I and Kan˘ Minshi I.

11th lunar month of 1803: Iroha took part in the kaomise drama "S˘zoku Ishibashiyama", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the shűmei of Asao Tamejűr˘ II. His stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I and Nakayama Shinkur˘ III.

12th lunar month of 1803: Iroha played in the same theater the role of Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1804: the troupe which was at the Naka no Shibai moved to Ky˘to to perform again in "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

2nd lunar month of 1804: the troupe went back to ďsaka; Iroha played the roles of Sadaka and Princess Tachibana in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; the role of Daihanji no Kiyosumi was played by the Edo star Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

10th lunar month of 1804: Iroha played at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (Ësaka) the role of Osono in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi"; the roles of Rokusuke and Ky˘goku no Takumi were played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV and ďtani Tomoemon II.

11th lunar month of 1804: Iroha took part at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise "Minoriyoshi Kane no Naruki", which was produced by his son Yoshizawa Enjir˘ I; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ III and Asao Kuzaemon I.

12th lunar month of 1804: Iroha played in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi"; the role of Rokusuke was played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1805: Iroha played in the same theater the roles of Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1805: Iroha played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the role of Tadanobu was played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

12th lunar month of 1805: the troupe which was at the Minamigawa no Shibai moved to ďsaka to perform the same drama, which was produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya for a troupe led by Iroha, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Sawamura Tanosuke II and Nakayama Bungor˘ I; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in dramas like "Keisei Sakura no Shima", "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", "Hirakana Seisuiki", "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi" or "Komochi Yamanba".

12th lunar month of 1806: Iroha took part in the kaomise drama "ďsakazuki Asahi no H˘rai", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Yoshizawa Minosuke and starred Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Nakamura Utaemon III, Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Nakamura Daikichi I, Nakamura Noshio III and Ogino Izabur˘ II.

Spring 1807: tour in Ise with Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1807: Yoshizawa Iroha I took the name of Yoshizawa Ayame V in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing the role of Sekijo in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘"; his stage partners were Seki Sanjűr˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakamura Karoku I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakayama Bungor˘ I, Nakamura Kumetar˘ II and Kiriyama Monji III; his disciple Yoshizawa Minosuke took the name of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke IV.

1st lunar month of 1808: Ayame's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1808: "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Ayame played the roles of Asakiyo's okugata Hazue and the menoto Yasose [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Ayame took part at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Shima Meguri Tsuki no Yumihari".

5th lunar month of 1809: Ayame played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Owasa in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi"; the role of Benkei was played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII. He also played the role of Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1809: Ayame played at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which was produced by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and starred Nakayama Hyakka, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Ayame played the roles of Ikkaku's wife Mayumi, Ofuji and Osawa [casting]; this was Ayame's last appearance on stage!

26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1810 [1]: Ayame died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Yoshizawa Ayame V was a talented onnagata actor, endowed with a great appearance and excelling in keisei roles. His vocal projection was perfect and he was more at ease in sewamono than in jidaimono.

[1] The 26th day of the 8th lunar month of the 7th year of the Bunka era was the 24th of September 1810 in the western calendar.

[2] The 18th day of the 11th lunar month of the 3rd year of the An'ei era was the 20th of December 1774 in the western calendar.

[3] The 28th day of the 9th lunar month of the 4th year of the Kansei era was the 12th of November 1792 in the western calendar.

Yoshizawa Ayame V portraying the courtesan Tamagawa in a print made by Sh˘k˘sai in 1808

Prints & Illustrations

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Sh˘k˘sai in 1799

The Yoshizawa Iroha line of actors

The Yoshizawa Ayame line of actors

 
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