YAMASHITA KINSAKU II

Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku II
Nakamura Handayű

Guild: Tenn˘jiya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Rik˘

Existence: 1733 ~ 12th day of the 9th lunar month of 1799

Connections:

Master: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I

Adoptive father: Yamashita Kinsaku I

Brother: Nakamura Shingor˘ II

Sons: Yamashita Mangiku I, Yamashita Masajir˘

Adopted sons: Yamashita Mansaku, Yamashita Kinsaku III

Career:

1733 ~ 1749: born in ďsaka. He starts his career as a disciple of the onnagata actor Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, who gives him the name of Nakamura Handayű.

1749: Nakamura Handayű is adopted by the retired actor Yamashita Kinsaku I, who gives him the name of Yamashita Kinsaku II.

7th lunar month of 1750: his adoptive father dies.

Fall 1752: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and Kinsaku go together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1852: Kinsaku plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Akazawayama Sum˘ Nikki".

6th lunar month of 1755: Kinsaku achieves a great success at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Edo Kanoko Sh˘chikubai".

1st lunar month of 1758: Yamashita Kinsaku plays 3 roles at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Kujűsanki ďyose Soga";

7th lunar month of 1758: Kinsaku achieves a great success in the same theater, playing the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Hoshiai Genji Guruma".

11th lunar month of 1758: Kinsaku goes back to Kamigata, playing the role of the courtesan Azumaji in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Arigatashi Fujiwara Keizu", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1760: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which is a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kinsaku plays the role of Kikue [more details].

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kinsaku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ihei's ny˘b˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kinsaku plays the roles of Nureginu and Karaori [casting].

11th lunar month of 1766: Kinsaku settles in Ky˘to and plays in Tenmaya Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which is produced at the Kitagawa no Shibai by Edosaka Ky˘emon and celebrates the shűmei of Sakakiyama Sagisuke, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1768: Kinsaku goes back to ďsaka and plays in the kaomise drama "K˘mei Daifukuch˘", which is produced by Mimasu Tanin I at the Naka no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1769: Kinsaku plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", staged under a different title. The role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kinsaku goes to Edo and plays at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Na ni Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Shirogor˘ IV and Kasaya Matakur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: Kinsaku plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Kinsaku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1771: Kinsaku plays in the same theater the role of Ochiyo in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which puts in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbei ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu; the role of Ochiyo's lover Hanbei is played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kinsaku plays at the Moritaza the roles of Ran no Kata and Osaku in the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which is staged at the Nakamuraza; Kinsaku plays the role of Okoma's mother [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Kinsaku plays the role of Otane [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Kinsaku plays the roles of Omiwa and Sadaka [casting].

1778: tour in Sendai.

6th lunar month of 1780: tour in Echigo.

8th lunar month of 1780: Kinsaku goes back to Edo and plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Tsuma Mukae Koshiji no Fumizuki".

Fall 1780: Kinsaku goes to ďsaka after 11 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kinsaku plays in the kaomise drama "M˘ M˘ Yokaro Ushi no Tamamono", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1781: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1781: Kinsaku becomes zamoto for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon and produces the drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű" at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura" [casting]. A similar play is produced at the Naka no Shibai a few days later by Kinsaku under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai". The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters; Kinsaku the roles of K˘emon's wife Osumi and Kataoka Miki-no-Kami's wife Takanoha [casting].

Summer 1782: tour in Miyajima.

7th lunar month of 1783: the play "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku plays the role of Ohatsu [casting].

5th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Kinsaku plays the role of the Eirakuya widow Oraku [casting].

1785: tour in Ise, Kuwana, Misaki and the Kasuga Ry˘sha Shrine.

1st lunar month of 1786: Kinsaku plays the roles of Minatomachi Gozen and Otane in the drama "Keisei Noi Zakura", which is staged in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1786: Kinsaku goes back to ďsaka.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Kinsaku plays the role of Ichimisai's elder daughter Osono [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I's play "Sewa Ry˘ri Yaoya Kondate"; Kinsaku plays the role of Ojű [more details].

Fall 1788: Kinsaku is expected in Edo to perform at the Moritaza but some health problems lead him to stay in ďsaka.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Kinsaku plays the roles of Isshiki's okugata Nezame and Kohagi [more details].

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku plays the role of Tsuchiya Sh˘suke's ny˘b˘ Otani [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Kinsaku plays the role of Wada's ny˘b˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1794: Kinsaku goes to Edo and plays at the Kiriza in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Oedo no Ishizue".

1st lunar month of 1796: Kinsaku goes back to Kamigata.

5th lunar month of 1798: Kinsaku plays the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which is produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners are Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Nakayama Bunz˘ (Issun Tokubŕ), Yoshizawa Iroha I (Otatsu) and Seki Sanjűr˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu).

8th lunar month of 1799: Kinsaku appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing in Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Yuki no Nadokoro Yomeodoshidani", which is produced by Yamashita Kamematsu. He suddenly falls ill and dies the 12th day of the 9th lunar month of 1799.

Comments:

Yamashita Kinsaku II was an outstanding onnagata actor, who won fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata during the second half of the eighteenth century. The role of Yaoya Oshichi was his forte.

Yamashita Kinsaku II playing the role of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ in the drama "Kurikaesu Soga no Odamaki", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1770 at the Moritaza (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

 
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