YAMASHITA KINSAKU II

Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku II In Japanese
Nakamura Handayű In Japanese

Guild: Tenn˘jiya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Rik˘

Existence: 1733 ~ 12th day of the 9th lunar month of 1799 [1]

Connections:

Master: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I

Adoptive father: Yamashita Kinsaku I

Brother: Nakamura Shingor˘ II

Sons: Yamashita Mangiku I, Yamashita Masajir˘

Adopted sons: Yamashita Mansaku, Yamashita Kinsaku III

Career:

1733 ~ 1749: born in ďsaka. He started his career as a disciple of the onnagata actor Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, who gave him the name of Nakamura Handayű.

1749: Nakamura Handayű was adopted by the retired actor Yamashita Kinsaku I [2], who gave him the name of Yamashita Kinsaku II.

2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1750 [3]: his adoptive father Yamashita Kinsaku I died.

Fall 1752: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and Kinsaku went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1852: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Akazawayama Sum˘ Nikki".

6th lunar month of 1755: Kinsaku achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Edo Kanoko Sh˘chikubai".

1st lunar month of 1758: Yamashita Kinsaku played 3 roles at the Ichimuraza in the new year sogamono drama "Kujűsanki ďyose Soga".

7th lunar month of 1758: Kinsaku achieved a great success in the same theater, playing the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Hoshiai Genji Guruma".

Fall 1758: Kinsaku went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1758: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of the courtesan Azumaji in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Arigatashi Fujiwara Keizu", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

1st lunar month of 1760: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kinsaku played the role of Kikue [more details].

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kinsaku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ihei's ny˘b˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kinsaku played the roles of Nureginu and Karaori [casting].

Fall 1766: Kinsaku went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1766: Kinsaku performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Tenmaya Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which was produced by Edosaka Ky˘emon and celebrated the shűmei of Sakakiyama Sagisuke, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III.

Fall 1768: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1768: Kinsaku performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "K˘mei Daifukuch˘", which was produced by Mimasu Tanin I.

7th lunar month of 1769: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", staged under a different title; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

Fall 1769: Kinsaku went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kinsaku performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Na ni Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Shirogor˘ IV and Kasaya Matakur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Kinsaku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1771: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of Ochiyo in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which puts in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbei ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu; the role of Ochiyo's lover Hanbei was played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kinsaku played at the Moritaza the roles of Ran-no-Kata and Osaku in the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Kinsaku played the role of Okoma's mother [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Kinsaku played the role of Otane [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Kinsaku played the roles of Omiwa and Sadaka [casting].

1778: tour in Sendai.

6th lunar month of 1780: tour in the province of Echigo.

8th lunar month of 1780: Kinsaku went back to Edo and performed at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Tsuma Mukae Koshiji no Fumizuki".

Fall 1780: Kinsaku went to ďsaka after 11 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kinsaku performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "M˘ M˘ Yokaro Ushi no Tamamono", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango.

1st lunar month of 1781: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1781: Kinsaku became zamoto for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon and produced the kaomise drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű" at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura" [casting]. A similar play was produced at the Naka no Shibai a few days later by Kinsaku under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai". The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters; Kinsaku the roles of K˘emon's wife Osumi and Kataoka Miki-no-Kami's wife Takanoha [casting].

Summer 1782: tour in Miyajima.

7th lunar month of 1783: the play "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku played the role of Ohatsu [casting].

5th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Kinsaku played the role of the Eirakuya widow Oraku [casting].

1785: tour in Ise, Kuwana, Misaki and the Kasuga Ry˘sha Shrine.

1st lunar month of 1786: Kinsaku played the roles of Minatomachi Gozen and Otane in the drama "Keisei Noi Zakura", which was staged in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

3rd day of the 8th lunar month of 1786 [4]: his first master Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I died.

11th lunar month of 1786: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Kinsaku played the role of Ichimisai's elder daughter Osono [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I's play "Sewa Ry˘ri Yaoya Kondate"; Kinsaku played the role of Ojű [more details].

Fall 1788: Kinsaku was expected to perform in Edo at the Moritaza but some health problems led him to stay in ďsaka.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Kinsaku played the roles of Isshiki's okugata Nezame and Kohagi [more details].

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was famous for its "Umagiri" scene and was produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku played the role of Tsuchiya Sh˘suke's ny˘b˘ Otani [more details].

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Kinsaku played the role of Wada's ny˘b˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1794: Kinsaku went to Edo and performed at the Kiriza in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Oedo no Ishizue".

1st lunar month of 1796: Kinsaku went back to Kamigata.

5th lunar month of 1798: Kinsaku played the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Nakayama Bunz˘ (Issun Tokubŕ), Yoshizawa Iroha I (Otatsu) and Seki Sanjűr˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu).

8th lunar month of 1799: Kinsaku appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, where he performed in Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Yuki no Nadokoro Yomeodoshidani", which was produced by Yamashita Kamematsu. He suddenly fell ill.

12th day of the 9th lunar month of 1799 [1]: Kinsaku died.

Comments:

Yamashita Kinsaku II was an outstanding onnagata actor, who won fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata during the second half of the eighteenth century. The role of Yaoya Oshichi was his forte.

[1] The 12th day of the 9th lunar month of the 11th year of the Kansei era was the 10th of October 1799 in the western calendar.

[2] Yamashita Kinsaku I retired in 1748.

[3] The 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of August 1750 in the western calendar.

[4] The 3rd day of the 8th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenmei era was the 26th of August 1786 in the western calendar.

Yamashita Kinsaku II playing the role of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ in the drama "Kurikaesu Soga no Odamaki", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1770 at the Moritaza (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

 
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