ICHIKAWA MONNOSUKE II

Stage names:

Ichikawa Monnosuke II In Japanese
Ichikawa Benz˘ I In Japanese
Takinaka Hidematsu II In Japanese
Takinaka Tsuruz˘ In Japanese

Guild: Takinoya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Shinsha, Kaigan, Ryűsha

Existence: 1743 ~ 19th day of the 11th lunar month of 1794 [1]

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV

Sons: Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Ichikawa Monkichi, Ichikawa Takinosuke

Grandsons: Ichikawa Monnosuke III, Ichikawa Monnosuke IV

Disciple: Ichikawa Sainosuke

Career:

1743 ~ 1756: born near Edo in the village of Takinogawa. He was the son of Miyako Yaedayű and his name was Senkichi. He started his career as an actor at an early age, playing in Kamigata under the name of Takinaka Tsuruz˘.

1756: Tsuruz˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1759: Takinaka Tsuruz˘ took the name of Takinaka Hidematsu II at the Ichimuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Okunizome Shusse Butai".

1762: Hidematsu was adopted by the family of late Ichikawa Monnosuke I (who died in 1729!) and he became disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1762: Takinaka Hidematsu II took the name of Ichikawa Benz˘ I at the Nakamuraza, playing a wakashugata role in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami".

5th lunar month of 1766: premiere of the play "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Benz˘ played the role of Kichisabur˘. His stage partners were Nakamura Matsue I (Yaoya Oshichi) and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III (Dozaemon Denkichi, Beniya Ch˘bŕ).

11th lunar month of 1770: Ichikawa Benz˘ I took the name of Ichikawa Monnosuke II at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘ and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1777: Monnosuke became tachiyaku and played at the Nakamuraza the role of Sadamori in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1778: Monnosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1778 [2]: his master Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III died.

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Monnosuke played the roles of Yamanaka Shikanosuke and Izutsu Onnanosuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Aoto Gor˘ and Nikaid˘ Shinanonosuke in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Hako˘maru and Danzabur˘ in the new year sogamono "Gohiiki Nennen Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1779: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Sukeroku in the drama "Sukeroku Sato no Yozakura". The roles of Agemaki, Shinbŕ and the villain Ikyű were played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and ďtani Hiroemon III.

5th lunar month of 1779: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Ume˘maru were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1779: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďdate Samanosuke and Wakiya Jir˘ in the kaomise program "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki". The performance was a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1780: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

2nd lunar month of 1780: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Karigane Bunshichi in "Gonin Otoko", the second part (nibanme) of the new year program "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Gokuin Sen'emon), Sakata Hangor˘ II (Hotei Ichiemon), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (An no Heibei) and Nakamura Sukegor˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘).

9th lunar month of 1780: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Okaru was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1780: Monnosuke moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Kumai Tar˘ (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene) and Yoshitsune in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

11th lunar month of 1781: Monnosuke moved to the Nakamuraza and played in the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata".

1st lunar month of 1782: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono "Nanakusa Yosooi Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1782: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Ukiyo Matahei and Arajishi Otokonosuke in the drama "Datezome Shikata K˘shaku", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1782: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Kagemasa, Saeki Kurando, Kagokaki Jir˘bei and Arakawa Jir˘ in the kaomise drama "Godai Genji Mitsugi no Furisode". He also took part in the performance of the Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Mutsumajizuki Koi no Tedori", sharing the stage with Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1783: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono "Edo no Hana Mimasu Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1783: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and K˘ no Moron˘ were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakajima Kanzaemon III.

8th lunar month of 1783: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role ofthe sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1783: the Nakamuraza was damaged in a fire. No kaomise program.

1st lunar month of 1784: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Koroku, Kajiwara Genta Kagesue and Suzuki Sabur˘ in the new year drama kaomise "Fude Hajime Kanjinch˘".

2nd lunar month of 1784: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Shigetada, Ch˘bŕ and Mionoya Shir˘ in the drama "Kagekiyo R˘ Yaburi", staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1784: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kobayashi no Asahina in the drama "Soga Musume Ch˘ja"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III. From the 22nd of this month, he played the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Natori Gusa", sharing the stage with Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III (Sukeroku) and Nakamura Rik˘ I (Agemaki).

4th lunar month of 1784: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Tsumagasane Awase Takabira", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Sonezaki Shinjű" world; the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu was played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

6th lunar month of 1784: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". Monnosuke and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III leave the Nakamuraza before the end of the season to join the Kiriza, which received the license to stage Kabuki plays from the closing Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kiriza of the drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no seki no To", which was performed within the kaomise drama "Jűni Hitoe Komachi Zakura"; Monnosuke played the role of Yoshimine Munesada [casting].

3rd ~ 4th lunar months of 1785: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Tamashima Isonoj˘, Tokubŕ and Hosokawa Shűrinosuke in the drama "Edo Jitate Danshich-jima", whose plot and characters belong to the "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" world. The roles of Danshichi, Sabu and the courtesan Kotoura were played by Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ III and Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

11th lunar month of 1785: Monnosuke played at the Kiriza the roles of Hirai Yasumasa and Miyukinosuke in the kaomise program "Otokoyama Furisode Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1786: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Danzabur˘ and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono "ďkazari Kotobuki Soga". The program opens the 17th and was extremely successful but a fire destroyed the Kiriza the 21st.

3rd lunar month of 1786: the Kiriza reopened the 16th day with the same new year program on the bill.

5th lunar month of 1786: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV joined the Kiriza after his historical reconciliation with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, ending a nine years long quarrel.

9th lunar month of 1786: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Katagiri J˘suke in "K˘rai Giku Ukina no Irozashi", the second part (nibanme) of "Muromachi Onna Bunsh˘".

11th lunar month of 1786: Monnosuke played at the Kiriza the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ and H˘j˘ Sabur˘ in the kaomise program "Mutsu no Hana Izu no Hataage", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Kojűr˘ VI who took back the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1787: Monnosuke plays for the first time the role of the villain Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, in the new year sogamono "Yuki Nazuna Saiwai Soga", which was staged at the Kiriza; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1787: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Sagisaka Sanai and the yakko Ippei in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1787: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of En'ya Hangan, Teraoka Heiemon and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and K˘ no Moron˘ were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Sakata Hangor˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1787: Monnosuke played in the same theater 3 roles in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji".

11th lunar month of 1787: third kaomise at the Kiriza for Monnosuke, who played the roles of Tokiwai Jir˘ and Nikaid˘ Shinanonosuke in the drama "Sanga no Sh˘ Mutsu no Hanayome".

1st lunar month of 1788: Monnosuke played in the same theater in the new year sogamono "Keisei Natori Soga".

7th lunar month of 1788: Monnosuke fell ill and could not perform in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th ~ 9th lunar months of 1788: last program for the Kiriza, which had to give back its license to the Ichimuraza and close its business. Monnosuke performed in the drama "Takao no Miya Honji Kaich˘".

11th lunar month of 1788: Monnosuke achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Oda Harunaga in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata", which celebrated the return in Edo of the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: Monnosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1789: Monnosuke played at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Komachi-mura Shibai no Sh˘gatsu".

1st lunar month of 1790: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Haru no Nishiki Datezome Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1790: tour in the province of K˘shű; Monnosuke performed in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1790: Monnosuke moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Shinozuka Gor˘ (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene), Bigo Sabur˘, the farmer Yogoz˘ and Sagami Jir˘ in the kaomise drama "Iwao no Hana Mine no Kusunoki".

1st lunar month of 1791: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Ky˘ no Jir˘, Kanohara Gumbei and Akazawa Jűnai in the new year sogamono "Shunshoku Edoe Soga", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Sawamura Kunitar˘ I; his stage partners in the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and Sakata Hangor˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1791: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű, in alternance with Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III (Monnosuke plays one day Sukeroku and Ikyű the next day), in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Futabagusa"; the role of Sukeroku's lover Agemaki was played by Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1791: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of ďdate Samanosuke in the drama "Take no Haru Yoshiwara Suzume", which celebrated the coming departure of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1791: Monnosuke played at the Ichimuraza the roles of It˘ Kur˘ Sukekiyo, Suzuki no Sabur˘, Akugenta and Kame˘ in the kaomise program "Kin Menuki Genke no Kakutsuba", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI.

1st lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, ďt˘nai and Iba Jűz˘ in the new year sogamono "Wakamurasaki Edokko Soga". The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Ichikawa Ebiz˘.

3rd lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Mie no Obi Hana no Iroage", which mixed the worlds of "Sonezaki Shinjű", "Bunshichi Mottoi" and "Ofusa Tokubŕ"; the roles of Tenmaya Ohatsu and Ofusa were played by Iwai Kiyotar˘ II and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Tsukimoto Mushanosuke in the drama "Hana Utsugi Shiraga Ganryű".

5th lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Momoi Harimanokami and Kaibara Isuke in the drama "Shijűshichi Somei no Hachiue", whose plot and characters belong to the "Chűshingura" world.

8th lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Momotar˘ and Daid˘ji Denbatanosuke in the drama "Mukashi Mukashi Tejiro no Saru".

9th lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of Soga no Iruka and Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1792: Monnosuke played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Izu no Jir˘, Benkei, Yoshitsune and the yakko Hamahei in the kaomise program "Koganegiku Date no ďkido", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Yűjir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1793: Monnosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1793: Monnosuke played in the same theater the roles of ďdate Samanosuke and Shind˘ Genshir˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1793: Monnosuke achieved a great success by playing in the same theater the roles of Soga no Iruka and Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin". He also played the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

Fall 1793: the Ichimuraza closed its business and gave its license to the Kiriza. Monnosuke took this opportunity to move to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1793: Monnosuke played at the Kawarazakiza the roles of Minamoto no Yorinobu and Usui Sadamitsu (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene) in the kaomise drama "Nigiwai Genji Hana Saku Mon".

1st lunar month of 1794: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono "Gohiiki no Hana Aiky˘ Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune were played by Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1794: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Date no Yosaku and Keimasa in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

7th lunar month of 1794: Monnosuke played in the same theater the role of Arajishi Otokonosuke in the drama "Nihon Matsu Michinoku Sodachi", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1794: his yearly salary drops from 900 ry˘ to 700 ry˘ (this was a general salary cut for all Edo actors). He had some health troubles, fell seriously ill and died the 19th day of the 11th lunar month [1].

Comments:

Ichikawa Monnosuke II was a popular tachiyaku actor who made all his successful career in Edo in the second half of the eighteenth century, excelling in aragoto, wagoto and bud˘goto roles. He was able to play either Soga Gor˘ Tokimune (aragoto style) or Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari (wagoto style) in the new year sogamono. He was also a talented dancer.

[1] The 19th day of the 11th lunar month of the 6th year of the Kansei era was the 11th of December 1794 in the western calendar.

[2] The 25th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 7th year of the An'ei era was the 23rd of March 1778 in the western calendar.

Ichikawa Monnosuke II playing the role of Karigane Bunshichi in the drama "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga", which was staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1780 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces of Ichikawa Monnosuke II

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘ in 1780

Print made by Katsukawa Shunj˘ in 1781

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘ in 1786

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1790

Caricature 1780

The Ichikawa Monnosuke line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News