IWAI HANSHIRď IV

Stage names:

Iwai Hanshir˘ IV
Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II
Matsumoto Ch˘matsu

Nicknames:

Shirogane no Dayű (The Master of Shirogane)
Meguro no Dayű (the Master of Meguro)
Otafuku Hanshir˘ (the name of a legendary fat woman with a round face, a facial feature of Hanshir˘ IV)

Guild: Yamatoya, Z˘shigaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Tojaku

Existence: 1747 ~ 28th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1800

Connections:

Master: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II

Son: Iwai Hanshir˘ V

Grandsons: Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ VII

Great-grandson: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII

Disciple: Iwai Kiyotar˘ II

Career:

1747 ~ 1761: born in Edo. His father is the puppeteer Tatsumatsu Jűzabur˘. He becomes a disciple of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, who gives him the name of Matsumoto Ch˘matsu, and makes his first appearance on stage in the 7th lunar month of 1753.

1st lunar month of 1762: Matsumoto Ch˘matsu takes the name of Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II and start to play onnagata roles.

5th lunar month of 1764: Shichiz˘ plays the role of Princess Kariya in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is staged at the Nakamuraza.

1765: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, whose wife Omatsu is the adopted daughter of Iwai Hanshir˘ III, supports him to get the approval of the Kabuki world to appoint his talented disciple as the heir of the Iwai clan.

11th lunar month of 1765: Matsumoto Shichiz˘ II takes the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Lady Komachi in the drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ and Princess Sakura in the new year drama "Hatsu Akinai ďmise Soga".

7th lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is performed in the same theater. His stage partner in the role of Taira no Koremori, disguised as Osato's fiance Yasuke, is Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1767: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yura Shinzaemon's daughter Tanomo in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ume no Oyoshi and the spirit of the Taira clan in the new year drama "Fude Hajime Soga no Tamazusa".

11th lunar month of 1768: Hanshir˘ performs at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Iwagawa's wife Otowa [casting].

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1769: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Konami and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Moritaza.

5th lunar month of 1769: Hanshir˘ plays the difficult role of Sodehagi in the third act of "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is performed at the Moritaza. His stage partners are Sakata Sajűr˘ (Abe no Sadat˘) and ďtani Hiroemon III (Abe no Munet˘).

9th lunar month of 1770: Chikamatsu Hanji's 1759 puppet theater drama "Hidakagawa Iriai Zakura" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Princess Kiyo [casting].

1st lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Murasakiya Ohan in the new year drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki". The role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari is played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku", staged under the title "Kongen Edo Murasaki". His partners in the roles of Sukeroku and the villain Ikyű are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I. He also plays the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which puts in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbei ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu; the role of Ohatsu's lover Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Matsue I.

7th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Osugi and Princess Sakurako in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Funawaka Gor˘'s wife and the pearl-diving girl Murasame in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji". His stage partners in the roles of Murasame's lover Ariwara no Yukihira and Murasame's sister Matsukaze (also in love with Yukihira) are Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tsukisayo in Nakamura Jűsuke II's new year drama "Haru ha Soga Akebono Z˘shi".

8th lunar month of 1772: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ohaya in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1772: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. The actors Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Ichikawa (or Matsumoto) Sumiz˘ I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III. Hanshir˘ plays the roles of the spirit of a giant carp, disguised as the courtesan Shiratae, and Shioume Yoshigorohachi's wife in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka". The role of Shioume Yoshigorohachi is played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Sugawara, Princess Sakura and Misajiro's wife Ohatsu in the new year drama "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami". The role of the priest Seigen, Princess Sakura's lover, is played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the Hirato woman diver Koyumi in the drama "Dainippon Ise no Kamikaze".

8th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ is the leading star of "Mitsu ďgi Kumoi no Tsuki", a Nagauta program made up of seven dances with quick costum-changes: "Hanaguruma", "Hanagasa Odori" (the umbrella dance), "Kairaishi" (the puppeteer), "Miko" (a maiden in the service of a shrine), "Musume Odori" (the daughter dance), "Kiri Kamuro" (the attendant of a high-ranking courtesan) and "Neko" (the cat).

9th lunar month of 1773: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tonami and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The roles of Genz˘ (Tonami's husband) and Sakuramaru (Yae's husband) are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama. Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Princess Shinobu and Motoyoshi Shir˘'s wife [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which is also the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, is a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tametomo's daughter Chidori no Mae and Kisegawa no Kametsuru in the new year drama "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata". The role of Minamoto no Tametomo is played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV perform together the roles of Onatsu and Seijűr˘ in the same theater in the michiyuki "Nushiyatare Koi no Yamabuki".

5th lunar month of 1774: big crisis at the Nakamuraza; several high-ranking actors, including Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV leave the theater.

11th lunar month of 1774: Hanshir˘ joins the Moritaza and plays the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Ogata's wife in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II; the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Sat˘ Tadanobu are played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Senju no Mae and the courtesan Usugumo in the new year program "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sakuramaru, Tonami and Haru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Izumo no Okuni and Yamana Sanza's sister Fumizuki in the drama "Keisei Tsuki no Miyako".

9th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the pearl-diving lady Murasame in the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Oki Miyage Inaba no Yamamatsu". His stage partners in the roles of Murasame's lover Ariwara no Yukihira and Murasame's sister Matsukaze (also in love with Yukihira) are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Nakamura Noshio I.

11th lunar month of 1775: Hanshir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise program "Oyafune Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura". His stage partner in the role of Sukeroku is Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (replaced because of illness by Ichimura Uzaemon IX). The performance is a huge success and extended up to the 6th lunar month.

7th lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Yae and Midai Umezono no Gozen in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is staged in the same theater.

11th lunar month of 1776: Hanshir˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays in the kaomise program "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki". His yearly salary is 500 ry˘.

1st lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ plays in the new year program "Edo Jitate Kosode Soga", which is produced in the same theater.

4th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Gonta's wife Kosen and Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is performed in the same theater.

7th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Itoya Oito and Sagami Jir˘'s sister Oyuki in the drama "H˘n˘ Nitta Daimy˘jin".

11th lunar month of 1777: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Sanuki no Mae and the courtesan Onomichi in the kaomise program "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1778: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome".

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki". Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Takao's sister Kasane, Narutaki and Kasaya Sankatsu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Hanshir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

3rd lunar month of 1779: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku Sato no Yozakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Shinbŕ and the villain Ikyű are played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and ďtani Hiroemon III.

11th lunar month of 1779: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of K˘t˘-no-Naishi and a countryside maiden in the kaomise program "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Fuji Minbu's sister in the new year program "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga". Tthe role of Fuji Minbu is played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shinobu in "Gonin Otoko", the second part (nibanme) of the new year program "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga". The role of Shinobu's elder sister, the courtesan Miyagino, is played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

9th lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of Hayano Kanpei is played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II. The Nakamuraza welcomed Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who left the Ichimuraza because of some management troubles in the 5th lunar month. This is his last performance in Edo before going back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1780: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise program "Kite Kaeru Nishiki no Wakayaka".

5th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Narihira and Shigenoi in the dramas "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu" and "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

9th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in the company of Nakamura Nakaz˘ I in "Iromi Kusa Yotsu no Somewake", a memorial performance for the 22nd anniversary of the passing away of Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1781: Hanshir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise program "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata".

5th lunar month of 1782: Hanshir˘ plays the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura", which is performed in the same theater. His partner in the role of Sukeroku is Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

11th lunar month of 1782: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise program "Godai Genji Mitsugi no Furisode". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Ichikawa Danz˘ IV and Onoe Matsusuke I.

1st lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the role of Princess Sakura in the new year drama "Edo no Hana Mimasu Soga". The role of the priest Seigen is played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oshun, Hitomaru and Sonoo-no-Mae in the drama "Hanakawado Migawari no Dan".

5th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Osono and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oteru and Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

9th lunar month of 1783: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ohide and Osei in the drama "Buke no Hana Musume no Adauchi".

11th lunar month of 1783: the Nakamuraza is damaged in a fire and Hanshir˘ moves temporarily to the Moritaza in order to play in the kaomise program "Ono no Terusaki Yuki no Akebono".

1st lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ is back at the Nakamuraza and plays in the new year program kaomise "Fude Hajime Kanjinch˘".

6th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Gonta's wife Kosen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Koharu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon masterpiece's "Shinjű Ten no Amijima". The role of Kamiya Jihŕ is played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III [print]. From the 17th of this month, he plays the roles of Tonase and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1784: last performance in Edo for Hanshir˘, who is about to go to ďsaka. He plays in the same theater the great role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

Fall 1784: Hanshir˘ and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV go together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1784: Hanshir˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Naka ni M˘keru Otogo Kaomise", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1785: his rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1785: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Shinpan Utazaimon", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Omitsu [casting].

Summer 1785: tour in Akashi. Hanshir˘ plays the role of Shizuka Gozen in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1785: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Onoe Ushinosuke in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

8th lunar month of 1786: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Okiji and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is produced by Nakamura Noshio II in ďsaka at the Nishi no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1786: Hanshir˘ is back in Edo and plays at the Kiriza in the kaomise program "Mutsu no Hana Izu no Hataage" [print].

1st lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tsukisayo in the new year drama "Yuki Nazuna Saiwai Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yume no Koch˘ ("the dream butterfly") and Kitsunegasaki no Otama ("Otama from the fox peninsula") in the drama "Miyakodori Yayoi no Watashi". Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Ichikawa Monnosuke II perform together in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Hana ni Kitsu Negura no Irodori".

4th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Hatsuito in the second part (nibanme) of the new program "Miyakodori Yayoi no Watashi".

4th ~ 5th lunar months of 1787: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in an amazing seven roles Nagauta-based dance called "Nanae Ginu Azuma Hinagata". The seven sections are "Kanjo" (the court lady), "Harukoma" (a dance using a horse head look-alike puppet), "Keisei" (a high-ranking courtesan), "Zat˘" (the blind masseur), "R˘jo" (the senior lady-in-waiting), "Kusakari" (the grass mower) and "Shakky˘" (the lion spirit at the stone bridge) [Print].

5th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tonase, Osono and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1787: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Hanbei's wife Osai, Osai's daughter Osono and Ch˘saku's wife Oiwa in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji". He also performs, with Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Yamashita Mangiku I, at the end of the program in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Iromi Gusa Honni Yoi Naka".

11th lunar month of 1787: second kaomise at the Kiriza for Hanshir˘ who plays the roles of Son˘, Sonome and Yaehata [print] in the drama "Sanga no Sh˘ Mutsu no Hanayome".

1st lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘, Hisamatsu and Oume in the new year program "Keisei Natori Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ (Sh˘sh˘'s lover) and Osome (Hisamatsu's lover) are played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th ~ 9th lunar months of 1788: last program for the Kiriza, which has to give back its license to the Ichimuraza and close its business. Hanshir˘ plays the main role in the drama "Rangiku Makura Jid˘".

11th lunar month of 1788: Hanshir˘ joins the Ichimuraza and performs in the kaomise drama "Genji Saik˘ Kogane no Tachibana", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Asao Tamejűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: his rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the roles of Okuni and Soga Gor˘ in the new year drama "Koi no Yosuga Kanagaki Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďyodo in the second part (nibanme) of the new year program "Koi no Yosuga Kanagaki Soga".

4th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role Kameya Chűbŕ's wife Osuwa in the drama "Koi no Hikyaku".

5th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shind˘ Genpachi's wife Mifune and Okumi in the drama "Sanjukkoku Yobune no Hajimari". The role of Shind˘ Genpachi is played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Jűtar˘'s wife, Heiemon's wife and Kudayű's widow in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

11th lunar month of 1789: Hanshir˘ performs in the Ichimuraza kaomise program "Hana no Oedo Masakado Matsuri".

1st lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of a young geisha, Princess Yamasaki and Hangaku in the new year drama "Ureshiku Zonji Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Princess Taema in the great play "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura", which is performed in the same theater. His partner in the role of the wicked priest Narukami is Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and ďtani Hiroji III perform together in the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Tao Yanagi Oboro no Kurokami".

4th lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ochiyo in the love drama "Ochiyo Hanbei". His partner in the role of Hanbei is Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1790: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise program "Sayo no Nakayama Hiiki no Tsurigane", which welcomes back in Edo the actor Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and welcomes the Kamigata actors Tanimura Toraz˘ and Nakamura Kumetar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1791: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based dance "Taimen Hana no Harukoma", which is performed at the end of the new year program "Haru no Sekai Nigiwai Soga"; Hanshir˘ plays the role of a courtesan [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ plays the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku Yukari no Botan", which is performed at the Nakamuraza. His partner in the role of Sukeroku is Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III. This play is the second part of the program "Haru Sekai Nigiwai Soga", a memorial performance for the 32nd anniversary of the death of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Enju's sister Ofuku in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

8th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ise no Naishi in the drama "Kiku no En Mukashi no Ky˘".

11th lunar month of 1791: Hanshir˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza and plays in the kaomise program "Mieik˘ Nori no Hachinoki". He plays the main role of the "Onna Shibaraku" part ("Lady wait for a moment", a parody of the bombastic play "Shibaraku"): "Hanshir˘ IV made the normal entry down the walkway through the audience (hanamichi), wearing the "Shibaraku" costume decorated with the large square crests of the Ichikawa family. Just as he was about to accost evil Prince Munetaka on the main stage, his fellow actor Osagawa Tsuneyo II climbed up from the front row of the audience and interrupted, calling out, "Aren't you my younger sister Onaka?" Piece by piece, the "Shibaraku" costume was removed and the makeup was washed off, to reveal a precocious young girl wearing a long hanging-sleeved kimono (furisode) beneath! This unexpected development in the hackneyed "Shibaraku" was well received" (from "The Actor's Image").

3rd lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yaegushi no Oroku in the drama "Keisei Kogane no Hakarime".

4th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in an amazing seven roles dance called "Kakitsubata Nanae no Someginu". The seven sections are "Komachi" (the name of a famous poetess), "Tenaraiko" (the learning girl), "Zat˘" (the blind masseur), "Urashima" (based on the legendary character Urashima Tar˘), "Kiri Kamuro" (a young girl attendant for a high-ranking courtesan), "Shiokumi" (the salt-making girl) and "Shakky˘" (the lion spirit at the stone bridge).

5th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Kaoyo Gozen and Oribe in the drama "Chűshin Denshikata K˘shaku", a play whose plot and characters belong to the "Kanadehon Chűshingura" world.

8th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the play "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", a memorial performance for the 6th anniversary of the death of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, which is staged in the same theater.

11th lunar month of 1792: Hanshir˘ participates at the Kawarazakiza in the kaomise program "ďfuna Moriebi no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ohatsu, Tsukisayo and Shirai Gonpachi in the new year drama "Gozen Gakari Sum˘ Soga". The roles of Onoe (Ohatsu's mistress) and Iwafuji (Ohatsu's enemy) are played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘. The role of Banzui Ch˘bŕ, friend of Shirai Gonpachi, is played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘. This performance, which features the first large scale tachimawari in Kabuki history, is a tremendous success. This is also the first time that the role of Shirai Gonpachi is portrayed by Hanshir˘.

5th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Junshokun Yaoya Oshichi". The actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘, Osagawa Tsuneyo II, Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Iwai Kiyotar˘ II and Hanshir˘ perform together in the Tokiwazu-based dance "Hototogisu Yumeji no Koi". Hanshir˘ also plays the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the "Suzu-ga-Mori" scene. His stage partner in the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ is Ichikawa Ebiz˘. The performance is a huge success and Hanshir˘ decides to finance the rebuilding of the grave of the real Yaoya Oshichi.

8th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oyasu and Tsuru no Mae in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne no Bi no Asobi".

11th lunar month of 1793: Hanshir˘ takes part in the Kawarazakiza kaomise program "Nigiwai Genji Hana Saku Mon".

1st lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kagekiyo's wife Akoya, Kagekiyo's enemy Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Tsukisayo in the new year drama "Gohiiki no Hana Aiky˘ Soga". The role of Taira no Kagekiyo is played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘.

5th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". He also plays the roles of Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". His stage partner in the role of Shizuka Gozen is Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

7th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ohan and Katsumoto's sister Ich˘-no-Mae in the drama "Nihon Matsu Michinoku Sodachi", whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

9th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Kaoyo Gozen and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

10th lunar month of 1794: due to some financial difficulties, the salaries of all the actors are drastically reduced. Hanshir˘'s yearly salary for the coming season is set to 900 ry˘ after a reduction of 400 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1794: Hanshir˘ participates at the Kawarazakiza in the kaomise program "Matsu ha Misao Onna Kusunoki". His official yearly salary is 900 ry˘.

5th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged in the same theater.

9th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged in the same theater. His stage partners are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Kamatari), Onoe Matsusuke I (Fukashichi), Iwai Kiyotar˘ II (Koganosuke, Princess Tachibana) and Matsumoto Komaz˘ III (Motome).

11th lunar month of 1795: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise program "Fuku Botan Azuma Dairi".

1st lunar month of 1796: second stay in Kamigata. Hanshir˘ plays in the dramas "Iwai Irimasu Haru no Kaomise" and "Z˘ho Usuyuki Monogatari", which are produced by Nakayama Ittoku I at the Naka no Shibai in ďsaka. He also achieves a great success in a 7 roles dance called "Nanaeginu Azuma Hinagata".

5th lunar month of 1796: Hanshir˘ tours in Miyajima in the company of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1796: Hanshir˘ is back in Edo and performs at the Miyakoza in the kaomise program "Seiwa Nidai ďyose Genji", which celebrates also the isse ichidai performance of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ and the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater 7 roles in the new year program "Edo no Haru Kichirei Soga".

5th lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Enju and Ofude in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

8th lunar month of 1797: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Wadahei's wife in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

11th lunar month of 1797: the Miyakoza has to give back its license to the Nakamuraza and Hanshir˘ moves there to participate in the kaomise program "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi".

3rd lunar month of 1798: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Kamatari's wife, lady Mikasa Gozen, in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged at the Nakamuraza.

2nd lunar month of 1799: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Masaoka in the drama "ďmiura Date no Nebiki", whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

1st lunar month of 1800: Hanshir˘ appears on stage for the last time, playing in the drama "Fuji o Mimasu Saiwai Soga", which is performed at the Nakamuraza.

Comments:

Iwai hanshir˘ IV was an amazing onnagata actor who found fame during the second half of the seventeenth century. His rival for the title of best Edo onnagata was the star Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

He was a very meticulous actor in the preparation of his roles. It is said that Hanshir˘ went to visit a bordello, the Maruya house in the district of Mita in Edo, in order to study carefully the life of a famous and beautiful prostitute called Osen. Then, Hanshir˘ modeled all his courtesan roles on Osen.

The origin of his guild name is interesting: some may think that Yamatoya is associated with the province of Yamato (northern part of the current Nara Prefecture), which is the case for others lines of actors using the same yag˘ because the founder of the line was born there, but it is not right in the case of Iwai hanshir˘ IV. His fans used to shout "Yama Yama", an original way to appraise their star, meaning that Hanshir˘ was a very talented oyama. Yamatoya has its origins in these "Yama, Yama" shoutings.

Iwai Hanshir˘ IV

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1782

Print made by Torii Kiyonaga in 1784

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘ in 1786

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1787

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1787

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1789

Print made by Katsukawa Shun'ei in 1792

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1799

The Matsumoto Shichiz˘ line of actors

The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors

 
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