SAKATA HANGORď II

Stage names:

Sakata Hangor˘ II
Sengoku Sajűr˘
Sengoku Saroku

Guild: Sh˘gatsuya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Sanky˘

Existence: 1724 ~ 17th day of the 5th lunar month of 1782

Connection:

Father: Sengoku Hikosuke I's disciple Sengoku Hikojűr˘

Brother: Sakata Hangor˘ I's disciple Sakata Sajűr˘ I

Brother-in-law: Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ II

Disciples: Sakata Hangor˘ III, Sengoku Hikosuke II

Career:

1730s: he starts his career in Edo in koshibai. His first stage name is Sengoku Saroku.

23rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1735: Sakata Hangor˘ I dies in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1742: he makes his debut in ˘shibai, becoming katakiyaku and taking the name of Sengoku Sajűr˘ at the Ichimuraza, where he performs in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1748: Sajűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Iwanaga Saemon in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

11th lunar month of 1749: Sengoku Sajűr˘ takes the name of Sakata Hangor˘ II at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Urabe Iga-no-Kami in the kaomise program "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1756: Hangor˘ becomes jitsuaku.

25th day of the 10th lunar month of 1761: his father Sengoku Hikojűr˘ dies.

11th lunar month of 1761: Hangor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Akai T˘ta, in reality Nagata Tar˘, in the kaomise drama "Nihongahana H˘gan Biiki", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Raiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1762: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi [visual].

11th lunar month of 1762: Hangor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Yamaki Hachir˘ and Hacch˘-tsubute no Kiheiji in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami", which celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Hiroemon III, Ichikawa Somegor˘ I and Nakajima Kanzaemon III.

1st lunar month of 1763: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is one black stroke below j˘-j˘-kichi [visual].

11th lunar month of 1763: Hangor˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of ďmori Hikoshichi in the kaomise drama "Shikai Nami Yawaragi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi. He shares the same rank with Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka and Gonshir˘ in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

7th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Edohei and Ippei's mother in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Benkei in the kaomise drama "Wakaki no Hana Suma no Hatsuyuki".

11th lunar month of 1765: Hangor˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1766: Hangor˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the roles of Takechi Hyűganosuke and Ukiyo Matahei in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune (this is the first time he can perform this prestigious role) in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

7th lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Igami no Gonta and Kawatsura H˘gen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays in the kaomise drama "Sanada no Yoichi Banjaku no Iezuto", which celebrates the shűmei of Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1768: Hangor˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of the rebel Abe no Sadat˘ in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori"; the roles of Sadat˘'s brother Munet˘ and Sadat˘'s enemy Minamoto no Yoshiie are played by Sakata Sajűr˘ I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Hangor˘ plays the roles of the sum˘tori Tetsugadake and Senbagawa Kichibei [casting].

4th lunar month of 1769: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother, Amakawaya Gihei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". This production is a huge success and a long run (up to the 6th lunar month).

11th lunar month of 1769: Hangor˘ moves to the Ichimuraza, where he becomes the new zagashira, playing the roles of Bizen Heishir˘, Date no Jir˘ and Kan'emon in the kaomise program "Mutsu no Hana Ume no Kaomise", which welcomes in Edo the actors Onoe Kikugor˘ I, ďtani Tomoemon I, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I and Onoe Tamiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1770: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Fuji no Yuki Kaikei Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

11th lunar month of 1770: Hangor˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays in the kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Gi˘ Katsugi", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actors Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and Nakamura Noshio I.

5th lunar month of 1771: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

Fall 1771: Hangor˘ goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1771: Hangor˘ becomes tachiyaku and plays the role of Goshikigumi Kurohei, in reality Kuryű Saemon, in the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which is produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai and celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II; Hangor˘'s others stage partners are Onoe Shinshichi I, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I, Arashi T˘jűr˘, Arashi Shichigor˘ II, Band˘ Manz˘, Yamashita Shungor˘ and Fujikawa Sango.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi.

3rd lunar month of 1773: Hangor˘ goes back to Edo to perform at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1773: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Nenoi no ďyata and Wada Yoshimori in the kaomise drama "Kaeri Kiso Kigoto no Hatsumono", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1774: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi. He shares the same rank with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1774: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is produced for the first time at the Ichimuraza; Hangor˘ plays the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1774: Hangor˘ becomes jitsuaku and plays at the Ichimuraza in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

9th lunar month of 1775: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ashiya D˘man in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1775: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of the villain Agenanosuke in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki"; his stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Nakamura Noshio I; this kaomise is a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

3rd lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of the villain Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura". The roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV; the performance is a huge success and a long run but, in the middle of the 5th lunar month, both Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Hangor˘ fall sick and have to be replaced by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother, Amakawaya Gihei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Sugata no Hana Yuki no Kuronushi".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") is published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that Hangor˘ lives with his spouse Okishi and his two children in the district of Moto-ďzaka-Ch˘ and his annual salary is 750 ry˘.

8th lunar month of 1777: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1777: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Chigo Torii Tobiiri Kitsune".

1st lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ is the kanjiku for jitsuaku actors in the Edo hy˘banki.

4th lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yukie and Karaki Masaemon in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

11th lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Sakimasuya Ume no Kachidoki", which welcomes in Edo the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1779: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Dankur˘ and Saisaki Iga-no-Kami in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1779: Hangor˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Tatara Hy˘gonosuke, Kuryű Saemon and Matsumoto Sahei in the kaomise program "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki". This production is a tremendous success.

2nd lunar month of 1780: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hotei Ichiemon in "Gonin Otoko", the second part (nibanme) of the new year program "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga". His stage partners are Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Karigane Bunshichi), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Gokuin Sen'emon), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (An no Heibei) and Nakamura Sukegor˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘).

6th lunar month of 1780: tour in the province of Echigo with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1780: Hangor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Teraoka Heiemon, Ono no Sadakur˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1781: short tour to Ky˘to; Hangor˘ performs at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

Fall 1781: Hangor˘ goes back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1781: Hangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Ise no Asama Saemon in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata", which celebrates the shűmei of Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘; the management of the theater has to struggle hard to find the money to pay the actors. Hangor˘'s stage partners are Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Yoshizawa Ayame IV, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Onoe Monzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1782: Hangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kakuju, Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1782: Hangor˘ appears on stage for the last time, playing in the same theater the role of Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners are Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Sukeroku), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Agemaki) and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (the shirozake seller Shinbŕ). He falls ill and quickly dies (the 17th of the 5th lunar month of 1782).

Comments:

Sakata Hangor˘ II was one of the top-ranking Edo jitsuaku actor of the second half of the 18th century. He was outstanding in villain roles in the aragoto style but was also excellent in jitsugoto roles, like ďboshi Yuranosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Sakata Hangor˘ II in a print made in 1770 by Ippitsusai Bunsh˘ for the Ehon Butai ďgi series of prints

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunsh˘

The Sakata Hangor˘ line of actors

 
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