SAKATA HANGORď II

Stage names:

Sakata Hangor˘ II In Japanese
Sengoku Sajűr˘ In Japanese
Sengoku Saroku In Japanese

Guild: Sh˘gatsuya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Sanky˘

Existence: 1724 ~ 17th day of the 5th lunar month of 1782 [1]

Connection:

Father: Sengoku Hikosuke I's disciple Sengoku Hikojűr˘

Brother: Sakata Hangor˘ I's disciple Sakata Sajűr˘ I

Brother-in-law: Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ II

Disciples: Sakata Hangor˘ III, Sengoku Hikosuke II

Career:

1730s: he started his career in Edo in koshibai. His first stage name was Sengoku Saroku.

23rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1735 [2]: Sakata Hangor˘ I died in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1742: he made his debut in ˘shibai, becoming katakiyaku and taking the name of Sengoku Sajűr˘ at the Ichimuraza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1748: Sajűr˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Iwanaga Saemon in the new year sogamono drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

11th lunar month of 1749: Sengoku Sajűr˘ took the name of Sakata Hangor˘ II at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Urabe Iga-no-Kami in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1756: Hangor˘ became jitsuaku.

25th day of the 10th lunar month of 1761: his father Sengoku Hikojűr˘ died [3].

11th lunar month of 1761: Hangor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Akai T˘ta, in reality Osada Tar˘, in the kaomise drama "Nihongahana H˘gan Biiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Raiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1762: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi [visual].

11th lunar month of 1762: Hangor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Yamaki Hachir˘ and Hacch˘-tsubute no Kiheiji in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami", which celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Hiroemon III, Ichikawa Somegor˘ I and Nakajima Kanzaemon III.

1st lunar month of 1763: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was one black stroke below j˘-j˘-kichi [visual].

11th lunar month of 1763: Hangor˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of ďmori Hikoshichi in the kaomise drama "Shikai Nami Yawaragi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka and Gonshir˘ in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

7th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Edohei and Ippei's mother in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1764: Hangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Benkei in the kaomise drama "Wakaki no Hana Suma no Hatsuyuki".

11th lunar month of 1765: Hangor˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Kagura Uta Amagoi Komachi", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1766: Hangor˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the roles of Takechi Hyűganosuke and Ukiyo Matahei in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune (this was the first time he could perform this prestigious role) in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

7th lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Igami no Gonta and Kawatsura H˘gen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1767: Hangor˘ moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Sanada no Yoichi Banjaku no Iezuto", which celebrated the shűmei of Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1768: Hangor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of the rebel Abe no Sadat˘ in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori"; the roles of Sadat˘'s brother Abe no Munet˘ and Sadat˘'s enemy Minamoto no Yoshiie were played by Sakata Sajűr˘ I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Hangor˘ played the roles of the sum˘tori Tetsugadake and Senbagawa Kichibŕ [casting].

4th lunar month of 1769: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother, Amakawaya Gihei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". This production was a huge success and a long run (up to the 6th lunar month).

11th lunar month of 1769: Hangor˘ moved to the Ichimuraza, where he became the new zagashira, playing the roles of Bizen Heishir˘, Date no Jir˘ and Kan'emon in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Ume no Kaomise", which welcomed in Edo the actors Onoe Kikugor˘ I, ďtani Tomoemon I, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I and Onoe Tamiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1770: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Fuji no Yuki Kaikei Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and Ichimura Uzaemon IX.

11th lunar month of 1770: Hangor˘ moved to the Moritaza and played in the kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Gi˘ Katsugi", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and Nakamura Noshio I.

5th lunar month of 1771: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

Fall 1771: Hangor˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1771: Hangor˘ became tachiyaku and played the role of Goshikigumi Kurohei, in reality Kuryű Saemon, in the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which was produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai and celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II; Hangor˘'s others stage partners were Onoe Shinshichi I, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I, Arashi T˘jűr˘, Arashi Shichigor˘ II, Band˘ Manz˘, Yamashita Shungor˘ and Fujikawa Sango.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1773: Hangor˘ went back to Edo to perform at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1773: Hangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Nenoi no ďyata and Wada Yoshimori in the kaomise drama "Kaeri Kiso Kigoto no Hatsumono", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1774: Hangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1774: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced for the first time at the Ichimuraza; Hangor˘ played the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1774: Hangor˘ became jitsuaku and performed at the Ichimuraza in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

9th lunar month of 1775: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Ashiya D˘man in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1775: Hangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of the villain Agenanosuke in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Nakamura Noshio I; this kaomise was a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

3rd lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the role of the villain Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ were played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV; the performance was a huge success and a long run but, in the middle of the 5th lunar month, both Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Hangor˘ fell sick and had to be replaced by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother, Amakawaya Gihei and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1776: Hangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Sugata no Hana Yuki no Kuronushi".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") was published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that Hangor˘ lives with his spouse Okishi and his two children in the district of Moto-ďzaka-Ch˘ and his annual salary was 750 ry˘.

8th lunar month of 1777: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Okaru's mother and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1777: Hangor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Chigo Torii Tobiiri Kitsune".

1st lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ was the kanjiku for jitsuaku actors in the Edo hy˘banki.

4th lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Yukie and Karaki Masaemon in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

11th lunar month of 1778: Hangor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in Masuyama Kinpachi I's kaomise drama "Sakimasuya Ume no Kachidoki", which welcomed in Edo the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1779: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Dankur˘ and Saisaki Iga-no-Kami in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1779: Hangor˘ moved to the Nakamuraza and played the roles of Tatara Hy˘gonosuke, Kuryű Saemon and Matsumoto Sahei in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Mangiku I. This production was a tremendous success.

2nd lunar month of 1780: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Hotei Ichiemon in "Gonin Otoko", the second part (nibanme) of the new year sogamono drama "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Karigane Bunshichi), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Gokuin Sen'emon), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (An no Heibei) and Nakamura Sukegor˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘).

6th lunar month of 1780: tour in the province of Echigo with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1780: Hangor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Teraoka Heiemon, Ono no Sadakur˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1781: short tour to Ky˘to; Hangor˘ performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

Fall 1781: Hangor˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1781: Hangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Ise no Asama Saemon in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata", which celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘; the management of the theater had to struggle hard to find the money to pay the actors. Hangor˘'s stage partners were Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Yoshizawa Ayame IV, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Onoe Monzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1782: Hangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kakuju, Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1782: Hangor˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, where he played the role of Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Sukeroku), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Agemaki) and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (the shirozake seller Shinbŕ). He fell ill and had to stop acting.

17th day of the 5th lunar month of 1782 [1]: Hangor˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Sakata Hangor˘ II was one of the top-ranking Edo jitsuaku actor of the second half of the 18th century. He was outstanding in villain roles in the aragoto style but was also excellent in jitsugoto roles, like ďboshi Yuranosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

[1] The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Tenmei era was the 27th of June 1782 in the western calendar.

[2] The 23rd day of the 4th lunar month of the 20th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 13th of June 1735 in the western calendar.

[3] The 25th day of the 10th lunar month of the 11th year of the H˘reki era was the 21st of November 1761 in the western calendar.

Sakata Hangor˘ II in a print made in 1770 by Ippitsusai Bunsh˘ for the Ehon Butai ďgi series of prints

The Sakata Hangor˘ line of actors

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunsh˘

 
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