HORIKOSHI NISďJI I

Pen names:

Horikoshi Nis˘ji I In Japanese
Horikoshi Saiy˘ In Japanese
Horikoshi Nis˘ji In Japanese
Sawamura Nis˘ji In Japanese

Existence: 1721 (?) ~ 1781 (?)

Connection:

Master: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I

Disciples: Sakurada Jisuke I, Okuno Sasuke, Horikoshi Zenji, Horikoshi Heijűr˘, Horikoshi T˘shir˘, Horikoshi Bunz˘, Horikoshi Jisuke, Horikoshi Saisuke, Nakamura Sanpei

Career:

11th lunar month of 1745: disciple of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, not an actor but a sakusha, Sawamura Nis˘ji works as a nimaime sakusha at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1749: Nis˘ji works at the Ichimuraza, along with Fujimoto Tobun and supported by Tsuuchi Sanzaemon, Tsuuchi Eisuke and Tsuda Mataichi, on the kaomise drama "Yoritomo Gunbai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1750: he becomes tatesakusha, takes the name of Horikoshi Nis˘ji and works at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Hatsuyuki Reijin no Sode".

11th lunar month of 1751: Nis˘ji works at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Honry˘ Hachinoki-zome", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actors Fujikawa Heikur˘ and Sanogawa Hanazuma II.

1st lunar month of 1752: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kuruwa Kuruwa Akinai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1752: Nis˘ji, who is about to leave Edo to go to Ky˘to, works as a tatesakusha at the Nakamuraza, along with Fujimoto Tobun, Sawai Chűz˘ and Matsuzawa Bunroku, on the kaomise drama "Akazawayama Sum˘ Nikki".

2nd lunar month of 1753: Nis˘ji works in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai on the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Matsuchiyama", which is produced by Arashi San'emon IV.

Fall 1753: Nis˘ji goes back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1753: Nis˘ji works at the Ichimuraza, along with Tsuuchi Sanzaemon, Horikoshi Zenji, Horikoshi Heijűr˘, on the kaomise drama "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which stars are Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, Band˘ Sanpachi I, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Arashi Wakano II, Osagawa Tsuneyo I, Nakamura Kumetar˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Ichimura Kamez˘ I, Arashi Otohachi I, Kasaya Matakur˘ I, Nakajima Kanzaemon II, Nakajima Mihoz˘ I and Yorozuya Mataz˘.

1st lunar month of 1754: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Satsuki Matsu Soga no Tachibana"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I and Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1756: Nis˘ji works at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Masakado Sh˘zoku no Enoki", which celebrates the arrival of Arashi Tominosuke I in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1757: Nis˘ji works at the Ichimuraza on the kaomise drama "Matsuhata Suma no Wakezato".

1st lunar month of 1758: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kujűsanki ďyose Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, Ichimura Kamez˘ I and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1758: Nis˘ji works at the Ichimuraza, along with Namiki Ry˘suke, Tsuuchi Denjűr˘ I, Nakamura Goichi and Okuno Sasuke, on the kaomise drama "Kaomise Sajikigadake".

1st lunar month of 1759: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Hatachiyama H˘rai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Sanogawa Ichimatsu I and Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1759: Nis˘ji works as a tatesakusha at the Nakamuraza, along with Sawai Chűz˘, Tsuuchi Seisuke and Ichizuka Heihachi, on the kaomise drama "Sh˘gaichi Kaomise Matsuri".

11th lunar month of 1760: no kaomise drama at the Nakamuraza, where Nis˘ji is tatesakusha.

11th lunar month of 1761: Nis˘ji works as a tatesakusha at the Ichimuraza on the kaomise drama "Wakamusha Koky˘ no Nishiki".

1st lunar month of 1762: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Nokon no Yuki Katsuiro Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1762: the role of the Heron Maiden ("Sagi Musume") is performed for the first time, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, by the star Segawa Kikunoj˘ II in a 5-role hengemono, which is written by Nis˘ji and entitled "Yanagi Hina Shoch˘ no Saezuri".

11th lunar month of 1762: Nis˘ji works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza, along with Namiki Ry˘suke, Tsuuchi Sabur˘ji, Horikoshi Heijűr˘, Horikoshi T˘shir˘, Fujii Hanz˘ and Ogi Ginji, on the kaomise drama "T˘zai T˘zai Wagakuni no Umeyashiki", which celebrates the shűmei of his disciple Band˘ Matahachi II.

2nd lunar month: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is staged under the supervision of Nis˘ji at the Moritaza [casting|illustrations].

11th lunar month of 1763: Nis˘ji works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Ume ya Suisen Izu no Irifune", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Sukegor˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1764: Nis˘ji works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Tagasode Yosooi Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1765: he takes the name of Horikoshi Saiy˘ and works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza, along with the sakusha Sakurada Jisuke I and Sawai Chűz˘, on the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Sakae Genji".

11th lunar month of 1766: Saiy˘ works at the Ichimuraza on the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Saiy˘ works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

Fall 1767 ~ Fall 1771: no record of any work in Edo; he retires from a Kabuki to take the tonsure in a buddhist temple.

11th lunar month of 1771: Saiy˘ works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza, assisted by the sakusha Ogi Batai, Nakamura Seikur˘ II, Sawai Chűz˘, Sei Hidez˘ and Sei Basetsu, on the kaomise drama "Fukikaete Tsuki no Yoshiwara", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Jűz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Saiy˘ works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Hatsu Akebono Niwatori Soga".

11th lunar month of 1772: Saiy˘ works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza, assisted by the sakusha Nakamura Torahachi, Masuyama Kinpachi I, Sei Hidez˘, Kasanui Sensuke I and Sei Basetsu, on the kaomise drama "Izu Goyomi Shibai no Ganjitsu", which celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV, Sawamura Kijűr˘ II and Mikuni Fujigor˘.

1st lunar month of 1773: Saiy˘ works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Iro Makie Soga no Sakazuki"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Noshio I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1773: Saiy˘ works as a tatesakusha at the Moritaza, assisted by the sakusha Kasanui Sensuke I, Yamada Heiz˘, Sawai Chűz˘, Hasegawa Zenkichi and Masuyama Kinpachi I, on the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

1st lunar month of 1774: Saiy˘ works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kite Hajime Hatsugai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Nakamura Jűz˘ II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1774: Saiy˘ moves to the Ichimuraza, where he works as a tatesakusha, assisted by the sakusha Okuno Sasuke, Nakamura Seikur˘ II, ďkoshi Shűz˘, Okuno Eiji and Nakamura Jűsuke II, on the kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

2nd lunar month of 1775: Saiy˘ works in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Sakae Soga Kagura no Taiko"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1776: he takes back the name of Horikoshi Nis˘ji and works at the Nakamuraza, along with Masuyama Kinpachi I, Okuno Sasuke, Namiki Risuke and Horikoshi Kikuji, on the kaomise drama "Sakuya Kono Hana no Kaomise". The ideogram for "Hori" is different from his previous pen name:

New Horikoshi Old Horikoshi
越二三治 越二三治

11th lunar month of 1777: he is expected to work at the Moritaza but he falls ill and can't work on the kaomise drama.

11th lunar month of 1781: Nis˘ji works at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Tokimekiya Oedo no Hatsuyuki", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata star Arashi Hinasuke I.

1781 (?): Nis˘ji dies in Edo.

Comments:

Horikoshi Nis˘ji I was an important Edo sakusha who was active from the middle of the 1740s to the beginning of the 1780s. He was the author of the lyrics of "Sagi Musume", one of the most famous dance-dramas in Kabuki history. He worked on more than 100 original dramas. "He was considered the quintessential high-toned literary man among contemporary dramatists."(Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia")

The name of Horikoshi Nis˘ji I in a 1751 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the left side of the picture)

 
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