SEGAWA KIKUJIRď I

Guild: Hamamuraya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Sengyo

Blazon: the spray of tied cotton (yui wata)

Existence: 1715 ~ 13th day of the 11th lunar month of 1756

Connections:

Master: Segawa Takenoj˘ I

Elder brother: Segawa Kikunoj˘ I

Father-in-law: Iwai Hanshir˘ III

Disciples: Segawa Kikusabur˘ I, Segawa Somematsu

Career:

1715 ~ 1722: born in Unshű according to some sources. He starts his career at a very young age, along with his elder brother, as disciples of the actor Segawa Takenoj˘ I who gives them the names of Segawa Kikujir˘ and Segawa Kikunoj˘. It is said Kikujir˘ appears on stage for the very first time in 1720 in Ky˘to but there is no reference to his name in the chronicles.

11th lunar month of 1722: Kikujir˘ plays the wakashugata role of Tsurumatsu in the kaomise drama "ďbashira Kogane no Sazare Ishi", which is produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater by his elder brother Segawa Kikunoj˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1723: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Oshioyama".

8th lunar month of 1723: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Kawarayabashi no Naniwa Kadomatsu".

12th lunar month of 1723: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kamejir˘, a wakashugata iroko role, in the drama "Teono Hajime Kogane no Ishizue".

1st lunar month of 1724: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Sakuragi, a wakaonnagata iroko role, in the drama "Keisei Futakamiyama".

11th lunar month of 1724: Kikujir˘ performs as a wakashugata in the kaomise drama "ďjigawa Kogane no Mizuguruma", which is staged in the same theater.

11th lunar month of 1726: Kikujir˘ starts to work as a zamoto in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater but the program is not performed.

9th lunar month of 1727: Kikujir˘ produces the play "Ise Heiji Nennen Kagami" in Ky˘to, starring Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1727: Kikujir˘ reverts to wakaonnagata role, portraying Princess Kameyo in the kaomise drama "Masu Kagami Eitai Gura", which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1728: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Keisei Sandaijin".

2nd lunar month of 1728: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Okura's daughter Otaka in Sawamura Bunji's drama "Keisei Makura Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Mori Saibŕ and his wife Okura are Fujikawa Heikur˘ and Asao Jűjir˘.

11th lunar month of 1728: Kikujir˘ plays the role of Kasane in the kaomise program "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which is produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater in Ky˘to. His stage partners are Arashi San'emon III, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Arashi Sangor˘ I and Nakamura Shingor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1729: Kikujir˘ moves to Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater in order to perform in the kaomise program "Fukuju Yakata Wag˘ no Futabashira", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1730: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior). He plays in the same theater the role of Okume in the new year drama "Keisei Kinukakeyama".

11th lunar month of 1730: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane".

1st lunar month of 1731: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Komatsu in the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama".

11th lunar month of 1731: Kikujir˘ settles in Edo and plays the role of Okuni in the kaomise program "Higashiyama Dono Eiga Butai", which is staged at the Ichimuraza. Kikujir˘'s performance is a triumphant success. His stage partners are ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Yamamoto Hikogor˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV, Sodesaki Iseno I, Hayakawa Shinkatsu, Sakata Hangor˘ I, Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1732: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent). Kikujir˘ plays the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the new year program "Sh˘chikubai Kongen Soga". This performance, which commemorates the 50th anniversary of the fire set by the real Oshichi, is a triumphant success.

11th lunar month of 1732: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Hiru-ga-Kojima".

1st lunar month of 1733: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the play "Sukeroku". His partner in the role of Sukeroku is Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1733: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Senju no Mae in the kaomise drama "Sh˘hon Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1734: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono "Nanakusa Nigiwai Soga". His partner in the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ is the Kamigata star Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1734: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the rebel Abe no Munet˘'s wife Kisakata in the kaomise drama "Michi-no-Ku Yunzei Genji". His stage partner in the role of Abe no Munet˘ is ďtani Hiroji I. Kikujir˘'s performance is a huge success.

1st lunar month of 1735: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the new year drama "Furiwakegami Hatsugai Soga".

11th lunar month of 1735: Kikujir˘ performs at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Kongen Nana Komachi".

1st lunar month of 1736: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the new year drama "Takarabune Bangaku no Gosho".

4th lunar month of 1736: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kageyu's wife in the drama "Hobashira Taiheiki"; his stage partner in the role of Kageyu Saemon is ďtani Hiroji I.

Summer 1736: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Onikage in the drama "T˘kaid˘ Yukumi Guruma". His stage partners are ďtani Hiroji I (the thief Mokuzu no Sanpei), Segawa Kikunoj˘ I (Sanpei's wife), Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Got˘ Saemon), Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV (Oguri Hangan) and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III (Ike no Sh˘ji).

11th lunar month of 1736: ďtani Hiroji I and the Segawa brothers, Kikunoj˘ and Kikujir˘, move to the Nakamuraza in order to perform in the kaomise program "Kuni no Tomi Sessh˘seki".

1st lunar month of 1737: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Tegoshi no Sh˘sh˘ in the new year program "Hatsu Hikage Maizuru Soga".

9th lunar month of 1737: the Nakamuraza organizes a special program to celebrate the coming Kamigata tour of Kikujir˘, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I and ďtani Hiroji I. Kikujir˘ plays the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1737: Kikujir˘ settles in Ky˘to and performs with his brother Kikunoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Kamiyo no Kagami", which is produced by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II (who celebrates his shűmei) at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater. Their stage partners are Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Shinozuka Kazaemon, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ III and Somenoi Utamatsu.

2nd lunar month of 1738: the Segawa brothers perform in the same theater in the play "Shimada Kagekiyo", which is a big audience failure.

3rd lunar month of 1738: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Murasame in the drama "Yukihira Isonare Matsu".

11th lunar month of 1738: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Neko no Ko no Koneko".

5th lunar month of 1739: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II for the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘ at the Minamigawa no Shibai; Kikujir˘ plays the role of Chidori [casting].

11th lunar month of 1739: Kikujir˘ settles in Edo and plays the role of Shinzaemon's daughter Okiku in the kaomise program "Miyakozome Kaoru Hachinoki", which is staged at the Nakamuraza. His stage partners are Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1740: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ise no Oishi in the drama "Jokun'˘ Mukaeshi".

11th lunar month of 1740: Kikujir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of the courtesan Katsuragi (Nagoya Sanza's lover) in the kaomise program "Kichirei Imagawaj˘", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Matsushima Moheiji. Kikujir˘'s stage partners in the roles of Nagoya Sanza and Fuwa Banzaemon are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1741: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďiso no Tora in the new year drama "Wakamidori Kaneiri Soga". His stage partner in the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ is Ichimura Uzaemon VIII.

3rd lunar month of 1741: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). Kikujir˘, in duo with Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, achieves a great success in the same theater in a "Musume D˘j˘ji" dance.

8th lunar month of 1741: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the leading role of the drama "Onna Hinin Katakiuchi" ("The revenge of the outcast woman"). His performance is a great success.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the double of Ono no Komachi and Funawaka Gor˘'s wife in the kaomise program "Sugatae Onna Narihira".

1st lunar month of 1742: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hata Emon's wife in the new year drama "Fuji Miru Sato Sakae Soga". The role of Hata Emon is played by ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1742: Kikujir˘ moves to ďsaka and plays the role of Murasame in the kaomise drama "Sangoku Denrai no Ishi", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Kado no Shibai. His stage partners are Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Yamashita Kinsaku I and Mihogi Gizaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1743: Kikujir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1743: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Renri no Higan Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1743: Kikujir˘ performs one more time, in the same theater, the leading role of the drama "Onna Hinin Katakiuchi".

7th lunar month of 1743: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the great role of Onna Narukami in the drama "Onna Narukami Furiwake Soga". He also play one more time the leading role of the drama "Onna Hinin Katakiuchi".

Fall 1743: Kikujir˘ and his disciple Segawa Somematsu go together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1743: Kikujir˘ performs at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Ishizue Taiheiki", which also celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1744: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Akoya, the courtesan Miura no Takao and Yaoya Oshichi in the new year drama "Nanakusa Wakayagi Soga".

7th lunar month of 1744: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Okuni, the legendary woman who created Kabuki, in the drama "Kaibyaku Imagawaj˘".

11th lunar month of 1744: Kikujir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, where his brother is the leading onnagata, and performs in the kaomise drama "Kach˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1745: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Suketsune's daughter Shiragiku in the new year sogamono "Hagoromo Kotobuki Soga". The role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune is played by Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1745: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Osome in the drama "Higashiyama Dono Takara no Ishizue". His stage partner in the role of Hisamatsu, Osome's lover, is Sanogawa Ichimatsu I.

11th lunar month of 1745: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Suehiro Izu Nikki", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Fujikawa Heikur˘ and the shűmei of ďtani Hiroemon II and Nakamura Denkur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1746: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Danshichi's wife Kiku in the new year drama "Fuji no Yuki Mitsugi Soga".

6th lunar month of 1746: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Goheiji's wife in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1746: Kikujir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Daizen's daughter Oyuki in the kaomise drama "Aioi Izu Nikki". This program celebrates the arrival at the Ichimuraza the Kamigata actors Iwai Hanshir˘ III and Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1747: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Yatsuhashi in the new year drama "Tamakushige Yosooi Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1747: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Kikujir˘ plays the role of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo [casting]. His stage partner in the role of Matsu˘maru is Nakamura Sukegor˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1747: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chiyo in the drama "Onna Kan Sh˘j˘ Utsutsu no Narukami", whose plot and characters belong to the "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" world. His stage partner in the role of Matsu˘maru (Chiyo's husband) is Nakamura Sukegor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1747: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Inu no Tsubone in the drama "Mangetsu Oguri Yakata".

11th lunar month of 1747: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hasebe Ch˘bŕ's wife in the kaomise drama "Shusse Momijigari". His stage partner in the role of Hasebe Ch˘bŕ is Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1748: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in the new year drama "Mon-zukushi Nagoya Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and Nagoya Sanza are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

Spring 1748: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partner in the role of Matsu˘marsu (Chiyo's wife) is Nakamura Sukegor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1748: Kikujir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Shunkan's sister in the kaomise program "Onna Moji Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1749: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is kant˘-dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (leadoff - grand - superior - superior - excellent). Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shigetada's wife and Yaoya Oshichi in the new year program "Otoko Moji Soga Monogatari".

3rd lunar month of 1749: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Ie Zakura", sharing the stage with Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II (Sukeroku), Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II (the sake-seller) and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I (Ikyű).

6th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" is produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; Kikujir˘ plays the role of Osono [casting].

9th lunar month of 1749: his elder brother Segawa Kikunoj˘ I dies.

11th lunar month of 1749: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hikoshichi's sister Shirotae in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki". His stage partner in the role of ďmori Hikoshichi is Nakamura Denkur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1750: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Koume in the new year program "ďkazari Saiwai Soga".

4th lunar month of 1750: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘'s wife Karaito in the drama "Shigetada Kariba Nikki". His stage partner in the role of Ky˘ no Jir˘ is Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1750: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ran-no-Kata in the drama "Shio Mitsutama Kazaori Komachi".

9th lunar month of 1750: Kikujir˘ takes part in the special program "Kanadehon Shijűshichiji" commemorating the first anniversary of the death of Segawa Kikunoj˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1750: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hotoke Gozen in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Wakaki no Ume Taira no Kiyomori".

1st lunar month of 1751: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Mank˘ and Osugi new year drama "Izu Kosode Sh˘bai Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1751: premiere in Edo at the Nakamuraza of the play "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna" in which Kikujir˘ plays the role of Shigenoi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1751: Kikujir˘ achieves a great success by playing the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in the play "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya", which is staged in the same theater. His stage partner in the role of Nagoya Sanza, Katsuragi's lover, is Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1751: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of J˘nosuke's wife Asaoka in the kaomise program "Honry˘ Hachinoki-zome". His stage partner in the role of Akita J˘nosuke is Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1752: Kikujir˘ plays the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon's sister in the new year sogamono "Kuruwa Kuruwa Akinai Soga". He also performs at the end of the program the leading role of "Onna Narukami".

4th lunar month of 1752: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sagami, Iwa and Sugawaradayű in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". His stage partner in the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane is Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1752: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Adachiya no Kurozuka in the drama "Moro Tazuna ďshű Kuro". His stage partners are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II (Abe no Sadat˘), Nakamura Sukegor˘ I (Abe no Munet˘) and Fujikawa Heikur˘ (Toriumi Gengor˘).

11th lunar month of 1752: Kikujir˘ performs at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Akazawayama Sum˘ Nikki".

1st lunar month of 1753: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the new year drama "Otokodate Hatsugai Soga".

9th lunar month of 1753: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chidori in the drama "Katakiuchi Iwao no Kikusui".

11th lunar month of 1753: Kikujir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Oguruma in the kaomise program "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Kasaya Matakur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1754: Kikujir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent). Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ofusa in the new year drama "Satsuki Matsu Soga no Tachibana".

3rd lunar month of 1754: the play "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" is staged at the Ichimuraza but it is a commercial failure. Kikujir˘ performs the leading role of the drama "Onna Hinin Katakiuchi" ("The revenge of the outcast woman") and it's a success.

5th lunar month of 1754: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Fujitsubo no Naishi in the drama "San no Tomi Genji Rokuj˘ Gayoi".

11th lunar month of 1754: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and Matsumoto K˘z˘ take the respective names of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III. Kikujir˘ plays the role of Mank˘ in the kaomise drama "Miura no ďsuke Bumon no Kotobuki".

1st lunar month of 1755: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Wat˘nai's wife and the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ in the new year program "Waka Midori Nishiki Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Wat˘nai and Soga Gor˘ (Sh˘sh˘'s lover) are Nakamura Sukegor˘ I and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1755: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami J˘nin Kitayama Zakura" [print]; the role of the wicked priest Narukami is played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV.

8th lunar month of 1755: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Matsubaya Somenosuke in the drama "Shida Ch˘ja Bashira".

11th lunar month of 1755: Kikujir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Mank˘ in the kaomise program "Kashiwagat˘ge Kichirei Sum˘".

3rd lunar month of 1756: Kikujir˘ performs in the same theater in the drama "Gonin Otoko Toshidama Monzukushi Kakeai".

7th lunar month of 1756: Kikujir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chiyo in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Yoi K˘shin". His stage partner in the role of Hanbei is Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1756: Kikujir˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Ichimuraza, performing in the drama "Kaeribana Kon'˘ Zakura", which celebrates the shűmei of Segawa Kikunoj˘ II. Kikujir˘ falls suddenly ill and dies the 13th of this month. His tombstone is located in the precinct of the Daiunji Temple in the district of Oshiage.

Comments:

Segawa Kikujir˘ was an outstanding onnagata actor, who started his career in Kamigata and won fame for himself in Edo. Although he did not surpass his amazing brother Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, he was excellent in courtesan, lover, chivalrous woman and Onna Kar˘ roles and he was appreciated by the audience in both Jidaimono and Sewamono, especially in tragic or woman jealousy scenes. His elocution was impeccable.

Best roles: Yaoya Oshichi, the courtesan Agemaki ("Sukeroku"), Shigenoi, ďiso no Tora, Kuzu-no-Ha, Onna Narukami, Onna Shunkan, the leading role of "Mugen no Kane".

The brothers Segawa Kikujir˘ I (standing) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I playing the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and Nagoya Sanza in a print made by Torii Kiyomasu II

Print made by Torii Kiyohiro in 1755

 
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