BANDď HIKOSABURď I

Stage names:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I In Japanese
Band˘ Kikumatsu I In Japanese
Shinozuka Kikumatsu In Japanese

Other name: Band˘ Shinsui I

Guild: Yorozuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shinsui (1)

Crest: a crane spreading its wing in a circle

Existence: 1693 ~ 1st day of the 1st lunar month of 1751 [1]

Connection:

Master: Band˘ Matatar˘ I

Uncle: Shinozuka Jirozaemon I

Son(s): Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II, Band˘ Yasuke (?) [2]

Son-in-law: Onoe Kikugor˘ I

Disciples: Band˘ Manz˘, Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I

Career:

1693 ~ 1706: according to some sources, he was the nephew of the tachiyaku Shinozuka Jirozaemon I. According to others, he was from a samurai family settled in Fushimi in the Yamashiro Province (southern part of the current Ky˘to prefecture). There were also some who made the assumption that he was born in the Sagami province. His first stage name was Shinozuka Kikumatsu. He became disciple of Band˘ Matatar˘ I and received the name of Band˘ Kikumatsu I.

28th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1704 [3]: his master Band˘ Matatar˘ I died.

Fall 1706: Kikumatsu, his uncle Shinozuka Jirozaemon I and his uncle's son Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1706: Kikumatsu played the eponymous role of the kaomise drama "Kant˘ Koroku", which was produced by his uncle Shinozuka Jirozaemon I at ďsaka Tazaemon's theater.

11th lunar month of 1707: Band˘ Kikumatsu I took the name of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, playing the role of Kanehira in the drama "Hyakuma Yamanba", which was staged in the same theater.

11th lunar month of 1711: Hikosabur˘ settled in Ky˘to and played the role of Fukushima Naniwanosuke in the drama "Mannen Gura", which was produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I and Sodesaki Karyű at the nadai Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater.

11th lunar month of 1714: Hikosabur˘ was back in ďsaka and played the role of ďgiri Jinnoj˘ in the drama "Bandai-ga-Ike no Tsurukame", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I at the nadai Shioya Kuroemon's theater.

1st lunar month (spring?) of 1715: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi", which was entitled "Daiky˘ji" and was staged in ďsaka; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Mohei [casting].

Fall 1715: Hikosabur˘ went back in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1715: Hikosabur˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Noge Kisabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Manp˘ Chitose no Matsu", which was produced by Yamatoya Jinbŕ III at the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater.

11th lunar month of 1716: Hikosabur˘ played in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Takara Sh˘z˘ in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Tenjin Fukuju Musume", which was produced by Yamatoya Jinbŕ III.

11th lunar month of 1717: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Godai Sabur˘ in the play "ďmu Gaeshi Momotose Gitsune", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; his stage partners were Onoe Samon, Kirinami Takie, Sawamura Otoemon I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I and Band˘ Matajűr˘ I.

23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1718 [4]: his uncle Shinozuka Jirozaemon I died.

2nd lunar month of 1718: First Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Nihon Furisode Hajime", which was produced by the zamoto Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Somin Sh˘rai [casting].

Fall 1719: Hikosabur˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1719: Hikosabur˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Tomihara Isenosuke in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Mitsu Gashiwa", which was produced by Kaneko Kichizaemon.

11th lunar month of 1723: great kaomise in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai to celebrate the arrival of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I. The zamoto Arashi San'emon III produced the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hanagata" in which Hikosabur˘ played the role of Gennai.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; Hikosabur˘ played the roles of Soga Gor˘ and Kokusen'ya [more details].

Fall 1724: Hikosabur˘ settled in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1724: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Naniwa Irienosuke in the kaomise drama "Sanmen Daikoku Mangoku Dawara", which was produced by the zamoto Mihogi Gizaemon I at the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1725: Hikosabur˘ performed in the kaomise drama "Senzai Gura Sangai Matsu", which was produced by the zamoto Arashi Jűjir˘ at the nadai Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater; his stage partners were ďtani Hiroji I and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1726: his rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shared the same rank with Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I and ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1726: Hikosabur˘ played in the kaomise drama "Shinz˘ Kishi no Himematsu", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1727: Hikosabur˘ went back in Edo after 23 years spent in Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1727: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Naoe Yamatonosuke in the kaomise drama "Goshozome K˘y˘ Gunki", which was staged at the Ichimuraza.

1st lunar month of 1728: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shared the same rank with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroji I and Ichikawa Danz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1729: great kaomise at the Nakamuraza starring the 4 tachiyaku Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroji I and Hikosabur˘, who performed together in the kaomise drama "Ume Goyomi Konrei Nagoya".

Fall 1730: The actors Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroji I, Ogino Izabur˘ I and Hikosabur˘ performed together in the drama "Meigetsu Gonin Otoko" ("Five men under the August moon"), which was staged in the same theater [casting].

11th lunar month of 1730: Hikosabur˘ moved to the Ichimuraza and played the role of Aoto Saemon in the kaomise drama "Hiragana Tokiwa Hachinoki".

Fall 1735: Hikosabur˘ settled in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1735: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Kasai Gonbŕ in the kaomise drama "Toyo no Asahi Eitaigura", which was produced by the zamoto Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Kiyosabur˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1736: his rank in ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shared the same rank with Arashi Sangor˘ I, Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I and Tamiya Shirogor˘.

11th lunar month of 1736: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Hirose Jűnai in the kaomise drama "Banshű Onna Narihira", which was produced by Yoshizawa Ayame II at the ďnishi no Shibai.

Fall 1737: Hikosabur˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1737: Hikosabur˘ played the role of Ashikaga Matatar˘ in the kaomise drama "Genji Kumo ďgi no Shiba", which was staged at the Ichimuraza; the line-up included Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Tsuruya Nanboku II and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

Fall 1738: Hikosabur˘ played in the same theater the role of Tsukimoto Mushanosuke in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima". He went to ďsaka in the company of the actor Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I and the playwright Tsuuchi Jihŕ II.

11th lunar month of 1738: Hikosabur˘ played with Segawa Kikunoj˘ I in the kaomise drama "Kusunoki Yakata Sennen Gitsune", which was produced in ďsaka by Yoshizawa Ayame II at the ďnishi no Shibai.

Fall 1740: Hikosabur˘ went back in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1740: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the kaomise drama "Kichirei Imagawaj˘", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Matsushima Moheiji; Hikosabur˘ confronted Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I in the role of Nagoya Sanza in a great "Sayaate" scene.

11th lunar month of 1741: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of the yakko Komahei, in reality Ban no Saemon, in the kaomise drama "Sugatae Onna Narihira", which celebrated the return in Edo of ďtani Hiroji I and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I; his others stage partners were Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Matsushima Moheiji, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Miyazaki Jűshir˘ II, Ichiyama Dengor˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I and Ichimura Manz˘.

1st lunar month of 1742: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Fuji Miru Sato Sakae Soga".

11th lunar month of 1742: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Abe no Munet˘ in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I; his stage partners were Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Sanogawa Senz˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I, Sawamura Utagiku and Ichimura Manz˘.

11th lunar month of 1743: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Bingo no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Ishizue Taiheiki", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actors Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I and Segawa Somematsu.

11th lunar month of 1744: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Sat˘ Tsuginobu in the kaomise drama "Tono Zukuri Genji Jűnidan".

11th lunar month of 1745: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of ďmori Hikoshichi in the kaomise drama "Onna Kusunoki Yosooi Kagami", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata onnagata Yoshizawa Ayame II.

11th lunar month of 1746: Hikosabur˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Kamakura Gonnodayű in the kaomise drama "ďtorii Gojűshigun".

11th lunar month of 1747: Hikosabur˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Shusse Momijigari".

1st lunar month of 1748: his rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1748: Hikosabur˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Sano Genzaemon in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "H˘kas˘ Yunzei Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji II.

5th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was performed for the first time at the Ichimuraza; Hikosabur˘ played the leading role of ďboshi Yuranosuke.

11th lunar month of 1749: Hikosabur˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Soga Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Yoritomo Gunbai Kagami".

1st day of the 1st lunar month of 1751 [1]: Hikosabur˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I was a tachiyaku actor who made an outstanding career during the first half of the eighteenth century in Edo, Ky˘to and ďsaka. He was excellent in jitsugotoshi or bud˘goto roles. He won fame for himself in both Edo and the Kamigata area. in Edo, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I was one of the 4 stars called Shitenn˘ ("the big four", this expression comes from the four Deva kings in Buddhism) by the Edo audience (the three others were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I and ďtani Hiroji I).

[1] The 1st day of the 1st lunar month of the 4th year of the Kan'en era was the 27th of January 1751 in the western calendar.

[2] Band˘ Yasuke was the nephew of the first wife of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I. He was also rumored to be the real son of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I.

[3] The 28th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 17th year of the Genroku era was the 2nd of April 1704 in the western calendar.

[4] The 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of the 3rd year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 22nd of February 1718 in the western calendar.

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I (left) and Sodesaki Miwano I (right)

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni (1862~1863)

Prints & Illustrations

The Band˘ Kikumatsu line of actors

The Band˘ Shinsui line of actors

The Band˘ Hikosabur˘ line of actors

 
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