TOMIZAWA MONTARď I

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Kinshi

Existence: ??? ~ Summer 1743

Connection:

Master(s): Tomizawa Samanosuke II (?), Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I (?)

Son (?): Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ III

Adopted son: Tomizawa Kiyosaki

Disciples: Tomizawa Montar˘ II, Tomizawa Tsuneyo, Tomizawa Ch˘nosuke

Career:

Before 1717: he starts his career in ďsaka as a disciple of Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I (according to most of the books we've checked but we doubt it as this actor is in Edo since 1684!). We do think that his real master is Tomizawa Samanosuke II, a disciple of Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I's master Tomizawa Samanosuke I (the founder of the Tomizawa clan).

11th lunar month of 1717: Montar˘ performs as a wakaonnagata in ďsaka in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which is produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

Fall 1729: Montar˘ goes to Ky˘to for the first time.

11th lunar month of 1729: Montar˘ plays the role of Ofumi in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Shichigosan", which is produced by the nadai Daikokuya Takenoj˘ and the zamoto Arashi Koroku I.

1st lunar month of 1730: Montar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior). He shares the same rank with Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1731: Montar˘ plays the role of Gengobŕ's wife Okatsu in the kaomise drama "Hirakana Imagawaj˘", which is produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I (who plays the role of Gengobŕ), Sanogawa Mangiku, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Yashio Ikuemon, Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and Arashi San'emon III.

1st lunar month of 1732: Montar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Montar˘ plays the role of Akoya [casting].

11th lunar month of 1732: Montar˘ plays in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater in the kaomise drama "Hanazaki Kogane no Hanabusa"; his stage partners are Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I, Arashi Kanshir˘ I, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Matsushima Moheiji, Kirinami Takie, Fujioka Daikichi, Shinozuka Kazaemon and Arashi Koroku I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Montar˘ plays at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the role of the courtesan Oishi in the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Shikigawara", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1734: Montar˘ plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater (Ky˘to) the role of the keisei Takakura in the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata Kogane no Yaguruma", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Montar˘ plays the role of Kuzu-no-Ha [casting].

11th lunar month of 1735: Montar˘ plays the role of Kowata in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

Fall 1736: Montar˘ goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1736: Montar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Miyako-no-Mae in the kaomise program "Izu Genji H˘rai Yakata", which celebrates the shűmei of Tsuruya Nanboku II.

11th lunar month of 1737: Montar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Sanuki in the kaomise program "Genji Kumo ďgi no Shiba", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichimura Uzaemon VIII.

3rd lunar month of 1738: Montar˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shares the same rank with Anegawa Kiyosabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1738: Montar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise program "Mitsugibune Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1739: Montar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku J˘mon no Hanabusa"; the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű are played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1739: Montar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Kageyu's wife Naniwazu in Fujimoto Tobun's kaomise drama "Tokiwagi Taiheiki". The role of Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon is played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I.

Fall 1740: Montar˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1740: Montar˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Shinra Genji Shimada Gump˘", which is produced by Sanogawa Hanazuma II at the Naka no Shibai. His stage partners are ďtani Hiroji I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ III, Yamatoyama Jinzaemon II, Fujikawa Heikur˘, Kamakura Heikur˘ I, Yoshizawa Ayame II and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

1st lunar month of 1741: Montar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is two little strokes below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1741: Montar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kikusui Kageyu's wife Sawaragi in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Yakata Bandai no Kame", which is produced Fujikawa Kamenoi; the role of Kikusui Kageyu is played by Fujikawa Heikur˘.

1st lunar month of 1742: Montar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shares this rank with Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

11th lunar month of 1742: Montar˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Otora in the kaomise drama "Kud˘ Suketsune ďiso Gayoi", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1743: Montar˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the ďnishi no Shibai, where he plays in the drama "Kashű Hachi Katsugi Monogatari". He suddenly falls ill and dies.

Comments:

Tomizawa Montar˘ I was a popular and talented Kamigata onnagata actor, who made his career during the first half of the 18th century. He was able to play a wide range of roles, as musume, hime, ny˘b˘ or keisei, equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas. He was also expert in onna bud˘ and achieved a reputation as a musician. It is also worthy to note that he was the first Kabuki actor to perform two of the most famous female roles: Akoya in "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki" and Kuzu-no-Ha in "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

The actor Tomizawa Montar˘ I playing the role of Gaku no Kosan in the drama "Musubi Gami Hisui no Yanagi", which was staged in the 5th lunar month of 1737 at the Ichimuraza (print made by Okumura Masanobu)

Print made by Okumura Masanobu in 1737

 
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