MATSUSHIMA HYďTARď

Stage name:

Matsushima Hy˘tar˘ In Japanese

Pen name:

Matsuda Hyakka In Japanese | In Japanese

Poetry name: Hyakka

Existence: ??? ~ 1764 (?)

Connection:

Master: Matsushima Hanshichi II

Brothers: Matsuya Raisuke I, Izumikawa Sennosuke

Disciple: Matsushima Sakuya II (?)

Career:

Before 1711: he became disciple of Matsushima Hanshichi II, received the name of Matsushima Hy˘tar˘ and was trained to be a wakaonnagata actor.

Winter 1711 (1st lunar month?): Hy˘tar˘'s name appeared for the first time on the Kabuki playbill of a major theater; he played the role of Sakura no Naishi in the drama "Onna Sh˘j˘", which was produced in ďsaka by Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1717: Hy˘tar˘ played in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the role of Hikokur˘'s ny˘b˘ Fujinami in the kaomise drama "Meryű Oryű Kogane no Uroko", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III.

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hy˘tar˘ played the role of Chidori [casting].

11th lunar month of 1720: Hy˘tar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Princess Kameyo [illustration] in the kaomise drama "Hana Yakata Chibikizuru", which was produced by Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1722: Hy˘tar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Gi˘ in the kaomise drama "Shingoten Aioi no Komatsu", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III.

12th lunar month of 1722: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Nebiki no Kadomatsu", which was originally written in the 1st lunar month of 1718. The play was staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai under the new title "Yamazaki Yojibŕ Hanchű Bushi"; Hy˘tar˘ played the role of the courtesan Fujiya Azuma [casting].

11th lunar month of 1723: Hy˘tar˘ became zamoto and produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Chűshin Futaba no Matsu", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

Fall 1724: Hy˘tar˘ went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1724: Hy˘tar˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Chitose in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I, Ogino Izabur˘ I, Nakamura Kichibŕ I, Ogawa Zengor˘ I, Sodesaki Miwano I, Mimasuya Sukejűr˘ I, Fujimura Handayű II, Nakajima Mihoemon I and Kamakura Ch˘kur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1725: Hy˘tar˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

5th lunar month of 1725: Hy˘tar˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in a great "Sayaate" scene; the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and Nagoya Sanza were played by Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, who had just joined the Ichimuraza.

Fall 1725: Hy˘tar˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1725: Hy˘tar˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Azuma in kaomise drama "Gokoku J˘ju Naniwa no Yakata".

1st lunar month of 1726: Hy˘tar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

Fall 1726: Hy˘tar˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1726: Hy˘tar˘ became zamoto and produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the kaomise drama "Karanishiki Imose no Shitone", in which he played the role of Todoroki K˘emon's sister Tokoyo; the role of K˘emon was played by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1731: Hy˘tar˘ played in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the role of Kazuki no Oman in the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama".

11th lunar month of 1737: Hy˘tar˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fukakusa-no-In Sann˘ no Maki", which was produced by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1738: Hy˘tar˘ played in the same theater the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Shinoda-zuma"; the roles of Abe no Yasuna and Ashiya D˘man are played by Arashi San'emon III and Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1738: Hy˘tar˘ moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of the keisei Inaba in the kaomise drama "Sanpukutsui Kogane no Ichigura", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1739: Hy˘tar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was finally back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

Fall 1739: Hy˘tar˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1739: Hy˘tar˘ performed in the kaomise drama "Senzai Yakata Kogane no Shikigawara", which was produced by Arashi Koroku I.

1st lunar month of 1740: Hy˘tar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He was the kanjiku for wakaonnagata actors.

11th lunar month of 1741: Hy˘tar˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Komatsu in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Yakata Bandai no Kame", which was produced by Fujikawa Kamenoi.

1747: tour in Ise and Nagoya.

1751: he became playwright in ďsaka, using the pen name Matsuda Hyakka.

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act maruhonmono drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi" in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hyakka not only worked on it as a sakusha but he also exceptionally performed on stage, under his usual name of Matsushima Hy˘tar˘, playing the role of Azumaya's mother [casting]. He also changed the writing of the first name of his pen name:

Old writing for Hyakka New writing
百華 百花

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

7th lunar month of 1762: he took part as an assistant playwright in the production of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Shippei Tar˘ Kaidanki", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai.

Comments:

Matsushima Hy˘tar˘ was a wakaonnagata, who made his career from the beginning of the 1710s to the beginning of the 1760s. He performed mainly in Kamigata and excelled in sewa ny˘b˘ roles. He made a short and very successful season in Edo in 1724~1725, which led to the creation of many prints. He became playwright at the end of his career but did not take part in the creation of any major work. He most likely died in 1764.

Matsushima Hy˘tar˘

Prints & Illustrations

 
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