NAKAYAMA SHINKURď I

Stage names:

Wakayama Shinkur˘
Nakayama Shinkur˘ I
Nakayama Shinjűr˘
Anegawa Shinkur˘
Matsumoto Kaheiji

Other name: Nakayama Icch˘ I

Guild: Izumiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Icch˘ (1)

Existence: 1702 ~ 3rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1775

Connections:

Brother: Anegawa Shinshir˘ I

Father-in-law: Izumikawa Sennosuke

Adopted son: Nakayama Bunshichi I

Disciples: Nakayama Monjűr˘, Nakayama Shinkur˘ II, Nakayama Tatsunosuke, Nakayama Hyakujir˘, Nakayama Ikumatsu, Nakayama Kamematsu, Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ III, Matsuya Shinjűr˘, Hyakumura Tomokur˘ I

Career:

1702 ~ 1716: born in Kamigata. He starts his career at an early age, playing under the name of Matsumoto Kaheiji in children-actors troupes. He takes the name of Anegawa Shinkur˘ at an unknown date.

2nd lunar month of 1716: Anegawa Shinkur˘ takes the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘, playing in the drama "Ch˘ja Mannengura", which is produced in ďsaka by Sugiyama Heihachi and Nakamura Gentar˘.

11th lunar month of 1723: Nakayama Shinjűr˘ takes the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Watanabe Kingo Katsuharu in the kaomise drama "Chűshin Futaba no Matsu", which is produced by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

1st lunar month of 1724: Shinkur˘ achieves a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Akamatsu Sokuyű in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

11th lunar month of 1728: Shinkur˘ achieves a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Hideyama Sanzaemon in the kaomise drama "Aioi Ch˘ja Sangai-gura", which is produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1731: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Yamamoto Kansuke in the drama "Takechi Jűbŕ Miyako Nishiki", which is produced in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shinkur˘ becomes zamoto at the Kado no Shibai, working for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon; he produces the kaomise drama "Shin Yakata In'y˘ no Ishizue" with the following line-up: Sawamura Otoemon I, Izumikawa Sennosuke, Tamiya Shirogor˘, Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Kamakura Heikur˘ I and Matsushima Moheiji.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shinkur˘ becomes zamoto at the Naka no Shibai, working for the same nadai; he writes and produces the kaomise drama "Fur˘mon Kon no Shikigawara" with the following line-up: Arashi San'emon III, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Nakamura Jűz˘ I and Fujikawa Heikur˘.

11th lunar month of 1737: Shinkur˘ produces at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Fukakusa-no-In Sann˘ no Maki".

8th lunar month of 1738: Shinkur˘ produces in the same theater the drama "Shinoda Zuma"; the roles of Ashiya D˘man, Abe no Yasuna and Kuzu-no-Ha are played by Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II, Arashi San'emon III and Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

11th lunar month of 1738: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Ono Tanzaemon in the kaomise drama "Fuji Daiko Wag˘ no Shirabe", which is produced by Arashi Sangor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

Fall 1739: Shinkur˘ settles in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1739: Nakayama Shinkur˘ I takes back the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘, playing the role of Tamura Gennoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I. The program includes the shosagoto "D˘j˘ji", in which Shinjűr˘ achieves a great success by playing the leading role.

11th lunar month of 1740: he goes back to ďsaka, takes back the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and achieves a great success by playing in the kaomise drama "Hanaikusa Nishiki no Manmaku" and the dance "D˘j˘ji", which are produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1741: Shinkur˘ goes to Edo and plays at the Nakamuraza in Hayakawa Denshir˘'s drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki"; his stage partners are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘ and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I. Shinkur˘ plays the leading role of the shosagoto "D˘j˘ji".

1st lunar month of 1742: Shinkur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1742: Shinkur˘ goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1742: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Todoroki K˘suke in the kaomise drama "Kud˘ Suketsune ďiso Gayoi", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1744: Shinkur˘ plays the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in Matsuya Raisuke I's drama "Otokodate Gojitsu Kagami", which is produced at the Naka no Shibai by his brother Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. Shinkur˘ wears ons stage the anegawa geta ("Anegawa wooden clogs) and the anegawa zukin ("Anegawa hood"), which started a new fashion in ďsaka when Shinshir˘ used them in the 1st lunar month of 1743 in the drama "Kurofune Isse Ichidai Otoko".

1st lunar month of 1745: Shinkur˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1745: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Yokanpei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai; his stage partners are Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakamura Jűz˘ I (Ashiya D˘man), Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Sakon Tar˘), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Yakanpei, Sh˘gen) and Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha).

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which starts a competition for the best performance and line-up; Shinkur˘ plays the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ at the ďnishi no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1747: Shinkur˘ goes to Ky˘to, takes back the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘ and plays in the kaomise drama "Meiken Kogane Zukuri", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

1750: tour in Ise.

11th lunar month of 1750: Shinjűr˘ plays in Matsuya Raisuke I's kaomise drama "Kaikei Wag˘ Hanayakata", which is produced in Ky˘to by Miyako Handayű.

1st lunar month of 1751: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto", which is produced in Ky˘to by Miyako Handayű at his theater; Shinjűr˘ plays the roles of Kazusanosuke Tsunehiro and the farmer Jűsaku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1751: Shinjűr˘ joins his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I, the zamoto working with the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű in another theater in Ky˘to. The two actors play together in the kaomise drama "En no Gy˘ja ďmine Zakura".

Fall 1752: Shinkur˘ and Nakayama Bunshichi I go together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1752: Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakayama Bunshichi I take the respective names of Wakayama Shinkur˘ and Wakayama Bunshichi at the ďnishi no Shibai, performing in the kaomise program "Ky˘ Miyage Matsuri Zoroe", which is produced by Sanj˘ Sadasuke; their stage partners are Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, ďtani Hirohachi I, Iwata Somematsu I, Matsushima Kiyosaki, Ichimura Sanohachi, Kirishima Gizaemon, Kiriyama Monji I, Matsushima Moheiji, Takenaka Heikichi, Murayama Heijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Shirogor˘ III.

Fall 1755: Wakayama Shinkur˘ takes back the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1756: Shinkur˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "ďmatsu Kyokusuke Tanzen Ropp˘".

11th lunar month of 1758: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Tankai S˘shin in the drama "Arigatashi Fujiwara Keizu", which is produced by his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which is a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Shinkur˘ plays the role of Gonbŕ [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Shinkur˘ plays the roles of Kakuju and Fujiwara no Shihei in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai. His stage partners are Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘e, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrates the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play is staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Shinkur˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shund˘ Sukedayű [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1765: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Takemura no Sadashin at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Koi Nyobo Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1765: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Wada Shimpochi in the drama "Hana Yagura Kikigaki Taiheiki", which is produced in ďsaka by Anegawa Kikuhachi.

12th lunar month of 1766: Shinkur˘ plays the role of Gonshir˘ in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is produced by Arashi Hinasuke I at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners are Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada), Arashi Koroku I (Enju), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

11th lunar month of 1767: Shinkur˘ and Bunshichi go together to Ky˘to and play in the kaomise drama "Shinchoku Fukki no Kanatoko", which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘; Shinkur˘ plays the role of Asai Kenmotsu.

11th lunar month of 1768: Shinkur˘ and Bunshichi go together ďsaka and play in the kaomise drama "K˘mei Daifukuch˘", which is produced by the zamoto Mimasu Tanin I at the Naka no Shibai; Shinkur˘ plays the role of the deity Fukurokuju.

Spring 1771: tour in Ise with Bunshichi, Yamamura K˘z˘ and Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I; Shinkur˘ plays the roles of Yazaemon ("Sushiya") and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1772: Shinkur˘ appears on stage for the last time (isse ichidai performance); he plays the role of Hanzaemon in the drama "Monogusa Tar˘", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

Comments:

Nakayama Shinkur˘ I was one of the best tachiyaku of the eighteenth century. He was renowned for his great voice and the perfection of his lines delivery. Jitsugotoshi roles were his forte and he was also an outstanding jitsuaku.

Nakayama Shinkur˘ I in an illustration from the book "Sanga no Tsu Yakusha Meijin Furue" (1750~1752)

The Nakayama Shinkur˘ line of actors

 
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