|NAKAMURA KICHIEMON I|
Nakamura Kichiemon I
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Existence: 1694 ~ 17th day of the 6th lunar month of 1770
Brother/master: Sanogawa Mangiku
Adopted son: Nakamura Jûzô II
1694: born in the province of Banshû. His father is a rônin named Sudô. He starts his career when he is over 20 and becomes a disciple of his brother Sanogawa Mangiku, who gives him the name of Sanogawa Jûzô.
Fall 1723: Jûzô goes to Edo after a tour in Ise.
Fall 1724: Jûzô goes to Kyôto.
11th lunar month of 1724: Sanogawa Jûzô takes the name of Nakamura Jûzô I, playing the role of Hanazato Kakubei in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Miyako no Shimadai", which is produced by the zamoto Ogino Umenosuke for the nadai Ebisuya Kichirôbê.
11th lunar month of 1725: Jûzô becomes jitsuaku and plays in the kaomise drama "Ôkamado Hatsumen Bako", which is produced by his brother Sanogawa Mangiku for the nadai Hayagumo Chôdayû. He also changes the writing of his first name:
Fall 1726: Jûzô goes to Ôsaka.
11th lunar month of 1726: Jûzô switches back to tachiyaku roles and plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Kanematsu Miyakonosuke in the kaomise drama "Hakoiri Daikoku Gane", which is produced by Kaneko Kichizaemon.
11th lunar month of 1736: Jûzô plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Furômon Kon no Shikigawara"; his stage partners are Arashi San'emon III, Arashi Sanjûrô II, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Yamashita Matatarô I, Nakayama Shinkurô I and Fujikawa Heikurô.
Summer 1743: tour in Nara.
9th lunar month of 1745: Jûzô produces at the Ônishi no Shibai the drama "Ashiya Dôman Ôuchi Kagami", in which he plays the role of Dôman; his stage partners are Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha), Bandô Toyosaburô I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakayama Shinkurô I (Yokanpei), Arashi Shichigorô I (Yakanpei, Shôgen) and Ichikawa Danzô III (Sakon Tarô).
Fall 1745: Jûzô goes to Kyôto after 19 seasons spent in Ôsaka.
3rd lunar month of 1747: Jûzô plays at Miyako Handayû's theater the role of Kanki in Chikamatsu Monaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen"; the roles of Watônai and Kinshôjo are played by Fujikawa Heikurô and Tatsuoka Hisagiku.
Fall 1749: Jûzô goes to Ôsaka.
11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" is staged for the first time in Ôsaka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; it is produced by Jûzô, who also plays the role of Okabe Rokuyata [casting].
Fall 1755: Jûzô goes to Kyôto.
Fall 1756: Jûzô goes to Ôsaka.
Fall 1757: Jûzô goes to Kyôto.
11th lunar month of 1757: Jûzô plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Okabe Rokuyata in the kaomise drama "Ôyashiro Musubu no Sanban Tsuzuki", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitarô I and Somematsu Matsujirô. He also plays the role of Kan Shôjô in the kiri kyôgen drama "Kitano no Goengi Senbon Ume".
1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shinkôki", which is simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Jûzô plays in the former theater the role of Konoshita Tôkichi.
11th lunar month of 1759: Nakamura Jûzô I and his disciple Ogurayama Sentarô respectively take the names of Nakamura Kichiemon I and Nakamura Jûzô II at the Minamigawa no Shibai, playing together in the kaomise drama "Hônen no Miyako Mutsuki no Kotobuki", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitarô I and also celebrates the shûmei of Matsuya Shinjûrô.
Fall 1761: Kitsuemon goes to Ôsaka.
11th lunar month of 1761: Nakamura Kitsuemon takes back the name of Nakamura Kichiemon I at the Kado no Shibai, playing in the kaomise drama "Sôtsui Hoshi Kamakura Kagami", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.
5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in Ôsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Shôzô I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which is a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daikyôji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kichiemon plays the role of Kishino Yûsuke [more details].
7th lunar month of 1763: Kichiemon plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kan Shôjô in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners are Nakayama Shinkurô I (Kakuju, Fujiwara no Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejûrô I (Hyôe, Shundô Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Umeômaru), Bandô Toyosaburô I (Shiratayû), Fujikawa Hachizô I (Genzô, Sukune Tarô), Ichinokawa Hikoshirô II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsuômaru, Terukuni).
11th lunar month of 1763: the play "Suma no Miyako Genpei Tsutsuji", which was originally written by Hasegawa Senshi and Matsuda Bunkôdô for the puppet theater in 1730, is adapted for Kabuki 33 years later by the playwright Namiki Eisuke I. It is entitled "Sakigake Genpei Tsutsuji" (the second drama of an unusual 3-part kaomise program) and staged at the Naka no Shibai, starring Kichiemon and Arashi Hinasuke I in the roles of Kumagai Jirô Naozane and Taira no Atsumori.
9th lunar month of 1764: première in Ôsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Daigorô I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kichiemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Takaichi Buemon [casting].
Fall 1768: Kichiemon goes to Kyôto.
1st lunar month of 1769: Kichiemon appears on stage for the last time, in Kyôto, playing the role of Asai Shûrinosuke in the new year drama "Keisei Sato no Kinzan".
17th day of the 6th lunar month of 1770: Kichiemon dies.
"Nakamura Kichiemon began to rise as Anegawa Shinshirô I declined. Kichiemon had the advantage of being ten years younger than Shinshirô, and was well-born, since he was the son of a samurai who had turned rônin. He lived in Ôsaka, and as his younger brother became an onnagata, he was also influenced to enter the profession, performing during his earlier career in provincial theatres, especially in Ise, and later in Edo. His specialty was to represent samurai, and he was excellent as a stage fighter. No doubt his samurai antecedents had given him his taste in this direction. As samurai of noble mien and aristocratic bearing he was at his best." (Zoë Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
The Nakamura Kichiemon line of actors
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