ANEGAWA SHINSHIRď I

Stage names:

Anegawa Shinshir˘ I In Japanese
Toyoshima Katsusabur˘ In Japanese
Toyoshima Katsunosuke In Japanese

Guild: Koiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1685 ~ 25th day of the 11th lunar month of 1749 [1]

Connections:

Master (and brother-in-law) : Somekawa Jűrobŕ

Brother: Nakayama Shinkur˘ I

Adopted sons: Anegawa Shinshir˘ II, Anegawa T˘jűr˘

Disciples: Anegawa Shinshir˘ III, Anegawa Kiyosabur˘, Anegawa J˘emon, Anegawa Shinz˘, Anegawa Minato I, Anegawa Senz˘, Anegawa Ujűr˘, Anegawa Daikichi I

Family map: the Anegawa Clan

Career:

1685 ~ 1710: born in ďsaka. He was a wakashugata actor and his first stage names were Toyoshima Katsunosuke and Toyoshima Katsusabur˘. He became a disciple of Somekawa Jűrobŕ in 1710.

11th lunar month of 1710: Toyoshima Katsusabur˘ took the name of Anegawa Shinshir˘ I in ďsaka, playing in the kaomise drama "Shinzome Hinagata Ch˘ja", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon.

11th lunar month of 1711: Shinshir˘ played the role of Okinoishi Hankur˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Hitachi Obi", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon.

7th lunar month of 1713: Shinshir˘ played the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Shinoda Zuma Yome Kurabe", which was produced by the zamoto Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I for the nadai ďsaka Tazaemon.

11th lunar month of 1714: Shinshir˘ became zamoto and produced for the nadai ďsaka Kuzaemon the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara" in which he played the role of the kar˘ Sazareishi Sen'emon.

11th lunar month of 1716: Shinshir˘ played in ďsaka in the drama "Kogane no Ichigura", which was produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the role of Nagoya Sanza [casting].

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", which was produced by Takeshima K˘zaemon II in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the role of Shunkan [casting].

11th lunar month of 1720: Shinshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Hana Yakata Chibikizuru", which was produced by Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1722: Shinshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kurofune in the drama "Raijin Mond˘ki", which was produced by Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1722: Shinshir˘ settled in Ky˘to and played the role of Tamagaki T˘z˘ in the kaomise drama "Senbon Matsu Tokiwa Yakata", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű. He also played the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the dance "Otoko Moy˘ Nimai Hinagata". His performance was a great success and the turban (zukin) that Shinshir˘ used on stage in the role of Kurofune became the latest fashion in the city of Ky˘to; it was sold under the name "anegawa zukin".

1723: Shinshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Shund˘ Jir˘emon in the drama "Hinin no Adauchi".

11th lunar month of 1723: Shinshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the kaomise drama "Teono Hajime Kogane no Ishizue", which was produced by Segawa Kikunoj˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1724: Shinshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1726: Shinshir˘ played at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the role of Todoroki K˘emon in the kaomise drama "Karanishiki Imose no Shitone", which was produced by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

Fall 1727: Shinshir˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1727: Shinshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Imose Gami Aioi no Futabayama", which was produced by Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1728: Shinshir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1729: Shinshir˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Yakata Manp˘ no Mikura", in which he played the roles of Sagosuke and Tabiya Gembei.

Fall 1732: the actors Shinshir˘, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I and Arashi Otonosuke I went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1732: Shinshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Watanabe Minbu in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘".

1st lunar month of 1733: Shinshir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He played at the Nakamuraza the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato".

Spring 1734: Shinshir˘ played at Nakamuraza in the new year drama "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga".

Fall 1734: Shinshir˘ went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shinshir˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Kanda Sagoemon in the kaomise drama "Asahi no Matsu Kogane no Shinbashira", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I. His two adopted sons, Anegawa Shinnosuke and Anegawa T˘jűr˘, work as zamoto; the former in ďsaka and the latter in Ky˘to.

1735: tour in Nagoya.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shinshir˘ played the role of Taema Sagoemon in the kaomise drama "Yamato Fumi Mannen no Ayatsuri", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1738: Shinshir˘ played in Iwai Izaemon's kaomise drama "Fur˘mon Tama no Kizahashi", which was produced by his adopted son Anegawa T˘jűr˘ in Ky˘to for the nadai Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ.

12th lunar month of 1739: Shinshir˘ played the role of Matahei in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji", which was produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Yoshizawa Ayame II; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II (Okichi), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Sh˘gen), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I (Nagoya Sanza), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ I (the courtesan T˘yama).

Summer 1740: Shinshir˘ played the role of Jingor˘ in the drama "Kaga no Kuni Shinohara Gassen", which was produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Yoshizawa Ayame II.

11th lunar month of 1741: Shinshir˘ became zamoto in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, where he produced the kaomise drama "Genji Rokujűj˘".

7th lunar month of 1742: Shinshir˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shunkan in the drama "Yuya Gozen Taira Monbi"; his stage partners were Arashi Koiz˘ I (Chidori), Sakurayama Shirogor˘ (Tanzaemon) and Kamakura Heikur˘ I (Senoo Tar˘).

11th lunar month of 1742: Shinshir˘ became zamoto at the Naka no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1743: Shinshir˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the play "Kurofune Isse Ichidai Otoko" [casting] in which he played the roles of Kurofune Chűemon and Ageya Rokuroemon. The turban (zukin) and the wooden clogs (geta), which he used on stage, became the latest fashion in the city of ďsaka; they were sold under the names of "anegawa zukin" and "anegawa geta".

11th lunar month of 1743: Shinshir˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Shiki Samba ďgi Ikusa", which celebrated the shűmei of Shinozuka Jirozaemon II.

7th lunar month of 1744: Shinshir˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Otoko Date Gojitsu Kagami" in which he played the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘; his stage partners were Yoshizawa Ayame II, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II, Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II and Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I.

10th lunar month of 1745: Shinshir˘ worked as a zamoto for the last time, producing at the Naka no Shibai the dramas "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari" and "Imaori Daikanjima".

11th lunar month of 1745: Shinshir˘ went to Ky˘to and played at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Manzairaku", which was produced by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I for the nadai Miyako Handayű.

1st lunar month of 1746: Shinshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Matahei in the drama "Matahei". His stage partners were Sanogawa Hanazuma II (Otoku), Anegawa Daikichi I (Nagoya Sanza), Nakamura Utaemon I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I (the courtesan T˘yama).

9th lunar month of 1746: first Kabuki adaptation of Takeda Izumo I, Miyoshi Sh˘raku, Namiki Senryű I and Takeda Koizumo puppet theater drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater (the Kitagawa no Shibai); Shinshir˘ played the role of Takebe Genz˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1747: Shinshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Naka no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the roles of Yazaemon and Noritsune [casting].

12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Shinshir˘ played the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Amakawaya Gihei [casting].

25th day of the 11th lunar month of 1749: Shinshir˘ died in ďsaka. Later on, somebody found in a river a pair of wooden clogs and a turban similar to Shinshir˘'s ones. ďsaka people interpreted it as the proof that Shinshir˘ went to heaven.

Comments:

Anegawa Shinshir˘ I was a talented tachiyaku actor, who achieved fame for himself in ďsaka and Ky˘to during the first half of the eighteenth century: "his favourite roles were otokodate. He knew the taste of his public. The otokodate spirit was rife among the populace, and a new feeling for their rights and privileges was uppermost among the people. Shinshir˘ lived long enough, however, to outgrow his popularity, for in his later years he was criticised as monotonous, his acting considered antiquated, and he failed to thrill his audience with novelties--the same cry for the new that was common to all the stages of the world at all times. There was another reason why Shinshir˘'s popularity began to wane, for the lack of originality within Kabuki was beginning to be felt, and the reason interest in him declined was due largely to the poverty of plays and the general condition of the country." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 25th day of the 11th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of January 1750 in the western calendar.

Anegawa Shinshir˘ I playing the role of Kurofune Chűemon in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1733 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Nishimura Shigenobu)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Nishimura Shigenobu in 1733

The Anegawa Shinshir˘ line of actors

 
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