SEGAWA KIKUNOJď I

Stage names:

Segawa Kikunoj˘ I
Segawa Kichiji I
Hamamuraya Kichiji

Other name: Segawa Rok˘ I

Nickname: Hamamuraya Rok˘

Guild: Hamamuraya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Rok˘ (1)

Crest: the spray of tied cotton (yui wata)

Existence: 1693 ~ 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1749

Connections:

Master: Segawa Takenoj˘ I

Brother: Segawa Kikujir˘ I

(Adopted/illegitimate ?) son: Segawa Kikunoj˘ II

Disciple: Segawa Somematsu

Career:

1693 ~ 1708: born in Ky˘to (born in 1691 according to some documents). He starts his career in ďsaka in a little theater on the D˘tonbori managed by Kaizukaya Nizabur˘, performing under the name of Hamamuraya Kichiji. He becomes disciple of Segawa Takenoj˘ I at an unknown date and receives the name of Segawa Kichiji I.

1st lunar month of 1709: Segawa Kichiji I becomes wakaonnagata and takes the name of Segawa Kikunoj˘ I in Ky˘to, playing in the drama "Nishi no Miya Hiruko no Inochi", which is produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1713: Kikunoj˘ plays in ďsaka the role of Iwachiyo in the kaomise drama "Yoyo Meoto Tsuru no Mago", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1713 at Shioya Kuroemon's theater.

1722: Kikunoj˘ becomes zamoto in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1728: Kikunoj˘ plays the role of Okane in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which is produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

10th lunar month of 1730: Kikunoj˘ settles in Edo. He achieves a great success at the Nakamuraza by performing the leading role of the Shakky˘ dance "Aioi Jishi".

11th lunar month of 1730: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Irifune Hiru-ga-Kojima". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroji I, Ogino Izabur˘ I, Nakajima Mihoemon I and Sodesaki Miwano I.

1st lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays at the Nakamuraza the role of the courtesan Katsuragi in the drama "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya" [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the leading role of the first d˘j˘jimono of Kabuki history, called "Mugen no Kane Shind˘j˘ji".

11th lunar month of 1731: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Shinobu in the kaomise drama "Wag˘ Ichiji Taiheiki", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata star Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1732: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘", which is written by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I. This kaomise program welcomes in Edo the 2 Kamigata stars Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Hana Asahi Genji".

1st lunar month of 1734: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the new year drama "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga". He also plays the leading role of the spirit of the shishi for the premiere of the dance "Fűryű Aioi Jishi". The hat he used on stage becomes the latest fashion in the city of Edo and is called "Segawa B˘shi" ("the Segawa hat").

11th lunar month of 1734: Kikunoj˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Kunitae's wife Matsushima in the kaomise drama "Michi-no-Ku Yunzei Genji". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II (who plays Kunitae), ďtani Hiroji I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Tsuruya Nanboku I, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ I and Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Ono no Komachi in the kaomise drama "Kongen Nana Komachi", which celebrates the great shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1736: the trio made up of Kikunoj˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV and Ichimura Manz˘ perform together at the Ichimuraza in "Sayo no Nakayama Asama-ga-Dake", the first Tokiwazu-based dance-drama in Kabuki history.

11th lunar month of 1736: ďtani Hiroji I and the Segawa brothers, Kikunoj˘ and Kikujir˘, move together to the Nakamuraza and perform in the kaomise program "Kuni no Tomi Sessh˘seki".

9th lunar month of 1737: Kikunoj˘ celebrates his coming departure from Edo, achieving a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Kuzu-no-Ha (a female fox disguised as a woman who has to depart from his human child) in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

Fall 1737: ďtani Hiroji I and the Segawa brothers, Kikunoj˘ and Kikujir˘, go together to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1737: Kikunoj˘ and his brother Kikujir˘ settle in Ky˘to and perform in the kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Kamiyo no Kagami", which is produced by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II (who celebrates his shűmei) at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater. Their stage partners are Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Shinozuka Kazaemon, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ III and Somenoi Utamatsu.

2nd lunar month of 1738: the Segawa brothers perform in the same theater in the play "Shimada Kagekiyo", which is a big audience failure.

3rd lunar month of 1738: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1738: Kikunoj˘ moves to ďsaka and plays in the kaomise program, which is produced by Yoshizawa Ayame II at the ďnishi no Shibai and celebrates also the arrival in ďsaka of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I. The line-up includes also the actors Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I, Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I, Ichiyama Dengor˘ and Matsushima Moheiji.

1st lunar month of 1739: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the leading role of the dance-drama "Mugen no Kane".

12th lunar month of 1739: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan T˘yama in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji". His stage partners are Yoshizawa Ayame II (Okichi), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Sh˘gen), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I (Nagoya Sanza), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon) and Anegawa Shinshir˘ I (Matahei).

11th lunar month of 1740: Kikunoj˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Yaguruma Yakata no Fuji", which is produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai. His stage partners are Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1740: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the leading role of the d˘j˘jimono "Keisei Imay˘ D˘j˘ji".

1st lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the role of Och˘ in the drama "Onna Hinin Adauchi".

7th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ achieves a great success in the same theater by playing in the drama "S˘en Musha Makura Gundan"; the performance is a 100 days long run.

Fall 1741: Kikunoj˘ goes back to Edo with ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Iwato Saemon's wife Uraba in the kaomise drama "Sugatae Onna Narihira". His stage partners are ďtani Hiroji I (playing Iwato Saemon), Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Matsushima Moheiji, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Miyazaki Jűshir˘ II, Ichiyama Dengor˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I and Ichimura Manz˘.

3rd lunar month of 1742: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Hanabusa Shishi no Rangyoku", the third part (sanbanme) of the program "Fuji Miru Sato Sakae Soga"; Kikunoj˘ plays the leading role of this Lion dance, still in the Kabuki repertoire and commonly called "Makura Jishi".

11th lunar month of 1742: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Miyagino in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Kikunoj˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Funayosooi Mitsugi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1744: Kikunoj˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1744: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based d˘j˘jimono "Momo Chidori Musume D˘j˘ji". The leading female role is played by Kikunoj˘ and his two stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and ďtani Hiroji I.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kikunoj˘ performs at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kach˘ Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Suehiro Izu Nikki", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actor Fujikawa Heikur˘ and the shűmei of ďtani Hiroemon II and Nakamura Denkur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1746: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the leading role of the Miyakoji-based dance "Mugen no Kane Omoi no Akatsuki", which is based on the Mugen no Kane legend.

11th lunar month of 1746: Kikunoj˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Ofuji in the kaomise drama "Aioi Izu Nikki", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata actors Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1747: Kikunoj˘ plays in the same theater the role of Onna Kan Sh˘j˘, the female Kan Sh˘j˘ (the hero of the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), in the drama "Onna Kan Sh˘j˘ Utsutsu no Narukami".

11th lunar month of 1747: Kikunoj˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Sanemori's daughter Kumano and the courtesan Nishikigi in the kaomise drama "Izu Gunzei Sum˘ no Nishiki", sharing the top of the bill with the 2 stars Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1748: Kikunoj˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of the courtesan Akoya in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1748: Kikunoj˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Nakamuraza, playing with success the role of Onna Kan Sh˘j˘, the female Kan Sh˘j˘, in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He suddenly falls ill in the 3rd lunar month and dies more than one year later, the 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1749.

Comments:

Segawa Kikunoj˘ I was the best onnagata in Edo during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was an excellent dancer and the author of a book, "Onnagata Hiden" ("the secrets of an onnagata") in which he wrote that in order to be successful, an onnagata had to live his daily life as a woman. He was also the owner of a prosperous cosmetics shop located in Edo in the district of Ningy˘-ch˘.

Segawa Kikunoj˘ I portraying Mizue Gozen (1740~1745)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ishikawa Toyonobu

The Segawa Kichiji line of actors

The Segawa Kikunoj˘ line of actors

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News