TSURUYA NANBOKU I

Stage names:

Tsuruya Nanboku I In Japanese
Nanboku Magotar˘ I In Japanese
Murayama Genjir˘ In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1672 ~ 9th day of the 9th lunar month of 1736

Connection:

Uncle (?): Nanboku Sabu I

Father: Murayama Gentar˘ I (Nanboku Kidayű I)

Elder brother: Murayama Gentar˘ II (Nanboku Kidayű II)

Son: Tsuruya Nanboku II

Career:

1672 ~ 1697: born in the city of Sakai in the province of Senshű. He settles with his brother in Edo and makes his apprenticeship at the Ichimuraza, performing under the name of Murayama Genjir˘.

1st lunar month of 1697: he becomes tachiyaku and plays at the Nakamuraza in the new year drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya", which includes the first "Shibaraku" scene in Kabuki history.

5th lunar month of 1697: he becomes d˘kegata, takes the name of Nanboku Magotar˘ I and plays in the same theater in the drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Soga".

11th lunar month of 1719: Nanboku Magotar˘ I and his son Tsuruya Genz˘ respectively take the names of Tsuruya Nanboku I and Nanboku Magotar˘ II at the Ichimuraza, playing together in the kaomise drama "Tategami Teika Kazura".

1st lunar month of 1726: Nanboku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, d˘kegata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1735: Nanboku's last kaomise; he plays the role of Ono no Yoshizane in the drama "Kongen Nana Komachi". He falls ill at the beginning of the following year and has to retire.

9th day of the 9th lunar month of 1736: Nanboku dies in Edo; his tombstone is located in the precinct of the Sh˘k˘in temple.

Comments:

Tsuruya Nanboku I, the founder of the Tsuruya clan, was a popular actor, who was specialized in comical roles and made all his career in Edo from the end of the Genroku era to the end of the Ky˘h˘ era. He was said to be a d˘kegata both on and off stage.

Tsuruya Nanboku I (right) and Nakajima Mihoemon I (left) playing the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitora and Nikki Danj˘ Saemon in the new year drama "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1731 at the Nakamuraza

 
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