TSURUYA NANBOKU I

Stage names:

Tsuruya Nanboku I In Japanese
Nanboku Magotar˘ I In Japanese
Murayama Genjir˘ In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1672 ~ 9th day of the 9th lunar month of 1736 [1]

Connection:

Uncle (?): Nanboku Sabu I

Father: Murayama Gentar˘ I (Nanboku Kidayű I)

Elder brother: Murayama Gentar˘ II (Nanboku Kidayű II)

Son: Tsuruya Nanboku II

Great-great-grandson: Katsu Hy˘z˘ II (the adoptive father of Tsuruya Nanboku V)

Career:

1672 ~ 1697: born in the city of Sakai in the province of Senshű. He settled with his brother in Edo and made his apprenticeship at the Ichimuraza, performing under the name of Murayama Genjir˘.

1st lunar month of 1697: he became tachiyaku and performed at the Nakamuraza in the new year drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya", which included the first "Shibaraku" scene in Kabuki history.

5th lunar month of 1697: he became d˘kegata, took the name of Nanboku Magotar˘ I and performed in the same theater in the drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Soga".

11th lunar month of 1719: Nanboku Magotar˘ I and his son Tsuruya Genz˘ respectively took the names of Tsuruya Nanboku I and Nanboku Magotar˘ II at the Ichimuraza, performing together in the kaomise drama "Tategami Teika Kazura".

1st lunar month of 1726: Nanboku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, d˘kegata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1735: Nanboku played at the Ichimuraza the role of Ono no Yoshizane in the kaomise drama "Kongen Nana Komachi". He fell ill at the beginning of the following year and had to retire.

9th day of the 9th lunar month of 1736 [1]: Nanboku died in Edo [2].

Comments:

Tsuruya Nanboku I, the founder of the Tsuruya clan, was a popular actor, who was specialized in comical roles and made all his career in Edo from the end of the Genroku era to the end of the Ky˘h˘ era. He was said to be a d˘kegata both on and off stage.

[1] The 9th day of the 9th lunar month of the 1st year of the Genbun era was the 13th of October 1736 in the western calendar.

[2] His tombstone was built in the cemetery of the Sh˘k˘in Temple in the district of K˘t˘-ku Miyoshi-ch˘.

Tsuruya Nanboku I (right) and Nakajima Mihoemon I (left) playing the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitora and Nikki Danj˘ Saemon in the new year drama "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1731 at the Nakamuraza

Prints & Illustrations

The Tsuruya Nanboku line of actors

 
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