YAMASHITA KINSAKU I

Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku I In Japanese
Yamashita Matashir˘ II In Japanese
Yamashita Kinsaku I In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Rik˘, Kik˘

Existence: ??? ~ 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1750 [1]

Connections:

Master: Yamashita Matashir˘ I

Father-in-law: Iwai Hanshir˘ I

Adopted sons: Yamashita Kinsaku II, Yamashita Matatar˘ I

Son-in-law: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I

Disciples: Yamashita Ugenta II, Yamashita Rokusabur˘

Career:

11th lunar month of 1709: he made his first stage appearance, as a wakaonnagata disciple of the actor Yamashita Matashir˘ I, playing the role of Shirayuki in the kaomise drama "Chigo Daimy˘ Ky˘ Miyage", which was produced in ďsaka by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

Fall 1712: Kinsaku temporarily became wakashugata, achieving a great success by playing the role of Hisamatsu in the drama "Aburaya Osome", which was produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1712: Kinsaku became again wakaonnagata, playing the role of Imose in the kaomise drama "Onna Imagawa Seishi no J˘j˘", which was produced in ďsaka by Shinozuka Sh˘matsu I.

11th lunar month of 1713: Kinsaku played in ďsaka at Shioya Kuroemon's theater the role of Oraku in the kaomise drama "Yoyo Meoto Tsuru no Mago".

11th lunar month of 1714: Kinsaku played in ďsaka the role of Kozarashi in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Kinsaku played the role of Katsuragi [casting].

Fall 1723: Kinsaku went to Edo in the company of Sanogawa Senz˘.

11th lunar month of 1723: Kinsaku played at the Nakamuraza the role of Naniwazu [print] in the kaomise drama "Sono Enp˘ Onna Migy˘sho".

1st lunar month of 1724: Kinsaku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1724: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Okuni Kabuki"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I and Ichikawa Monnosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1725: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Oguri Ch˘seiden" [2].

11th lunar month of 1726: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise program "Kaomise Jűnidan".

11th lunar month of 1727: Kinsaku performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yatsumune Taiheiki" [casting]. This program celebrated the return of ďtani Hiroji I (along with the Kamigata actor Kirinami Onoe) in Edo after 5 years spent in Ky˘to. This was also the first stage appearance for Ichikawa Masugor˘, the adopted son of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1728: Kinsaku moved to the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Kikusui in the kaomise drama "Kikusui Yoshino no Dairi"; his stage partners were Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I, Ichikawa Danz˘ I, Ogino Isabur˘ I, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Hayakawa Hatsue, Narumi Goroshir˘ I and Sodesaki Miwano I.

8th lunar month of 1729: Kinsaku celebrated his coming departure from Edo, achieving a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the leading role of Kuzu-no-Ha (a female fox disguised as a woman who has to depart from his human child).

Fall 1729: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1729: Kinsaku played the role of the Ky˘gen dancer Wakamatsu in the kaomise drama "Banzai Kogane Tsukuri", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Yoshizawa Ayame II, Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Fujii Hanamatsu.

1st lunar month of 1730: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1730: Kinsaku moved to the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Otami and Otsuya in the kaomise drama "Meotogura Wag˘ no Nakatomi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Hanagiri Toyomatsu I and Izumikawa Sennosuke.

12th lunar month of 1731: Kinsaku played the role of Toyora in the kaomise drama "ďyamato Wag˘ no Tsuchi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in the new line-up of Fujikawa Heikur˘, Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II and Arashi Sangor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1732: Kinsaku played the role of Gengo's wife Oishi in the kaomise drama "Shikishima Wak˘ no Tsuzumi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai; the role of Gengo was played by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Kinsaku played the role of Shigaragi J˘nosuke's wife Oasa in the kaomise drama "Genji Rokujűj˘", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in the new line-up of Sawamura Otoemon I (who played the role of Shigaragi J˘nosuke).

11th lunar month of 1734: Kinsaku played the role of Miyaji in the kaomise drama "Honch˘ Bugaku no Hajimari", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kinsaku played the role of the widow Toyora in the kaomise drama "Toyo no Asahi Eitaigura", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III at the Naka no Shibai and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actor Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I and the shűmei of Arashi Kiyosabur˘ III.

9th day of the 8th lunar month of 1736 [3]: his master Yamashita Matashir˘ I died.

Fall 1736: Kinsaku went to Ky˘to, after seven seasons spent in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1736: Kinsaku played the role of Naniwa no Oteru in the kaomise drama "Tomi no Ichi Kogane no Aratama", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; his stage partners were Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Tatsuoka Hisagiku and Tatsuoka Someemon.

1st lunar month of 1737: Kinsaku's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1737: Kinsaku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1737: he became tachiyaku and took the name of Yamashita Matashir˘ II at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of Kanaoka Uranoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Iwatogura Kogane Masugata". The audience did not welcome his performance very well.

1st lunar month of 1738: Matashir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1739: he took back the name of Yamashita Kinsaku I and switched back to female roles.

11th lunar month of 1740: Kinsaku played the role of Princess Matsugae in the kaomise drama "Hanaikusa Nishiki no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1741: Kinsaku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kinsaku moved to the ďnishi no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki", which was produced by Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I and celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1742: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the play "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; Kinsaku played the role of Takino [casting].

11th lunar month of 1742: Kinsaku moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of Matsugane Sagoemon's wife Okane in the kaomise drama "Sangoku Denrai no Ishi", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III; his stage partners were Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I (who played the role of Matsugane Sagoemon), Somenoi Hanshir˘ and Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okatsu in the kaomise drama "Yamazaki Yojibei Imay˘ Sugata", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1744: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of Shirotae in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okaji in the kaomise drama "Murakami Genji Kogane no Niiyakata", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1746: Kinsaku achieved a great success in the same theater, playing the roles of the maiden Onami and the warrior Tamon Gor˘ Hidekage (in the unusual aragoto style) in the drama "Tsu no Kuni Ikutagafuchi"

1746 ~ 1747: Kinsaku fell ill and did not appear on stage anymore.

1748: Kinsaku went into retirement.

1749: he gave his stage name to his adopted son Nakamura Handayű, a disciple of his son-in-law Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, who became Yamashita Kinsaku II.

2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1750 [1]: Kinsaku died.

Comments:

Yamashita Kinsaku I was a talented onnagata actor who made a successful career mainly in the Kamigata theaters during the first half of the eighteenth century, excelling in bud˘goto, nuregoto or old women roles. He was particularly appreciated by the audience in the roles of spouses in sewamono drama. His tsűsh˘ was Bungor˘.

[1] The 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of August 1750 in the western calendar.

[2] Literally "Oguri in the Palace of Long Life".

[3] The 9th day of the 8th lunar month of the 1st year of the Genbun era was the 13th of September 1736 in the western calendar.

Yamashita Kinsaku I playing the role Naniwazu in the drama "Sono Enp˘ Onna Migy˘sho", which was staged at the Nakamuraza in the 11th lunar month of 1723 (print made by Torii Kiyomasu II)

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1723

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu 1723~1727

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

The Yamashita Matashir˘ line of actors

 
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