SAKAKIYAMA SAGISUKE

Stage names:

Sakakiyama Sagisuke
Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II
Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I

Poetry name: Sensei

Existence: 1697 ~ 9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1768

Connection:

Adoptive father: Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I

Sons: Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV

Disciples: Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I, Sakakiyama Sengiku, Sakakiyama Tomitaki

Career:

1697: born in Kamigata. His father is a r˘nin named Terasaka. He is adopted at the age of 6 by the actor Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1708: he takes the name of Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and starts his career as a zamoto, producing in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Ry˘shű Renri no Matsu".

11th lunar month of 1709: Shirotar˘ produces in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Chigo Daimy˘ Ky˘ Miyage".

Fall 1711: Shirotar˘ and his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I settle in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1711: Shirotar˘ produces at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Kikenj˘", which celebrates the shűmei of Takioka Saburoshir˘ and Murayama Heijűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1713: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Eitai Kogane no Ichigura".

11th lunar month of 1714: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Azuma-zukuri ďdaidokoro", in which he plays the role of Nitta Yoshisuke.

Fall 1716: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen", which is produced by Shirotar˘ in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1718: First Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Nihon Furisode Hajime", which is produced by Shirotar˘ in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Shirotar˘ plays the role of Ama Hikomaru [casting].

11th lunar month of 1718: Shirotar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Ishizue", in which he plays the role of the wakadono Yukienoj˘.

Fall 1723: Shirotar˘ and his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I go back to ďsaka after 12 seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1723: Shirotar˘ produces at the ďnishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Fukujukai Kogane no Minato".

11th lunar month of 1725: Shirotar˘ produces at the ďnishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Gokoku J˘ju Naniwa no Yakata", in which he plays the role of Fuji Daijűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1726: his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I goes to Ky˘to but Shirotar˘ stays in ďsaka, playing at the Kado no Shibai the role of Aioi Tsurutar˘ in the kaomise drama "Bunbu Aioi no Matsu", which is produced by Fujii Hanamatsu and celebrates the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1727: Shirotar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ikuta Mojigor˘ in the kaomise drama "Imosegami Aioi no Futabayama", which is produced by Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

Fall 1728: Shirotar˘ goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1728: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Higuchi Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Tokiwagura Kogane no Ishizue", which is produced by Tamiya Hannosuke at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater.

1st lunar month of 1729: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1729: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Fukuju Yakata Wag˘ no Futabashira".

11th lunar month of 1730: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane".

1st lunar month of 1731: Shirotar˘ produces in the same theater the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama"; he plays the role of the kar˘ Imai Sanzaemon.

11th lunar month of 1731: Shirotar˘ plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Umebayashi Hyakutar˘ in the kaomise drama "Hiragana Imagawaj˘".

1st lunar month of 1732: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent).

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". The play is produced by Shirotar˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater in Ky˘to [casting].

11th lunar month of 1732: Shirotar˘ plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the kaomise drama "Hatsubutai Kogane no Ishizue", which is produced by Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of both Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ II and Haruyama Genshichi II.

1st lunar month of 1733: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1733: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Shikigawara", which welcomes back his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shirotar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Oyayuzuri Kogane no Katokugura", in which he plays the role of Matsugane J˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1735: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Kanemori Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Ishizue", which is produced by Arashi Koroku I at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shirotar˘ plays the role of the yakko Kansuke in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Imosegura", which is produced at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater by Mizuki Takenosuke.

11th lunar month of 1737: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Nagao Izunoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Hachiman Tar˘ Denju no Tsuzumi", which is staged at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater and celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1738: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Hamamatsu Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Neko no Koneko", which is produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater (Minamigawa no Shibai) by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II.

5th lunar month of 1739: first Kabuki adaptation of the Matsuda Bunk˘d˘, Takeda Izumo I, Takeda Koizumo, Miyoshi Sh˘raku and Asada Kakei puppet theater drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; Shirotar˘ plays the role of Kajiwara Genta [casting].

Fall 1739: Shirotar˘ goes to ďsaka.

12th lunar month of 1739: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji", which is produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Yoshizawa Ayame II.

Fall 1740: Shirotar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

12th lunar month of 1740: Shirotar˘ plays in the drama "Chinp˘ Sandai Gatana", which is produced by his son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater and also stars his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I. The title of this drama, literally "The Rare Treasure - Three Generations of Swords", an allusion to the three generations of actors of the Sakakiyama clan sharing the same stage, has also a different suggestive meaning because the word chinp˘ is the penis!

8th lunar month of 1741: the play "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was originally written for the puppet theater, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Shirotar˘ plays the roles of Saisaki Iga-no-Kami, Iwano-no-Kami and Dankur˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1741: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Ishikawa Akuemon in the kaomise drama "Imay˘ Shinoda Zuma", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1742: Shirotar˘ plays the role of Sadaemon in the kaomise drama "Yamato-fumi Kaoyo Hinagata", which is produced at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater by Sakata Ichitar˘. This is most likely the last stage appearance of his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Shirotar˘ plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Fukushima Tatsubei in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Sanj˘ Mankatsu.

1st lunar month of 1744: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, falls one rank below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1744: Shirotar˘ plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Watarai G˘suke in the kaomise drama "Tanba Yosaku Kameyama Kayoi", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1745: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1745: Shirotar˘ plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1746: Shirotar˘ plays at Miyako Handayű's theater the role of Tsukioka Naiki in the kaomise drama "Fukki no ďshimadai", which is produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I.

15th day of the 6th lunar month of 1747: his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I dies in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1747: Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and his elder son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I respectively take the names of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II, playing together in the kaomise drama "Teikin ďrai Manzoku Kagami", which is produced by Nakamura Matsubŕ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; their stage partners are Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Takenaka Heikichi, Fujikawa Heikur˘, Fujioka Daikichi, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I, Nakamura Shirogor˘ III, Kasaya Matakur˘ I, Asao Motogor˘ I and Sanogawa Hanazuma II.

11th lunar month of 1748: Koshir˘ plays at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Yashiro J˘nosuke in the kaomise drama "Jidai Makie Chűshingura", which is produced by Nakamura Matsubŕ I.

1st lunar month of 1749: Koshir˘ is s˘kanjiku ("global kanjiku") in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; his rank is kyoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (fast - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1749: Koshir˘ plays at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of the r˘nin Yogohei in the kaomise drama "Tokitsukazeyasu Keizu", which is produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1750: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1750: Koshir˘ plays at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of the yakko Arisuke in Fujikawa Sakoku's kaomise drama "Taira no Miyako Onna Ez˘shi", which is produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1751: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). Koshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the Yamazaki farmer Yogor˘ in Fujikawa Sakoku's ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Kane-ga-Fuchi".

11th lunar month of 1751: Koshir˘ plays at Miyako Handayű's theater (Minamigawa no Shibai) the role of Kokonoe Tamiemon in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which is produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1752: Koshir˘ plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater (Kitagawa no Shibai) the role of Kusunoki Masanari in the kaomise drama "Tenka Taiheiki", which is produced by Arashi San'emon IV and celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura Otoemon II.

11th lunar month of 1753: Koshir˘ plays at Miyako Handayű's theater the role of Sagara J˘suke in the kaomise drama "Hade Musume Bandachi Yakata", which is produced by Yamashita Ugenta II and celebrates the shűmei of Matsumoto Tomojűr˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1755: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai as a kaomise drama; Koshir˘ plays the role of Ono no T˘fű [casting].

12th lunar month of 1755: Koshir˘ plays at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the kaomise drama "Homare Otoko Bandaigura", which is produced by Nanba Matsunosuke.

11th lunar month of 1756: Koshir˘ plays at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Kud˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Bimandai Kuniiri Kamakura Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Hirano no Shibai the role of Morihiko in the new year drama "Kume no Sennin Yoshino Zakura", which is produced by Kameya Jűjir˘.

3rd lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ goes to the Kitagawa no Shibai.

10th lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘".

11th lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ does not take part in any kaomise.

12th lunar month of 1759: Koshir˘ becomes jitsuaku and plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Todoroki G˘emon in the drama "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata".

1st lunar month of 1760: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1760: Koshir˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Yotsugi Sehei in the kaomise drama "ďshimadai Kitsune no Mukoiri".

1st lunar month of 1761: Koshir˘ is s˘kanjiku ("global kanjiku") in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; his rank is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1761: Koshir˘ plays at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the role of Tada Mankei in Amano Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Mineiri Futaba Genji", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1762: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1762: Koshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Jinbei in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

2nd lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shimizu Hy˘e in the kaomise drama "Otowayama Renbo no Taki", which is produced by Nakamura Senz˘.

3rd lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘ does not take part in any kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1764: Koshir˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kanki in the drama "Tanomi-agemasu Goken Butsusama" (similar to "Kokusen'ya Gassen"); the role of Wat˘nai is played by Edosaka Ky˘emon.

7th lunar month of 1765: Koshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shunkan in the drama "Kajiha Kaze Zashiki Ky˘gen".

11th lunar month of 1765: Koshir˘ does not take part in any kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1766: The actors Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II and Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ II respectively take the names of Sakakiyama Sagisuke, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III, playing together in Tenmaya Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which is produced by Edosaka Ky˘emon at the Kitagawa no Shibai. This is Sagisuke's isse ichidai performance; he retires from the Kabuki stages to become a playwright.

2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1767: his elder son Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III dies.

11th lunar month of 1767: his younger son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III's nephew Sakakiyama Kotar˘ respectively take the names of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ IV at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1768: Sagisuke dies in Ky˘to; his tombstone is located in the precincts of the My˘h˘ji temple in the Imperial city.

7th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1768: his younger son Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV dies.

Comments:

Sakakiyama Sagisuke was a popular and talented tachiyaku actor, who spent most of his career in Ky˘to. He did not bother to go to perform in Edo and stopped performing in ďsaka at the end of the 1720s, preferring to enjoy his fame in the Imperial city. Just like his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, he was also the son of a r˘nin and excelled in r˘nin roles. He was the best actor of the Sakakiyama clan, reaching the hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi rank in 1750. His line seemed secured because of his two sons but they unfortunately died around the same time as their father.

Sakakiyama Sagisuke and Nakamura Sanohachi in the kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1766 at the Kitagawa no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

The Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ line of actors

The Sakakiyama Koshir˘ line of actors

 
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