SAKAKIYAMA SAGISUKE

Stage names:

Sakakiyama Sagisuke In Japanese
Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II In Japanese
Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I In Japanese

Poetry name: Sensei

Existence: 1697 ~ 9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1768 [1]

Connection:

Adoptive father: Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I

Sons: Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV

Disciples: Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I, Sakakiyama Sengiku, Sakakiyama Tomitaki

Career:

1697: born in Kamigata. His father was a r˘nin named Terasaka. He was adopted at the age of 6 by the actor Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1708: he took the name of Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and started his career as a zamoto, producing in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Ry˘shű Renri no Matsu".

11th lunar month of 1709: Shirotar˘ produced in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Chigo Daimy˘ Ky˘ Miyage".

Fall 1711: Shirotar˘ and his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I settled in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1711: Shirotar˘ produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Kikenj˘", which celebrated the shűmei of Takioka Saburoshir˘ and Murayama Heijűr˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1713: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Eitai Kogane no Ichigura".

11th lunar month of 1714: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Azuma-zukuri ďdaidokoro", in which he played the role of Nitta Yoshisuke.

Fall 1716: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen", which was produced by Shirotar˘ in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1718: First Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Nihon Furisode Hajime", which was produced by Shirotar˘ in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Shirotar˘ played the role of Ama Hikomaru [casting].

11th lunar month of 1718: Shirotar˘ produced in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Ishizue", in which he played the role of the wakadono Yukienoj˘.

Fall 1723: Shirotar˘ and his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I went back to ďsaka after 12 seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1723: Shirotar˘ produced at the ďnishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Fukujukai Kogane no Minato".

11th lunar month of 1725: Shirotar˘ produced at the ďnishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Gokoku J˘ju Naniwa no Yakata", in which he played the role of Fuji Daijűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1726: his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I went to Ky˘to but Shirotar˘ stayed in ďsaka, playing at the Kado no Shibai the role of Aioi Tsurutar˘ in the kaomise drama "Bunbu Aioi no Matsu", which was produced by Fujii Hanamatsu and celebrated the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1727: Shirotar˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ikuta Mojigor˘ in the kaomise drama "Imosegami Aioi no Futabayama", which was produced by Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

Fall 1728: Shirotar˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1728: Shirotar˘ played the role of Higuchi Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Tokiwagura Kogane no Ishizue", which was produced by Tamiya Hannosuke at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater.

1st lunar month of 1729: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1729: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Fukuju Yakata Wag˘ no Futabashira".

11th lunar month of 1730: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane".

1st lunar month of 1731: Shirotar˘ produced in the same theater the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama"; he played the role of the kar˘ Imai Sanzaemon.

11th lunar month of 1731: Shirotar˘ played at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Umebayashi Hyakutar˘ in the kaomise drama "Hiragana Imagawaj˘".

1st lunar month of 1732: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent).

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". The play was produced by Shirotar˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater in Ky˘to [casting].

11th lunar month of 1732: Shirotar˘ played at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the kaomise drama "Hatsubutai Kogane no Ishizue", which was produced by Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of both Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ II and Haruyama Genshichi II.

1st lunar month of 1733: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1733: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Shikigawara", which welcomed back his father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shirotar˘ produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Oyayuzuri Kogane no Katokugura", in which he played the role of Matsugane J˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1735: Shirotar˘ played the role of Kanemori Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Ishizue", which was produced by Arashi Koroku I at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shirotar˘ played the role of the yakko Kansuke in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Imosegura", which was produced at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater by Mizuki Takenosuke.

11th lunar month of 1737: Shirotar˘ played the role of Nagao Izunoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Hachiman Tar˘ Denju no Tsuzumi", which was staged at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater and celebrated the shűmei of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1738: Shirotar˘ played the role of Hamamatsu Gensuke in the kaomise drama "Neko no Koneko", which was produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater (Minamigawa no Shibai) by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II.

5th lunar month of 1739: first Kabuki adaptation of the Matsuda Bunk˘d˘, Takeda Izumo I, Takeda Koizumo, Miyoshi Sh˘raku and Asada Kakei puppet theater drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; Shirotar˘ played the role of Kajiwara Genta [casting].

Fall 1739: Shirotar˘ went to ďsaka.

12th lunar month of 1739: Shirotar˘ played the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Kewai Musha ďmi Genji", which was produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Yoshizawa Ayame II.

Fall 1740: Shirotar˘ went back to Ky˘to.

12th lunar month of 1740: Shirotar˘ played in the drama "Chinp˘ Sandai Gatana", which was produced by his son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater and also starred his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I. The title of this drama, literally "The Rare Treasure - Three Generations of Swords" [2], was an allusion to the three generations of actors of the Sakakiyama clan sharing the same stage.

8th lunar month of 1741: the play "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Shirotar˘ played the roles of Saisaki Iga-no-Kami, Iwano-no-Kami and Dankur˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1741: Shirotar˘ played the role of Ishikawa Akuemon in the kaomise drama "Imay˘ Shinoda Zuma", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1742: Shirotar˘ played the role of Sadaemon in the kaomise drama "Yamato-fumi Kaoyo Hinagata", which was produced at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater by Sakata Ichitar˘. This was most likely the last stage appearance of his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Shirotar˘ played at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Fukushima Tatsubei in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri ďshimadai", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Sanj˘ Mankatsu.

1st lunar month of 1744: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, fell one rank below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1744: Shirotar˘ played at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Watarai G˘suke in the kaomise drama "Tanba Yosaku Kameyama Kayoi", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1745: Shirotar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1745: Shirotar˘ played at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater in the kaomise drama "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1746: Shirotar˘ played at Miyako Handayű's theater the role of Tsukioka Naiki in the kaomise drama "Fukki no ďshimadai", which was produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I.

15th day of the 6th lunar month of 1747 [3]: his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I died in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1747: Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and his elder son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I respectively took the names of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II, performing together in the kaomise drama "Teikin ďrai Manzoku Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Matsubŕ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; their stage partners were Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Takenaka Heikichi, Fujikawa Heikur˘, Fujioka Daikichi, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I, Nakamura Shirogor˘ III, Kasaya Matakur˘ I, Asao Motogor˘ I and Sanogawa Hanazuma II.

11th lunar month of 1748: Koshir˘ played at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Yashiro J˘nosuke in the kaomise drama "Jidai Makie Chűshingura", which was produced by Nakamura Matsubŕ I.

1st lunar month of 1749: Koshir˘ was s˘kanjiku ("global kanjiku") in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; his rank was kyoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (fast - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1749: Koshir˘ played at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of the r˘nin Yogohei in the kaomise drama "Tokitsukazeyasu Keizu", which was produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1750: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1750: Koshir˘ played at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of the yakko Arisuke in Fujikawa Sakoku's kaomise drama "Taira no Miyako Onna Ez˘shi", which was produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1751: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was back to j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). Koshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the Yamazaki farmer Yogor˘ in Fujikawa Sakoku's ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Kane-ga-Fuchi".

11th lunar month of 1751: Koshir˘ played at Miyako Handayű's theater (Minamigawa no Shibai) the role of Kokonoe Tamiemon in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which was produced by his son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1752: Koshir˘ played at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater (Kitagawa no Shibai) the role of Kusunoki Masanari in the kaomise drama "Tenka Taiheiki", which was produced by Arashi San'emon IV and celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura Otoemon II.

11th lunar month of 1753: Koshir˘ played at Miyako Handayű's theater the role of Sagara J˘suke in the kaomise drama "Hade Musume Bandachi Yakata", which was produced by Yamashita Ugenta II and celebrated the shűmei of Matsumoto Tomojűr˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1755: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai as a kaomise drama; Koshir˘ played the role of Ono no T˘fű [casting].

12th lunar month of 1755: Koshir˘ played at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the kaomise drama "Homare Otoko Bandaigura", which was produced by Nanba Matsunosuke.

11th lunar month of 1756: Koshir˘ played at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Kud˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Bimandai Kuniiri Kamakura Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ played in Ky˘to at the Hirano no Shibai the role of Morihiko in the new year drama "Kume no Sennin Yoshino Zakura", which was produced by Kameya Jűjir˘.

3rd lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ went to the Kitagawa no Shibai.

10th lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘".

11th lunar month of 1758: Koshir˘ did not take part in any kaomise.

12th lunar month of 1759: Koshir˘ became jitsuaku and played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Todoroki G˘emon in the drama "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata".

1st lunar month of 1760: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1760: Koshir˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Yotsugi Sehei in the kaomise drama "ďshimadai Kitsune no Mukoiri".

1st lunar month of 1761: Koshir˘ was s˘kanjiku ("global kanjiku") in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; his rank was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1761: Koshir˘ played at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater the role of Tada Mankei in Amano Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Mineiri Futaba Genji", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1762: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1762: Koshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Jinbei in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

2nd lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shimizu Hy˘e in the kaomise drama "Otowayama Renbo no Taki", which was produced by Nakamura Senz˘.

3rd lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1763: Koshir˘ did not take part in any kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1764: Koshir˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kanki in the drama "Tanomi-agemasu Goken Butsusama" (similar to "Kokusen'ya Gassen"); the role of Wat˘nai was played by Edosaka Ky˘emon.

7th lunar month of 1765: Koshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shunkan in the drama "Kajiha Kaze Zashiki Ky˘gen".

11th lunar month of 1765: Koshir˘ did not take part in any kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1766: The actors Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II and Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ II respectively took the names of Sakakiyama Sagisuke, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III, performing together in Tenmaya Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which was produced by Edosaka Ky˘emon at the Kitagawa no Shibai. This was Sagisuke's isse ichidai performance; he retired from the Kabuki stages to become a playwright.

2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1767 [4]: his elder son Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III died.

11th lunar month of 1767: his younger son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ III and Sakakiyama Koshir˘ III's nephew Sakakiyama Kotar˘ respectively took the names of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ IV at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1768 [1]: Sagisuke died in Ky˘to; his tombstone was located in the precincts of the My˘h˘ji temple in the Imperial city.

7th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1768 [5]: his younger son Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV died.

Comments:

Sakakiyama Sagisuke was a popular and talented tachiyaku actor, who spent most of his career in Ky˘to. He did not bother to go to perform in Edo and stopped performing in ďsaka at the end of the 1720s, preferring to enjoy his fame in the Imperial city. Just like his adoptive father Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, he was also the son of a r˘nin and excelled in r˘nin roles. He was the best actor of the Sakakiyama clan, reaching the hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi rank in 1750. His line seemed secured because of his two sons but they unfortunately died around the same time as their father.

[1] The 9th day of the 1st lunar month of the 5th year of the Meiwa era was the 26th of February 1768 in the western calendar.

[2] It had also a different suggestive meaning because the word chinp˘ was the penis in old Japanese.

[3] The 15th day of the 6th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 22nd of July 1747 in the western calendar.

[4] The 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the Meiwa era was the 27th of July 1767 in the western calendar.

[5] The 7th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 5th year of the Meiwa era was the 23rd of April 1768 in the western calendar.

Sakakiyama Sagisuke and Nakamura Sanohachi in the kaomise drama "Umayadogimi Shitenn˘ji Kuy˘", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1766 at the Kitagawa no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

The Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ line of actors

The Sakakiyama Koshir˘ line of actors

 
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