SAKAKIYAMA DANSHIRď I

Stage names:

Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I In Japanese
Mihogi Danshir˘ In Japanese
Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Gonjűr˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Tomojűr˘ In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: ???

Connection:

Brother: Ichinoya Monz˘

Masters: Sakakiyama Sagisuke, Mihogi Gizaemon I (?)

Career:

Before 1738: born in ďsaka. He was the elder brother of the actor Ichinoya Monz˘. He joined a travelling troupe and performed in tabi shibai under the name of Ichikawa Tomojűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1738: he joined the ˘shibai, took the name of Ichikawa Gonjűr˘, became katakiyaku and played in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Nikki Danj˘ in the kaomise drama "Kusunoki Yakata Sennen Gitsune" [1], which was produced in ďsaka by Yoshizawa Ayame II.

Fall 1740: he went to Ky˘to, joined the Sakakiyama clan and became disciple of Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1740: he receviced the name of Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I and performed in the drama "Chinp˘ Sandai Gatana", which was produced by Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater and also starred both Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I. The title of this drama, literally "The Rare Treasure - Three Generations of Swords" [2], was an allusion to the three generations of actors of the Sakakiyama clan sharing the same stage.

8th lunar month of 1741: the play "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Danshir˘ played the role of Akizuki Daizen [casting].

5th lunar month of 1742: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's play "Shinshű Kawanakajima Gassen" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danshir˘ played the role of Nagao Terutora [more details].

Fall 1742: he temporarily joined the Mihogi clan. Was he a disciple of Mihogi Gizaemon I [3]?

11th lunar month of 1742: he received the name of Mihogi Danshir˘ and played in Ky˘to the role of Yamana Tomoemon in the kaomise drama "ďmi Genji Taihei no Kachidoki", which was produced by Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater and welcomed in the Imperial City the actors Nakamura Utaemon I and Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: he joined back the Sakakiyama clan, took back the name of Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I and played in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Harada no Zenji in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri ďshimadai", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Sanj˘ Mankatsu.

8th lunar month of 1745: first Kabuki adaptation of Namiki Senryű I, Miyoshi Sh˘raku and Takeda Koizumo puppet theater drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced by Kiyosabur˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Danshir˘ played the role of Mikawaya Giheiji [more details].

15th day of the 6th lunar month of 1747 [4]: the head of the Sakakiyama clan Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I died in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1747: Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and his elder son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I respectively took the names of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danshir˘ was not recorded as being in the casting [5].

11th lunar month of 1748: Danshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Sukez˘ in the kaomise drama "Mitsu Uroko Asahi no Ume", which was produced by the zamoto Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1749: Danshir˘ played at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of ďtori Kanpei in the kaomise drama "Tokitsukazeyasu Keizu", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1750: Danshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Karakuriya Goroz˘ in Matsuya Raisuke I's kaomise drama "Kaikei Wag˘ Hanayakata", which was produced by Miyako Handayű.

1st lunar month of 1751: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto", which was produced in Ky˘to by Miyako Handayű at his theater; Danshir˘ played the role of Prince Usugumo's retainer Inubushi Genz˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1751: Danshir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of Todoroki Shiganosuke in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which was produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ III, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II, Anegawa Daikichi I, Sasao Otojűr˘ II, Someyama S˘jűr˘, Takenaka Hy˘kichi, Yamamoto Koheiji, Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ and Arashi Ugenta.

9th lunar month of 1752: Danshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Mikawaya Giheiji and ďtori Sagaemon in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners are Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Issun Tokubŕ), Yamamoto Koheiji (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II (Tsuribune Sabu), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II (Otatsu) and Arashi Ugenta (Okaji).

11th lunar month of 1752: Danshir˘ played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the Chinese priest Chin Ikei in the kaomise drama "Hatsubaika Asahi no Minato", which was produced by Yamashita Matatar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1753: Danshir˘ played in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the role of Mimasaka Danj˘ in the kaomise drama "Futaba no Nishiki Midori no Onikage", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1755: Danshir˘ played at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of K˘ no Moron˘ in the kaomise drama "Homare Otoko Bandaigura" [6], which was produced by Nanba Matsunosuke.

1st lunar month of 1756: Danshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent) [visual].

8th lunar month of 1756: Danshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Akizuki Daizen in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

3rd lunar month of 1757: Danshir˘ was recorded as performing in Ky˘to at the Kitano Shita-no-Mori Shibai; no record afterwards.

Comments:

Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I was a katakiyaku actor, born and trained in ďsaka, who made most of his career in Ky˘to from the second half of the 1730s to the second half of the 1750s. He was the first actor in Kabuki history to perform two important villain roles, Mikawaya Giheiji in the sewamono drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and Akizuki Daizen in the jidaimono drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

[1] This drama was created by the sakusha Tsuuchi Jihŕ II and Nakata Mansuke.

[2] It had also a different suggestive meaning because the word chinp˘ was the penis in old Japanese.

[3] Was Mihogi Danshir˘ a disciple of Mihogi Gizaemon I? This was possible based on the timelines of the two actors in Ky˘to. No reference to this master-disciple relationship in either the latest edition (2012) of the "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran" or Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten". Only the change of name was recorded.

[4] The 15th day of the 6th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 22nd of July 1747 in the western calendar.

[5] Was he sick or on tour? Because of his absence, he was recorded as being most likely dead in 1747 in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten".

[6] This drama was a chűshinguramono.

Tatsuoka Hisagiku (left) and Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I (right) playing the roles of Miuranosuke's wife Fuseya and Inubushi Genz˘ in the drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1751 in Ky˘to at Miyako Handayű's theater

Prints & Illustrations

The Sakakiyama Danshir˘ line of actors

 
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