SAKAKIYAMA KOSHIRď I

Stage names:

Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I In Japanese
Sakakiyama Heishir˘ In Japanese
Sakakiyama Onoe In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Senzan

Existence: 1671 ~ 15th day of the 6th lunar month of 1747 [1]

Connection:

Adoptive father: Sakakiyama Heiemon

Adopted son: Sakakiyama Sagisuke (Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II)

Disciples: Sakakiyama Kansuke I, Sakakiyama Fujisabur˘, Sakakiyama Onojűr˘, Sakakiyama Shirojir˘, Sakakiyama Shirojűr˘, Sakakiyama Yosojűr˘, Tatsuoka Someemon

Career:

1671 ~ 1693: son of a r˘nin named Takahashi, he was adopted by the oyajigata actor Sakakiyama Heiemon, who gave him the name of Sakakiyama Onoe. Later on, he took the name of Sakakiyama Heishir˘.

1693: he took the name of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I and made his debut as a wakaonnagata in ďsaka.

1694 ~ 1701: he was the member of a countryside travelling troupe (tabi shibai).

1st lunar month of 1702: Koshir˘ became tachiyaku and played the role of the r˘nin Ichihara Shinodanosuke in the drama "Kuramayama Enbiki no Tsuna", which was produced in ďsaka by Takeshima K˘jűr˘.

Winter 1706: Koshir˘ settled in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1706: Koshir˘ played the role of Tayuragi T˘tar˘ in the drama "Keisei Motomezuka", which was produced in Ky˘to by Takeshima K˘jűr˘.

2nd lunar month of 1707: Koshir˘ became zamoto and produced in Ky˘to the drama "Keisei Ishiyamadera".

3rd lunar month of 1709: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (superior).

11th lunar month of 1709: Koshir˘ went back to ďsaka and played in the kaomise drama "Chigo Daimy˘ Ky˘ Miyage", which was produced by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1710: Koshir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (superior).

Fall 1711: Koshir˘ settled in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1711: Koshir˘ played the role of Miyakoji Kikutar˘ (performing a ropp˘ in the tanzen style) in the kaomise drama "Kikenj˘", which was produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Takioka Saburoshir˘ and Murayama Heijűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1713: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-(shiro)j˘ (superior - (white) superior).

11th lunar month of 1714: Koshir˘ played the role of Watari Shinzaemon in the kaomise drama "Azuma-zukuri ďdaidokoro", which was produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1715: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

Fall 1716: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen", which was produced by the zamoto Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Koshir˘ played the role of Wat˘nai [casting].

1st lunar month of 1717: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, fell a little bit to a lower rank, j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

3rd lunar month of 1717: Koshir˘ played the role of Wat˘nai in the drama "Kokusen'ya Gonichi Gassen", which was produced by Yamatoya Jinbŕ III at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater.

1st lunar month of 1718: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-sh˘kichi (superior - superior - little excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1718: First Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Nihon Furisode Hajime", which was produced by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Koshir˘ played the role of Susanoo [casting].

1st lunar month of 1719: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

1st lunar month of 1720: Koshir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent).

Fall 1723: Koshir˘ went back to ďsaka after 12 seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1723: Koshir˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of the r˘nin Nunobiki Jinroku in the kaomise drama "Fukujukai Kogane no Minato", which was produced by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1724: Koshir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1725: Koshir˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Takatsuji Yasaemon in the kaomise drama "Gokoku J˘ju Naniwa no Yakata".

Fall 1726: Koshir˘ went to Ky˘to to perform at Miyako Mandayű's theater; there was no kaomise in the 11th lunar month in this theater.

9th lunar month of 1727: Koshir˘ played at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Gengobŕ in the drama "Ise Heiji Nennen Kagami", which was produced by Segawa Kikujir˘ I.

Fall 1727: Koshir˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1727: Koshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Shikishima Wadayű in the kaomise drama "Imosegami Aioi no Futabayama", which was produced by Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I.

Fall 1729: Koshir˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1729: Koshir˘ played the role of Mochizuki Gorobei in the kaomise drama "Fukuju Yakata Wag˘ no Futabashira", which was produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1730: Koshir˘ played the role of Mochizuki Gorobei in the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane", which was produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1731: Koshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the r˘nin Tamaru Gengo in the new year ni-no-kawari "Keisei Mikasayama".

Spring 1732: tour in Nagoya.

Fall 1732: Koshir˘, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and Arashi Otohachi I went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1732: Koshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yamato Kotoba Imagawaj˘".

1st lunar month of 1733: Koshir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1733: Koshir˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1733: Koshir˘ played the role of Nunobiki Gontazaemon in the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Shikigawara", which was produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1734: Koshir˘ played the role of the ah˘ Yomosaku, in reality Takeguchi Senjűr˘, in the kaomise drama "Oyayuzuri Kogane no Katokugura", which was produced at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Koshir˘ played the role of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ (!!!), in reality Sekiya Bansaku, in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Ishizue", which was produced by Arashi Koroku I at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

1st lunar month of 1736: there were two kanjiku for tachiyaku actors in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; Koshir˘ was the "jitsu kanjiku" (the real kanjiku) and Arashi San'emon III was the "iro kanjiku" (the sexy kanjiku).

11th lunar month of 1736: Koshir˘ played the role of Tachibana Takuminosuke in the kaomise drama "Hiyoku Kin no Takaragura", which was produced at Daikokuya Takenoj˘'s theater by Yoshizawa Tamazuma.

11th lunar month of 1738: Koshir˘ played the role of Akagi Saemon in the kaomise drama "Neko no Koneko", which was produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater (Minamigawa no Shibai) by Mizuki Tatsunosuke II.

5th lunar month of 1739: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘, Takeda Izumo I, Takeda Koizumo, Miyoshi Sh˘raku and Asada Kakei puppet theater drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; Koshir˘ played the role of Gonshir˘ [casting].

12th lunar month of 1740: Koshir˘ played in the drama "Chinp˘ Sandai Gatana", which was produced by his adopted son Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I's son Sakakiyama Jűtar˘ I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater. The title of this drama, literally "The Rare Treasure - Three Generations of Swords" [2], was an allusion to the three generations of actors of the Sakakiyama clan sharing the same stage.

8th lunar month of 1741: the play "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Koshir˘ played the role of Gorobei Masamune [casting].

11th lunar month of 1741: Koshir˘ took part (but did not play any role) in the kaomise drama "Imay˘ Shinoda Zuma", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1742: Koshir˘ was s˘kanjiku ("global kanjiku") in the Ky˘to hy˘banki.

11th lunar month of 1742: Koshir˘ played the role of Ibuki Genjibei in the kaomise drama "Yamato-fumi Kaoyo Hinagata", which was produced at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater by Sakata Ichitar˘.

8th lunar month of 1745: first Kabuki adaptation of Namiki Senryű I, Miyoshi Sh˘raku and Takeda Koizumo puppet theater drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced by Kiyosabur˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Koshir˘ played the role of Tsuribune Sabu [more details].

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which starts a competition for the best performance; Koshir˘ played the role of Tsuribune Sabu at the Naka no Shibai [casting].

15th day of the 6th lunar month of 1747 [1]: Koshir˘ died in Ky˘to; his tombstone was located in the precincts of the My˘denji temple in Imperial city.

Comments:

Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I was a great and popular tachiyaku actor who achieved fame for himself in Kamigata from the end of the Genroku era to the beginning of the Kanp˘ era, reaching the j˘-j˘-kichi rank in the 1st lunar month of 1724. He was active for 55 years and established the Sakakiyama clan as an important one in Ky˘to. Son of a r˘nin, he excelled in r˘nin roles. Being able to play any kind of bud˘goto roles, this short-sized actor was famous for his amazing sword tachimawari. His others fields of excellence were wagoto and jitsugoto.

[1] The 15th day of the 6th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 22nd of July 1747 in the western calendar.

[2] It had also a different suggestive meaning because the word chinp˘ was the penis in old Japanese.

Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I

Prints & Illustrations

The Sakakiyama Koshir˘ line of actors

 
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