YAMATOYAMA JINZAEMON I

Stage names:

Yamatoyama Jinzaemon I In Japanese
Kozakura Rinzaemon In Japanese
Kozakura Rinnosuke In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1677 ~ 19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1721 [1]

Connection:

Adopted son: Yamatoyama Jinzaemon II

Disciples: Yamatoyama Zenkichi, Yamatoyama Kaoru

Career:

1677: born in the province of Yamato in a farming family.

End of the 1680s: he started his career as a wakaonnagata, performing in tabi shibai under the name of Kozakura Rinnosuke.

1695: he took the name of Kozakura Rinzaemon.

1st lunar month of 1705: he took the name of Yamatoyama Jinzaemon I and, thanks to the patronage of Sakata T˘jűr˘ I, became tachiyaku in Ky˘to.

Fall 1706: Jinzaemon settled in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1706: Jinzaemon played in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Sukeroku in the kaomise drama "Sukeroku Shinjű Kamiko Sugata".

3rd lunar month of 1707: Jinzaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (superior).

7th lunar month of 1707: Jinzaemon played in the same theater the role of Denjir˘ in the drama "Uta Makura Kaikoku Saigy˘ H˘shi".

1st lunar month of 1708: Jinzaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

11th lunar month of 1711: Jinzaemon performed in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater in the kaomise drama "Tsurukame no Aimuko".

3rd lunar month of 1712: Jinzaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1714: Jinzaemon played in Ky˘to the role of Wataya Sh˘zabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Yorozuyo Saiwai Gura", which was staged at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1715: Jinzaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shared the same rank with Shibazaki Rinzaemon I and Shinozuka Jirozaemon I.

11th lunar month of 1715: Jinzaemon produced in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Chiyogasane Kiku no Shinpai".

11th lunar month of 1716: Jinzaemon produced in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the kaomise drama "Tatsu no Miyako Ikuyo no Yonedawara", where his adopted son Yamatoyama Sensuke made his debut on stage (hatsubutai) as a koyaku.

11th lunar month of 1717: Jinzaemon produced in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the kaomise drama "Genj˘raku Biwa no ďumi".

11th lunar month of 1718: Jinzaemon produced in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the kaomise drama "Shiga no Miyako Kogane no Hanazono".

11th lunar month of 1719: Jinzaemon produced in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the kaomise drama "H˘raisan Hiyoku no Tsurukame".

Fall 1720: Jinzaemon and his son Yamatoyama Sensuke went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1720: Jinzaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Honma Sukejűr˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Nishiki no Kusazuri", which was produced by the zamoto Takeshima K˘zaemon II.

1st lunar month of 1721: Jinzaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He shared the same rank with Arashi San'emon III, Takeshima K˘zaemon II and Osagawa Jűemon.

7th lunar month of 1721: Jinzaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai.

19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1721 [1]: Jinzaemon suddenly died in his home in ďsaka.

Comments:

Yamatoyama Jinzaemon I was a great tachiyaku actor, who achieved fame for himself in Ky˘to during the 1710s. He was outstanding in many different fields, like nuregoto, yatsushigoto, bud˘goto, jitsugoto, shosagoto and even aragoto. He was considered as the father of yatsushigata in Ky˘to.

"Sakata T˘jűr˘ took him under his wing, and he became popularly known as T˘jűr˘ II (or Kosakata), although he should not be confused with the official holder of that name. T˘jűr˘, in 1707, as a sign of his retirement, handed over to him a paper kimono such as he often used in Y˘giri plays, and it is said to have been this that turned Jinzaemon to tachiyaku parts." (Charles J. Dunn and Torigoe Bunz˘ in "The Actors' Analects")

[1] The 19th day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 11th of August 1721 in the western calendar.

Yamatoyama Jinzaemon I (left) and Kikukawa Kiyotar˘ (right) playing the roles of Motoyui Ky˘suke (in reality Goinosuke) and Princess Anesawa in the kaomise drama "Genj˘raku Biwa no ďumi", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1717 in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater

The Yamatoyama Jinzaemon line of actors

 
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