ARASHI SHINPEI I

Stage names:

Arashi Shinpei I In Japanese
Arashi San'emon III In Japanese
Arashi Matsunoj˘ I In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Banko, Sugidori (?)

Existence: 1697 ~ 10th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754 [1]

Connection:

Grandfather: Arashi San'emon I

Father: Arashi San'emon II

Adopted son: Arashi San'emon IV

Disciples: Arashi San'emon V, Arashi Sangor˘ I, Arashi Tominosuke I, Arashi Koiz˘ I, Arashi Sanshir˘ II, Arashi Sanshir˘ III, Arashi Monzabur˘ II, Arashi Matsunoj˘ III, Arashi Kikumatsu

Career:

1697: born in ďsaka.

7th day of the 11th lunar month of 1701 [2]: his father Arashi San'emon II died.

11th lunar month of 1704: he took the name of Arashi San'emon III at the age of 8 and became zamoto in ďsaka. He performed on stage the ropp˘ technique, a trademark of his family.

11th lunar month of 1717: San'emon produced in ďsaka at the Higashi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Meryű Oryű Kogane no Uroko", in which he played the role of Manmatsu Hikokur˘.

1st lunar month of 1719: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which was produced by San'emon in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; San'emon played the role of Matahei [casting].

1st lunar month of 1721: San'emon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1721: San'emon produced at the Higashi no Shibai (ďsaka) the kaomise drama "Tenryű Chiryű Kogane no Suzunari".

11th lunar month of 1722: San'emon produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Shingoten Aioi no Komatsu", in which he played the role of Shigemori.

12th lunar month of 1722: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater drama "Nebiki no Kadomatsu", which was originally written in the 1st lunar month of 1718. The play was staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai under the new title "Yamazaki Yojibŕ Hanchű Bushi"; San'emon played the role of Yamazaki Yojibŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1723: San'emon produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hanagata", which celebrated the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo star ďtani Hiroji I.

1st lunar month of 1724: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of "Edoe Ukiyo Soga", an Edo-flavored new year drama produced by San'emon and welcoming in ďsaka the Edo actor ďtani Hiroji I; San'emon played the roles of Soga Jűr˘, Hiranoya Tokubŕ and Kamakuraya Gorohachi [more details].

21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1724: a fire broke out in ďsaka and destroyed several theaters, including the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1724: San'emon produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Banzei no Minato", in which he played the role of Taema Hikokur˘.

11th lunar month of 1725: San'emon produced at the Kado no Shibai Kaneko Kichizaemon's kaomise drama "Wag˘ no Futabashira".

11th lunar month of 1726: San'emon played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Fukubiki no Sankichi and Mantar˘ in the kaomise drama "Bunbu Aioi no Matsu", which was produced by Fujii Hanamatsu and celebrated the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II.

Fall 1727: San'emon moved to Ky˘to with the actor Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1727: San'emon played the roles of Fukubiki no Sankichi and T˘nai Jir˘ in Azuma Sanpachi's kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

1st lunar month of 1728: San'emon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1728: San'emon played the role of Asakura Hikokur˘ in the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Kogane no Uroko", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1729: San'emon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was t˘fű j˘-j˘-kichi (fashionable - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1729: San'emon played the role of Nozoki no Shichiby˘e in the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Shichigosan", which was produced by Arashi Koroku I at Daikokuya Takenoj˘'s theater.

11th lunar month of 1730: San'emon played the roles of the zat˘ Shunkei and his brother Mantar˘ in Sawamura Bunji's kaomise drama "Inari Yakata Manp˘ no Kura", which was produced by Arashi Koroku I at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

11th lunar month of 1731: San'emon played the role of Toriya Manbŕ in the kaomise drama "Hiragana Imagawaj˘", which was produced in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Somenoi Hanshir˘, Yashio Ikuemon, Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I and Tomizawa Montar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1732: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ and Hasegawa Senshi puppet theater drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki", which was produced in Ky˘to by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon played the role of Seki-ga-Hara Zennai [casting].

Fall 1732: San'emon went back to ďsaka after five seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1732: San'emon produced at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Mitsu no Hama Kogane no Irie".

3rd lunar month of 1733: the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; San'emon produced it and played the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Mionoya Shir˘ Kunitoshi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1733: San'emon went to Edo; he fell ill and could not perform in the kaomise program.

1st lunar month of 1734: San'emon played at the Ichimuraza the role of Soga Jűr˘ in the new year sogamono "Nanakusa Nigiwai Soga"; his partner in the role of Soga Gor˘ was Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II. San'emon had some voice problem and his performance was not good enough for the Edo audience.

11th lunar month of 1734: San'emon was back in Ky˘to after a short and unsuccessful stay in Edo; he was part of the kaomise program at Miyako Mandayű's theater but did not perform any specific role.

1st lunar month of 1735: San'emon was the kanjiku of tachiyaku actors in the Ky˘to hy˘banki.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon played the role of Abe no Yasuna [casting].

11th lunar month of 1735: San'emon played in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

1st lunar month of 1736: there were two kanjiku for tachiyaku actors in the Ky˘to hy˘banki; Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I was the "jitsu kanjiku" (the real kanjiku) and San'emon was the "iro kanjiku" (the sexy kanjiku).

Fall 1736: San'emon went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1736: San'emon performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fur˘mon Kon no Shikigawara", which was produced by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1737: San'emon played at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fukakusa-no-In Sann˘ no Maki", which was produced by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1738: San'emon played in the same theater the role of Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Shinoda Zuma" (similar to "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"); the role of Kuzu-no-Ha was played by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

Fall 1738: San'emon went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1738: San'emon took part in Tomimura Takichi's kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater; San'emon appeared only in the k˘j˘.

1st lunar month of 1739: San'emon played in the same theater the roles of Imagawa Nakaaki and Takamatsu Sentar˘ in the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Arashiyama".

11th lunar month of 1739: San'emon took part in the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Nakamura Wakadayű's theater; he suddenly fell ill and had to be replaced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1740: San'emon took part in the kaomise drama "Asuka Miyako Jindai no Maki", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I at Miyako Mandayű's theater; San'emon appeared only in the k˘j˘.

11th lunar month of 1741: San'emon played the role of Okamura Izuminosuke, in reality Abe no Yasuna, in the kaomise drama "Imay˘ Shinoda Zuma", which was staged at Miyako Mandayű's theater; the role of Kuzu-no-Ha was played by Fujii Hanamatsu.

11th lunar month of 1743: San'emon took part in the kaomise drama "Wakamidori Hatsumenbako", which was produced by his adopted son Arashi Matsunoj˘ II at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater.

Fall 1744: San'emon went back to ďsaka after 6 seasons spent in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1744: San'emon played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of S˘ry˘ ďenosuke and Yamazaki Yojibŕ in the kaomise drama "Yamazaki Yojibŕ Imay˘ Sugata".

12th lunar month of 1744: San'emon played in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Saemon and Goheiji in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1745: Arashi San'emon III and his adopted son Arashi Matsunoj˘ II respectively took the names of Arashi Shinpei I and Arashi San'emon IV at the ďnishi no Shibai, performing together in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘".

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which started a competition for the best performance and line-up; Shinpei played the role of Tsuribune Sabu at the ďnishi no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1746: Shinpei took part at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Katakiuchi Naniwa no Ume", which was produced by his adopted son Arashi San'emon IV.

12th lunar month of 1746: Shinpei played in the same theater the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ were played by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1747: Shinpei appeared on stage for the last time, at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of Mikasayama Kamonnosuke in the drama "Washű Somedono Ike"; he decided to definitively retire from the stage.

10th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754 [1]: Shinpei died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Arashi Shinpei I was a great tachiyaku actor of the first half of the eighteenth century and a successful zamoto between 1704 and 1733. He was very popular in ďsaka or Ky˘to but failed to achieve success in Edo. He was the worthy heir of both his grandfather Arashi San'emon I and his father Arashi San'emon II, excelling as a wagotoshi or with the ropp˘ technique. One of his most notable roles was Abe no Yasuna in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

"He was also noted for his dancing, and played in pieces that had been handed down by his two predecessors." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 10th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the H˘reki era was the 27th of August 1754 in the western calendar.

[2] The 7th day of the 11th lunar month of the 14th year of the Genroku era was the 6th of December 1701 in the western calendar.

Arashi Shinpei I performing in the 11th lunar month of 1745 at the ďnishi no Shibai in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘"

The Arashi Matsunoj˘ line of actors

The Arashi San'emon line of actors

The Arashi Shinpei line of actors

 
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