|TSUUCHI EISHI I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Eishi
Existence: 1679 ~ 20th day of the 1st lunar month of 1760 
Father: Tsuuchi Jihŕ I
Adopted son: Tsuyama Yűz˘ I
Disciples: Tsuuchi Jisuke, Tsuuchi Han'emon, Tsuuchi Jihŕ III, Tsuuchi Eishi II, Tsuuchi Denjűr˘ II, Tsuuchi Hanshir˘, Tsuuchi Hanjűr˘, Tsuuchi Kuheiji II, Tsuuchi Sonoji, Tsuuchi Kanki, Tsuuchi Sabur˘ji, Tsuuchi Seisuke, Tsuuchi Takasuke, Tsuuchi Tar˘ji, Tsuuchi Teisuke, Tsuuchi Matazaemon
1679: born in ďsaka. He was the son of Tsuuchi Jihŕ I. His first two stage names were Tsuuchi Jisabur˘ and Tsuuchi Michir˘.
1703: he settled in Edo with his father.
1704: he became sakusha and took the name of Tsuuchi Jihŕ II.
3rd lunar month of 1710: Jihŕ worked at the Nakamuraza on the revival of the seigen-sakurahimemono "Isshin Niga Byakud˘", which was staged for the first time in the 7th lunar month of 1695 at the Yamamuraza. The roles of Seigen and Princess Sakura were played by Nakajima Kanzaemon I and Tsutsui Kichijűr˘ I. For the first time, Jihŕ mixed jidaimono and sewamono elements in the same drama. This was the first jidai-sewamono in Kabuki history.
2nd lunar month of 1716: Jihŕ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Tsuuchi Han'emon, on the new year drama "Shikirei Yawaragi Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, the courtesan Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) and Kobayashi no Asahina were played by Hayakawa Dengor˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Nakamura Takesabur˘ I and ďtani Hiroji I. The play included a new version of "Sukeroku" with the actors Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II, Nakamura Takesabur˘ I and ďtani Hiroemon I playing the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and Ikyű.
1st lunar month of 1746: Jihŕ worked in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari on the new year drama "Kikeba Mukashi Soga Monogatari"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Ichimura Kamez˘ I and Ogino Izabur˘ I.
2nd lunar month of 1751: Jihŕ worked in the same theater on the new year drama "Izu Kosode Sh˘bai Kagami".
1st lunar month of 1752: Jihŕ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kotobuki Maizuru Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Morita Kan'ya VI and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II.
1st lunar month of 1753: Jihŕ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Haru Fukami Iroha Soga" ; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Onoe Kikugor˘ I and Ichimura Kamez˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1753: he took the name of Tsuuchi Eishi I and worked at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Masakado Koky˘ no Nishiki", which celebratesd the shűmei of Suketakaya Takasuke I and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ II.
1st lunar month of 1755: Eishi worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Sono Sugata Ariake Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Suketakaya Takasuke I, Matsuyama Sanjűr˘ and Ichikawa Masuz˘ I.
1755: without stopping his sakusha career, he became the disciple of the monk Ry˘kai and settled in Kameido in order to learn Zen.
20th day of the 1st lunar month of 1760 : Eishi died in Edo. His posthumous buddhist name was Yűken'in Eishi Nichiyű
"There's a Story about him that he and a certain lead actor were at odds with each other. Jihei's play was rejected by the actor six times as he continued to rewrite it, even changing the plot and background story. The seventh time, he took his original play, and changing only the title, he read it aloud. The actor, who had also run out of patience, accepted it, and this gave Jihei a laugh. Those who were unaware of the true situation believed that they had come together in their thinking and had been reconciled. What admirable character! He should be known as a great man among lead playwrights. At that time, painted on a votive picture plaque offered at Edo's Z˘shigayatsu no Kishibojin, were the scales of hell. Tsuuchi Jihei was placed on one side and all the actors of his theatre on the other. Tsuuchi's side was shown to be heavier." (Katherine Saltzman-Li in "Creating Kabuki Plays: Context for Kezairoku")
 The 20th day of the 1st lunar month of the 10th year of the H˘reki era was the 7th of March 1760 in the western calendar.
 The 2nd day of the 9th lunar month of the 3rd year of the H˘reki era was the 28th of September 1753 in the western calendar.
 More than 100 dramas according to Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten". More than 200 dramas in Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia". Due to the exceptional longevity of Tsuuchi Eishi I, 200 is very likely to be closer to the real number than 100.
The name of Tsuuchi Eishi I in a 1754 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the left side of the picture)
|Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News|