|IWAI HANSHIRď I|
Iwai Hanshir˘ I
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Existence: 1652 ~ 3rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1699
1652 ~ 1685: Born in Arima. His father is a folding fan seller. His first name is Ch˘shir˘. He starts his actor career at an unknown date, performing in Kamigata theaters under the name of Iwai Handayű.
1685: Iwai Handayű takes the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ I. He also plays in ďsaka in the drama "Toribeyama Shinjű".
11th lunar month of 1686: Hanshir˘ performs in ďsaka, at ďsaka Tazaemon's theater, in the productions of the zamoto Araki Yojibei I. His yearly salary is 150 ry˘. His stage partners are Araki Yojibei I, Yamashita Hanzaemon, Yamamura Kanzabur˘, Sakurayama Rinnosuke I, Sodeoka Masanosuke II, Sakata T˘kur˘, Takenaka Hanzabur˘, Matsushima Han'ya, Kozakura Kodayű, Takigawa Kiyosabur˘, Yoshikawa Genzabur˘, Mihara Jűdayű I, Wakabayashi Shiroemon and Sadoshima Dempachi.
1st lunar month of 1687: Hanshir˘'s rank in the first hy˘banki published in Kabuki history is naka ("middle" or "intermediate").
1688: Hanshir˘ plays the role of Asakura Daigaku in the drama "ďkumagawa Genzaemon", which is staged in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater. His stage partners are Kataoka Nizaemon I, Sakata T˘jűr˘ I and Kaneko Kichizaemon.
Fall 1688: he plays in the same theater in the drama "Keisei Tamatebako".
1st lunar month of 1690: Hanshir˘ produces in ďsaka the dramas "Sakaba no ďji" and "Ume no Yoshibei", starring Murayama Heijűr˘ I in the former and the successful duo Nakamura Kazuma II/Mihara Jűdayű I in the latter.
3rd lunar month of 1693: Hanshir˘ produces in ďsaka Chikamatsu Monzaemon I's drama "Butsumo Mayasan Kaich˘", starring Sugiyama Kanzaemon I, Iwai Sagenta I and Murayama Heijűr˘ I; this production is a success and a long run (150 days). The same play is simultaneously staged in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater.
11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1694: Hanshir˘ successfully produces in ďsaka the drama "Zenk˘ji Kaich˘".
12th lunar month of 1695: Akaneya Hanshichi (son of a sake merchant) and his lover Sankatsu commit suicide together in ďsaka. This event causes quite a stir and is immediately adapted to Kabuki by Hanshir˘, under the title "Akane no Iroba". The roles of Sankatsu and Hanshichi are played by Hanai Azuma and Sugiyama Kanzaemon I; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Minoya Heiemon. This production is a long run (150 days).
11th lunar month of 1696: Hanshir˘ welcomes in his ďsaka productions the star Kataoka Nizaemon I.
6th lunar month of 1698: Hanshir˘ produces in ďsaka the drama "Semimaru Nido no Shusse", in which he plays the role of Kiyotsura; his stage partners are Asao Jűjir˘ (Kita no Kata), Fujikawa Buzaemon I (Mareyo), Yamashita Matashir˘ I (Senju Tar˘), Shinozuka Jirozaemon (Sakagami no ďji), Uemura Takenoj˘ (Semimaru), Mihara Jűdayű I, Ogura Bun'emon and Uemura Kichisabur˘.
1st lunar month of 1699: Hanshir˘ produces in ďsaka Tsuuchi Jihei I's drama "Taisanji Yakushi no Kaich˘".
3rd lunar month of 1699: Hanshir˘ produces in ďsaka Tsuuchi Jihei I's drama "Keisei Hachij˘ Shima"; he falls sick before the end of the production and has to be replaced by his son Iwai Kamematsu. Hanshir˘ dies the following month. His tombstone is located in ďsaka in the precinct of the Gensh˘ji Temple, in the district of Shimoteramachi.
Iwai Hanshir˘ I was an important zamoto and a good tachiyaku actor, who founded one of the most important lines of Kabuki actors, which started in ďsaka and flourished in Edo from Iwai Hanshir˘ IV. His mon, which represents 3 folding fans, is an allusion to his father's business.
Iwai Hanshir˘ I (center of the picture) in 1686
The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors
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