HAYAKAWA SHINKATSU

Stage names:

Hayakawa Shinkatsu In Japanese
Hayakawa Kokatsu In Japanese

Musician name:

Hayakawa Shinjir˘ In Japanese

Others names:

Hayakawa Shin'emon In Japanese
Hayakawa Katsusaku [1] In Japanese

Existence: ??? ~ 27th day of the 12th lunar month of 1754 [2]

Career:

11th lunar month of 1717: he started his career in his native city of Ky˘to, performing as an iroko in the kaomise drama "Iwao no Matsu Manbai no Midori", which was produced by Miyako Mandayű in his theater. His first stage name was Hayakawa Kokatsu.

1st lunar month of 1721: Kokatsu became wakashugata.

1st lunar month of 1723: Kokatsu played in Ky˘to at Daikokuya Takenoj˘'s theater the role of Ageya Ky˘shichi in the new year drama "Keisei Hitomaruzuka" which was produced by Otowa Jirosabur˘ I.

Fall 1723: he went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1723: the took the name of Hayakawa Shinkatsu, became wakaonnagata and performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Yorimasa Kaikeizan".

1st lunar month of 1724: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior). He played in the same theater the role of Nagai Emon's ny˘b˘ Hanazome in the new year drama "Keisei Wakaebisu".

3rd lunar month of 1724: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-hankichi (superior - superior - half excellent).

11th lunar month of 1725: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Semimaru Onna Moy˘".

11th lunar month of 1726: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Hinazuru Tokiwa Genji", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Arashi Sangor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1727: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent).

11th lunar month of 1727: Shinkatsu played at the Ichimuraza the role of Takehara Nyűd˘'s daughter Princess Toyo in the kaomise drama "Goshozome K˘y˘ Gunki", which celebrated the return in Edo of the actor Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1728: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent). He shared the same rank with Sodesaki Miwano I and Kirinami Onoe.

1st lunar month of 1729: Shinkatsu played at the Moritaza the role of Princess Omodaka in the drama "Higashiyama Ch˘seiden", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I and his father Yamamoto Hikogor˘.

11th lunar month of 1729: Shinkatsu played at the Moritaza the role of Kamei Rokur˘'s ny˘b˘ Mikasa in the kaomise drama "Yahagi no Ch˘ja Kogane no Ishizue"; the role of Kamei Rokur˘ was played by Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I

1st lunar month of 1730: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent). He shared the same rank with Ogino Izabur˘ I, Sodesaki Miwano I and Sodesaki Iseno I.

11th lunar month of 1730: Shinkatsu played at the Moritaza the role of Sadat˘'s sister Onoe-no-Mae in the kaomise drama "Kankatsu Michinoku no Miyako"; the role of Abe no Sadat˘ was played by Sakata Hangor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1731: Shinkatsu played at the Ichimuraza the role of Shikitae in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Eiga Butai"; his stage partners were ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Yamamoto Hikogor˘, Ichimura Takenoj˘ IV, Sakata Hangor˘ I, Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II, Segawa Kikujir˘ I, Sodesaki Iseno I and Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1732: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Hiru-ga-Kojima".

11th lunar month of 1733: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Sh˘hon Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1734: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, fell to j˘-j˘-hankichi (superior - superior - half excellent). He shared the same rank with Sodesaki Iseno I. He played in the same theater the role of Tomoe Gozen in the new year sogamono "Jűhakk˘ Imay˘ Soga".

11th lunar month of 1734: Shinkatsu played at the Ichimuraza the role of Kiyohara Iehira's ny˘b˘ Asaka in the kaomise drama "Michi-no-Ku Yunzei Genji".

3rd lunar month of 1735: Shinkatsu moved to the newly-reopened Kawarazakiza, the hikae yagura of the Moritaza which went bankrupt. He performed in the drama "Isaribune Reigen Irumagawa", sharing the stage with the zamoto Kawarazaki Gonnosuke III and the actors Sakata Hangor˘ I, Tsuruya Nanboku I, Yamashita Kametar˘, Sengoku Hikosuke I, Edo Shichidayű and Sodesaki Miwano I.

11th lunar month of 1735: no record in any Edo kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Izu Genji H˘rai Yakata", which celebrates the arrival in Edo from Ky˘to of the actor Tomizawa Montar˘ I and the shűmei of Tsuruya Nanboku II.

1st lunar month of 1737: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, fell to j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent).

11th lunar month of 1737: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise program "Genji Kumo ďgi no Shiba", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichimura Uzaemon VIII; the others stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I, Tomizawa Montar˘ I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Kamakura Ch˘kur˘ II and Tsuruya Nanboku II.

3rd lunar month of 1738: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent). Shinkatsu played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara's mekake Shinobu in the new year sogamono "Ukematsuri Manbai Soga"

11th lunar month of 1738: Shinkatsu played at the Ichimuraza the role of ďmori Hikoshichi's sister Umezono in the kaomise drama "Mitsugibune Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1739: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi [visual]. He was also the kanjiku for the onnagata actors in the 1739 Edo hy˘banki.

11th lunar month of 1739: Shinkatsu performed at the Ichimuraza in Fujimoto Tobun's kaomise drama "Tokiwagi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1740: Shinkatsu's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent). He was also the kanjiku for the onnagata actors in the 1740 Edo hy˘banki.

6th lunar month of 1740: Shinkatsu performed in the same theater in the drama "Amida-ga-Ike Imose Kagami"; this is his last appearance on stage. He stopped acting and became a Nagauta musician, performing under the name of Hayakawa Shinjir˘.

27th day of the 12th lunar month of 1754 [2]: he died in Edo.

Comments:

Hayakawa Shinkatsu was a popular onnagata actor, born and trained in Ky˘to, who was active in Edo from 1723 to 1740, mainly at the Ichimuraza (11 seasons) and at the Moritaza (4 seasons). He was also a talented shamisen and, in his latter years, he stopped acting to perform in Nagauta ensembles, mainly at the Nakamuraza (where he never performed as an actor!).

[1] Another possible reading could be Hayakawa Sh˘saku.

[2] The 27th day of the 12th lunar month of the 4th year of the H˘reki era was the 7th of February 1755 in the western calendar.

The actors Sodesaki Kikutar˘ (left), Hayakawa Shinkatsu (top) and Sodesaki Iseno I (right) playing the roles of Kinugasa, Ugajin and Asahi-no-Mae in the kaomise drama "Tsuwamono Kongen Hiru-ga-Kojima", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1732 at the Ichimuraza

 
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