FUJIKAWA SANGO

Stage name:

Fujikawa Sango In Japanese

Guild: Tosaya

Poetry name: Gory˘

Existence: 1755 ~ 5th day of the 12th lunar month of 1784 [1]

Connection:

Grandfather: Fujikawa Shigeemon

Father: Fujikawa Sanpachi

Disciple: Fujikawa Koisa

Career:

1765: he performed in Ky˘to as an iroko. His stage name was Fujikawa Sango.

1766 ~ 1768: he performed in Ky˘to as a wakashugata.

1769: he became wakaonnagata in Ky˘to.

5th lunar month of 1769: Sango played in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Ohan in the drama "Katsuragawa Chishio no Marutabashi" (a play belonging to the same sekai as the future "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami"); the role of Ohan's lover Ch˘emon was played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I!

11th lunar month of 1769: he switched back to wakashugata roles and played in Ky˘to the role of Ushiwakamaru (disguised as a fan-selling girl) in the kaomise drama "Asahimaru Genji Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke, welcomed in the Imperial City the actor Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II and his son Sawamura Tanosuke I and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Shingor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: Sango switched back to wakaonnagata roles and performed in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Sakigake Yashima no Kachidoki", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke.

11th lunar month of 1771: Sango played in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Koch˘ (in a dance) in the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which was produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I, welcomed in Ky˘to the Edo actor Sakata Hangor˘ II and celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1772: Sango performed at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "ďsaka Zaiku Araki no Mokuz˘", which was produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

3rd lunar month of 1773: Sango's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

11th lunar month of 1774: Sango became zamoto in Ky˘to and produced the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama"; his main stage partners were Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Onoe Matsusuke I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and Arashi Hinasuke I.

28th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1775 [2]: his father Fujikawa Sanpachi died.

11th lunar month of 1775: Sango produced in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Kono Hana Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Koroku II, Somematsu Shichisabur˘ II, Matsuyama Kogenji and Nakamura Sh˘gor˘; others actors were Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura Jűz˘ II, Onoe Shinshichi I, Onoe Matsusuke I, Arashi T˘jűr˘, Arashi Shichigor˘ II, Asao Toyoz˘, Sakata Raiz˘, Asao Kunigor˘ I, Arashi Matsunoj˘ IV and Arashi Shigenoi.

11th lunar month of 1776: Sango performed in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Oso Uji Yodo no Irifune", which was produced by Matsuyama Kogenji and celebrated the shűmei of Mihogi Gizaemon II.

1st lunar month of 1777: Sango's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent).

Fall 1777: Sango went to ďsaka for the first time.

11th lunar month of 1777: Sango performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and and celebrated the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II; others main actors were Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Onoe Shinshichi I, Kiriyama Monji II, Hanagiri Toyomatsu III, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ III, Arashi Matsujir˘ I, Fujikawa Ryűz˘ and Nakamura Tamagashiwa.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Sango played the role of the courtesan Hanatachibana [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Sango performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Genpei Tatoezukushi", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and welcomed back in ďsaka the star Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1779: Sango's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1779: Sango performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Senshű Banzei Chibako no Tamamono", which was produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Noshio II and Yamamura Giemon II.

11th lunar month of 1780: Sango became zamoto in ďsaka and produced the kaomise drama "M˘ M˘ Yokaro Ushi no Tamamono", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango and welcomes back in ďsaka the actor Yamashita Kinsaku II after 11 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1781: Sango produced at the Kado no Shibai Namiki Gohei I's drama "Tensha Yorozu Yoshitsune Biiki".

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura"; Sango produced it and played the role of Somenoi [casting]. A similar play was staged a few days later under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters.

11th lunar month of 1782: produced in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Yamato Moji Sansai Zue".

1st lunar month of 1784: he performed in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was staged as both the kaomise drama and the new year drama.

Fall 1784: Sango goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1784: Sango was expected to perform at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "ďakinai Hiru-ga-Kojima". He unfortunately fell ill and could not perform on stage.

5th day of the 12th lunar month of 1784 [1]: Sango died in Edo.

Comments:

Fujikawa Sango was a popular Kamigata onnagata actor, who was active from the middle of the 1760s to the middle of the 1780s. He was said to be equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas. He was also said to look and speak like a woman.

[1] The 5th day of the 12th lunar month of the 4th year of the Tenmei era was the 15th of January 1785 in the western calendar.

[2] The 28th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 4th year of the An'ei era was the 27th of April 1775 in the western calendar.

Fujikawa Sango in an illustration from the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi", which was published in ďsaka by Yamatoya Kaemon in 1784

 
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