NAKAMURA JAKUEMON I

Stage names:

Nakamura Jakuemon I
Nakamura Gizaemon
Nakamura Shibaz˘ I
Nakamura Genji

Guild: Edoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shito

Existence: 1806 ~ 18th day of the 8th lunar month of 1871

Connections:

Master: Nakamura T˘tar˘ (Utaemon IV)

Disciples: Nakamura Jakuemon II, Nakamura Koshiba, Nakamura Shibasabur˘, Nakamura Tasabur˘, Nakamura Shibaz˘

Career:

1806~1825: born in ďsaka in the district of Shinbori. His father is the owner of a tea house called Edogen. He starts his career at an early age, playing under the name of Nakamura Genji in the children-actors troupe led by Nakamura T˘tar˘. They perform mainly in the precincts of temples and shrines (miyaji shibai).

3rd lunar month of 1826: Genji settles in Edo and takes the name of Nakamura Shibaz˘ I at the Nakamuraza, playing in the dramas "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" and "Hatsu Yagura Yayoi no Kotobuki".

11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Shibaz˘ plays the role of Izawa Yakur˘ [more details].

1834: Shibaz˘ goes back to Kamigata.

3rd lunar month of 1845: Shibaz˘ plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Motoemon in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Nakamura Shikan III (Hayase Iori), Arashi Rikaku II (Yasuke), Sawamura Kit˘ (Somenoi) and Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).

1st lunar month of 1847: Nakamura Shibaz˘ I takes the name of Nakamura Gizaemon at the Chikugo no Shibai.

Spring 1851: Nakamura Gizaemon takes the name of Nakamura Jakuemon I in Nagoya at the Wakamiya no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1851: official shűmei in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Jakuemon plays the roles of Kurosuke and Hida Saemon in the classic "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

8th lunar month of 1854: Jakuemon achieves a great success in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai by playing the role of R˘ikkan in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen".

Spring 1860: Jakuemon becomes zagashira at the Chikugo no Shibai; he successfully produces the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

6th ~ 7th lunar months of 1860: tour in Miyajima with Band˘ Kamez˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, Fujikawa Tomokichi III and ďtani Tomomatsu; Jakuemon plays the role of Nikki Danj˘ in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

9th lunar month of 1864: Jakuemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘, Yakushiji Jirozaemon and Ono Sadakur˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura". His stage partners are Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I, Ogino Senjo and Arashi Hinasuke VII.

1866: Jakuemon's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1870: Jakuemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Yazaemon ("Sushiya") and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1871: Jakuemon appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Takeda no Shibai, playing the roles of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori and Magoemon in the jidaimono "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata" and the sewamono "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; he dies in the 8th lunar month of 1871 and his tombstone is located in ďsaka in the precinct of the Yűk˘ji temple in the district of Shimoteramachi.

Comments:

Nakamura Jakuemon I was a great and popular Kamigata actor, who excelled in katakiyaku and jitsuaku roles. He was also at the end of his career an outstanding oyajigata.

The actors Fujikawa Tomokichi III (left) and Nakamura Jakuemon I (right) playing the roles of Kozue and Rokur˘dayű in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ K˘bai Tazuna", staged in the 4th lunar month of 1860 in ďsaka at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (print made by Hasegawa Munehiro)

Print made by Nakai Yoshitaki in 1861

The Nakamura Shibaz˘ line of actors

The Nakamura Jakuemon line of actors

 
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