NAKAMURA JAKUEMON I

Stage names:

Nakamura Jakuemon I In Japanese
Nakamura Gizaemon In Japanese
Nakamura Shibaz˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Genji In Japanese

Guild: Edoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shito

Existence: 1806 ~ 18th day of the 8th lunar month of 1871 [1]

Connections:

Master: Nakamura T˘tar˘ (Utaemon IV)

Disciples: Nakamura Jakuemon II, Nakamura Koshiba, Nakamura Shibasabur˘, Nakamura Tasabur˘, Nakamura Shibaz˘

Career:

1806~1825: born in ďsaka in the district of Shinbori. His father was the owner of a tea house called Edogen. He started his career at an early age, playing under the name of Nakamura Genji in the children-actors troupe (kodomo shibai) led by Nakamura T˘tar˘. They performed mainly in the precincts of temples and shrines (miyaji shibai).

3rd lunar month of 1826: Genji settled in Edo and took the name of Nakamura Shibaz˘ I at the Nakamuraza, performing in the dramas "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" and "Hatsu Yagura Yayoi no Kotobuki".

11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Shibaz˘ played the role of Izawa Yakur˘ [more details].

1834: Shibaz˘ went back to Kamigata.

3rd lunar month of 1845: Shibaz˘ played at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Adachi Motoemon in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura"; his stage partners were Nakamura Shikan III (Hayase Iori), Arashi Rikaku II (Adachi Yasuke), Sawamura Kit˘ (Somenoi) and Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).

1st lunar month of 1847: Nakamura Shibaz˘ I took the name of Nakamura Gizaemon at the Chikugo no Shibai.

Spring 1851: Nakamura Gizaemon took the name of Nakamura Jakuemon I in Nagoya at the Wakamiya no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1851: official shűmei in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Jakuemon played the roles of Kurosuke and Hida Saemon in the classic "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

17th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1852 [2]: his master Nakamura Utaemon IV died in ďsaka.

8th lunar month of 1854: Jakuemon achieved a great success in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai by playing the role of R˘ikkan in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen"; the roles of Wat˘nai, Kanki, Kinsh˘jo and Gosankei were played by Onoe Waichi II, Onoe Tamiz˘ II, Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III and Sawamura Shirogor˘ III.

Spring 1860: Jakuemon became zagashira at the Chikugo no Shibai; he successfully produced the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

6th ~ 7th lunar months of 1860: tour in Miyajima with Band˘ Kamez˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, Fujikawa Tomokichi III and ďtani Tomomatsu; Jakuemon played the role of Nikki Danj˘ in "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

9th lunar month of 1864: Jakuemon played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘, Yakushiji Jirozaemon and Ono Sadakur˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partners were Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I, Ogino Senjo and Arashi Hinasuke VI.

1866: Jakuemon's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, jitsuaku/katakiyaku section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

9th lunar month of 1870: Jakuemon played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Yazaemon ("Sushiya") and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1871: Jakuemon appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Takeda no Shibai, playing the roles of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori and Magoemon in the jidaimono "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata" and the sewamono "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai".

18th day of the 8th lunar month of 1871 [1]: Jakuemon died [3].

Comments:

Nakamura Jakuemon I was a great and popular Kamigata actor, who excelled in katakiyaku and jitsuaku roles. He was also at the end of his career an outstanding oyajigata.

[1] The 18th day of the 8th lunar month of the 4th year of the Meiji era was the 2nd of October 1871 in the western calendar.

[2] The 17th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 5th year of the Kaei era was the 7th of March 1852 in the western calendar.

[3] Nakamura Jakuemon I's tombstone was located in ďsaka in the precinct of the Yűk˘ji temple in the district of Shimoteramachi.

The actors Fujikawa Tomokichi III (left) and Nakamura Jakuemon I (right) playing the roles of Kozue and Rokur˘dayű in the drama "Kajiwara Heiz˘ K˘bai Tazuna", staged in the 4th lunar month of 1860 in ďsaka at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (print made by Hasegawa Munehiro)

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakamura Shibaz˘ line of actors

The Nakamura Jakuemon line of actors

 
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