ARASHI RIKAN II

Stage names:

Arashi Rikan II In Japanese
Arashi Kitsusabur˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Tokusabur˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Jusabur˘ I In Japanese
Arashi Tokusabur˘ II In Japanese

Other name:

Arashi Rikaku I In Japanese

Nickname: Metoku

Guilds: Itamiya, Okajimaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Gyokusan, Rikaku

Existence: 1788 ~ 13th day of the 6th lunar month of 1837 [1]

Connection:

Masters: Arashi Izabur˘ I (Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I's brother)

Disciples: Arashi Rikan III, Arashi Rikaku II, Arashi Katsusabur˘

Career:

11th lunar month of 1800: he appeared on stage for the first time, in ďsaka at the Takeda no Shibai, where he received the name of Arashi Tokusabur˘ II.

1800 ~ 1820: he spent the first twenty years of his career in Kamigata, playing at the beginning in children-troupe (kodomo shibai), then in travelling troupe (tabi shibai) performing in the precincts of temples or shrines (miyaji shibai) in the Ky˘to area or in ďsaka minor theaters (hama shibai).

Summer 1820: he temporarily took the name of Arashi Jusabur˘ I.

Fall 1820: he went to Edo, along with Nakamura Gennosuke I and Arashi Ryűgor˘, to perform at the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1820: he took back the name of Arashi Tokusabur˘ II and played at the Nakamuraza the roles of the yakko Yatahei and Genjűr˘ in the drama "Saruwaka Hisago no Gunbai".

26th day of the 9th lunar month of 1821 [2]: Arashi Kitsusabur˘ I died in ďsaka.

7th lunar month of 1822: Tokusabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Honda Dainaiki and Yamada K˘bŕ in the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku".

Summer 1822: Tokusabur˘ went back to ďsaka.

9th lunar month of 1822: Arashi Tokusabur˘ II took the name of Arashi Kitsusabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Yorimasa and Hayata in the drama "Yorimasa Nue Monogatari", which commemorated the 1st anniversary (2nd memorial service) of late Arashi Rikan I.

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1828: tour in Nagoya for a troupe led by Kitsusabur˘, Sawamura Kunitar˘ II and ďtani Tomoemon II; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in dramas like "Hirakana Seisuiki", "Kuni Namari Futaba no Oizuru", "Katakiuchi Ura no Asagiri" or "Onna Hachinoki".

8th lunar month of 1828: Arashi Kitsusabur˘ II took the name of Arashi Rikan II at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Sait˘ Tar˘ Saemon and Rinpei in the dramas "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi" and "Otoko Narikeri Onna Narukami", which were produced by Sawamura Otomatsu and commemorated the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of late Arashi Rikan I; his stage partners were Band˘ Jutar˘ I, Sawamura Kunitar˘ II, ďtani Tomoemon II and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1829: Rikan's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1829: Rikan played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Izumi no Sabur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘"; The role of Gotobŕ was played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

9th lunar month of 1829: Rikan played the role of Utanosuke in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Nakamura Umematsu; his stage partners were Nakamura Utaemon III (Matahei), Nakamura Matsue III (Otoku) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Sh˘gen). The play was staged in the 11th lunar month with the same casting at the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to).

1st lunar month of 1830: Rikan's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent). He played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Mashiba Hisatsugu, Gengor˘, Takagi Jirodayű, Iwaki Taemanoj˘ and Miura Tatewaki in the drama "Keisei Setsugekka", sharing the stage with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Nakamura Utaemon III, Ichikawa Hakuen II, Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Matsue III.

Spring 1830: tour in Ise and Matsuzaka.

9th lunar month of 1830: Rikan played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Osome and the yakko Yokanpei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; the role of Kuzu-no-Ha was played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1830: Rikan played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Ume˘maru in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also played the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was staged at the end of the program.

1st lunar month of 1831: Rikan played at the Kado no Shibai 3 roles in the drama "Keisei Sato no Odamaki", which was produced by Arashi Tokusabur˘ III, sharing the stage with Onoe Kikugor˘ III, Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Asao Gakujűr˘.

7th lunar month of 1831: Rikan played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

9th lunar month of 1831: Rikan played in the same theater 2 roles in the drama "Chűk˘ Homare no Futamichi".

11th lunar month of 1831: Rikan played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of En'ya Hangan, Amakawaya Gihei, Ono no Sadakur˘, Yoichibŕ, Teraoka Heiemon, Horibe Yajibŕ and the wakat˘ Takunai in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1832: Rikan's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki was shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). He played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Miyamoto Musashi in the drama "Katakiuchi Nit˘ Eiyűki", which was produced by Arashi Kitsunosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1832: Rikan played in the same theater in the drama "Tsukushi no Tsumagoto Asagao Nikki".

5th lunar month of 1832: Rikan played in the same theater the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners were Iwai Shijaku I (Issun Tokubŕ) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Tsuribune Sabu). He also performed in "Yoshiwara Saiken no Zu".

8th lunar month of 1832: Rikan performed at the Naka no Shibai in the drama "Ehon Tengajaya-mura", which was produced by Arashi Takejir˘.

11th lunar month of 1832: Rikan played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Miyamoto Musashi in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".

1st lunar month of 1833: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Oguri Hangan and Namishichi in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

5th lunar month of 1833: Rikan played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Wat˘nai in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen".

7th lunar month of 1833: Rikan played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Wat˘nai and Asaina T˘bŕ in the dramas "Kokusen'ya Gassen" and "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi".

9th lunar month of 1833: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Mohŕ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Osan was played by Iwai Shijaku I.

1st lunar month of 1834: Rikan's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent). He played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Sankichi, Yurugi Saemon and Hachiz˘ in the drama "Keisei Somewake Tazuna".

5th lunar month of 1834: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Wada Yoshimori, Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon and Higuchi Jir˘ Kanemitsu in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

6th lunar month of 1834: Rikan played at the Wakadayű no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of the sum˘ wrestler Iwakawa Jirokichi and the warrior Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the dramas "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori" and "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

8th lunar month of 1834: Rikan played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Ume no Yoshibŕ in the drama "Suda no Haru Geiko Katagi".

9th lunar month of 1834: Rikan played at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Karaki Masaemon and Sasaki Tan'emon in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa". The troupe moved to the Naka no Shibai and performed in the same play in the 10th lunar month. Then, the troupe finally moved to the Minamigawa no Shibai and performed in the same play in the 11th lunar month.

11th lunar month of 1834: Rikan also played in the same theater the roles of Fukashichi and Mohŕ in the dramas "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" and "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi".

1st lunar month of 1835: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kikkawa Kaget˘ and Tajima in the drama "Keisei Hanafusa S˘shi".

3rd lunar month of 1835: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘, Matsu˘maru and Terukuni in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1835: tour in Nagoya (Wakamiya no Shibai) with Nakamura Karoku I and Arashi Sangor˘ IV.

7th lunar month of 1835: tour in Kuwana.

8th lunar month of 1835: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Hirai Gonpachi and Konoshita T˘kichi in the dramas "Hiyokumon Sato no Nishikie" and "Konoshita Kage Hazama Gassen".

10th lunar month of 1835: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Yashichi and Yajibŕ in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1835: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Taira no Atsumori and Washio no Sabur˘ in the drama "Suma no Miyako Genpei Tsutsuji".

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa"; Rikan played the roles of Kanamari Daisuke and Inuzuka Shino Moritaka [casting]. He suddenly fell ill and had to be replaced by Arashi Rikaku II.

8th lunar month of 1836: Rikan played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Aburaya Yohŕ in the drama "Abura Akindo Kuruwa Banashi".

1st lunar month of 1837: Rikan's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). Rikan played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sasahara Hayato and Demura Shinbŕ in the dramas "Keisei Ogura Shikishi" and "Koi Minato".

5th lunar month of 1837: Rikan appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai, where he played the role of Tamiya Genhachir˘ in the drama "Katakiuchi Noriai Banashi". He suddenly fell ill and stopped acting.

13th day of the 6th lunar month of 1837 [1]: Rikan died in ďsaka [3].

Comments:

Arashi Rikan II was an outstanding and popular actor, able to play any kind of tachiyaku role in any jidaimono or sewamono drama, excelling in jitsugotoshi, wagoto, sum˘ wrestler and oyajigata roles. He was an actor of small stature but was endowed with a pair of big and expressive eyes (his nickname Metoku comes from the word me meaning eye and toku, the first ideogram of his first name Tokusabur˘). His looks was said to be as amazing as Nakamura Utaemon III's looks.

[1] The 13th day of the 6th lunar month of the 8th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 15th of July 1837 in the western calendar.

[2] The 26th day of the 9th lunar month of the 4th year of the Bunsei era was the 21st of October 1821 in the western calendar.

[3] Rikan's tombstone was located in ďsaka in the precinct of the J˘genji temple.

Arashi Rikan II playing the role of Gengor˘ in the drama "Keisei Setsugekka", which was performed in the 1st lunar month of 1830 in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai (print made by Utagawa Kunihiro)

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces of Arashi Rikan II

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1821

Print made by Asayama Ashiyuki in 1826

Print made by Asayama Ashiyuki in 1827

Print made by Shunshosai Hokuch˘ in 1829

Print made by Utagawa Kunihiro in 1830

Print made by Shumbaisai Hokuei in 1830

Print made by Utagawa Shigeharu in 1830

Print made by Utagawa Shigeharu in 1831

Print made by Shumbaisai Hokuei in 1835

The Arashi Tokusabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Kitsusabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Rikan line of actors

 
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