ICHIKAWA DANJ█Rď XI

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI In Japanese
Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX In Japanese
Ichikawa Komaz˘ IX In Japanese
Matsumoto Kintar˘ I In Japanese

Real names: Horikoshi Haruo, Fujima Haruo

Guild: Naritaya

Line number: J█ICHIDAIME (XI)

Existence: 6 January 1909 ~ 10 November 1965

Connections:

Father: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII

Adoptive father: Ichikawa Sansh˘ V (Danjűr˘ X)

Brothers: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII, Onoe Sh˘roku II

Son: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XII

Grandson: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ XI

Disciples : Ichikawa Masunoj˘ II, Ichikawa Masusuke, Ichikawa Masuju, Ichikawa Masuichir˘, Ichikawa Masuz˘ IV, Ichikawa Rik˘

Career:

6 January 1909: born in T˘ky˘ in the district of Nihonbashi Hama-ch˘.

January 1915: debut on stage (hatsubutai) at the Imperial Theater, where he received the name of Matsumoto Kintar˘ I and played the role of Kaid˘maru in the dance-drama "Yamanba".

September 1923: the family house in T˘ky˘ was destoyed by a powerful earthquake called Kant˘ Daijishin. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and his sons went to Kamigata. Kintar˘ had the chance to meet and learn the art with the great actor Nakamura Ganjir˘ I.

April 1929: Matsumoto Kintar˘ took the name of Ichikawa Komaz˘ IX at the Imperial Theater, playing the role of Ushiwakamaru in the drama "Genji Eboshi-ori".

February 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Komaz˘ played the role of Hisanaga Naiki [casting].

1936 ~ 1939: Komaz˘ joined the Kabuki troupe sponsored by the T˘h˘ Company, without his father's; his stage partners were Nakamura Moshio IV, Band˘ Minosuke VI and Ichikawa Sumiz˘ VI. After 3 years spent at the T˘h˘, Komaz˘ went back to the Sh˘chiku Company.

1940: Komaz˘ was adopted by Ichikawa Sansh˘ V. His honmy˘, which used to be Fujima Haruo, was changed to Horikoshi Haruo.

May 1940: Ichikawa Komaz˘ IX took the name of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX at the Kabukiza, playing the role of role of a uir˘ peddler, in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in disguise, in the drama "Uir˘ Uri", which was revived for this occasion.

1943: Ebiz˘ joined the Imperial Army but, victim of the typhus fever, he was quickly demobilized.

June 1946: Ebiz˘ played for the first time the role of Hanakawado Sukeroku in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura", which was staged at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘; the role of Agemaki was alternatively played by Nakamura Shikan VI and Onoe Kikunosuke III.

May 1947: revival at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the drama "Jayanagi"; Ebiz˘ played the role of Ema Koshir˘ Yoshitoki [more details].

October 1948: Ebiz˘ played at the Mitsukoshi Gekij˘ the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

27 January 1949: his father Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII died.

December 1949: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Ikutama Shinjű" was revived at the Mitsukoshi Gekij˘, using a new script written by Uno Nobuo; Ebiz˘ played the role of Hitotsuya Kaheiji [more details].

July 1951: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Ebiz˘ played the role of the travelling actor Miyagawa Ushinosuke, later the priest Enmeiin Nitt˘ [casting].

October 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Wakaki Hi no Nobunaga"; Ebiz˘ played the role of Nobunaga [casting].

March 1953: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Edo no Yűbae"; Ebiz˘ played the role of the hatamoto Honda Koroku [casting].

January 1954: the duet Ichikawa Ebiz˘ - Onoe Baik˘ VII plays for the first time in the drama "Yuki no Yűbe Iriya no Azemichi", which was staged at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘. Onoe Baik˘ VII played the role of the courtesan Michitose and Ebiz˘ the role of Kataoka Naojir˘.

March 1954: revival at the Kabukiza of the dance-drama "Oshidori"; Ebiz˘ played the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].

December 1954: premiere at the Meijiza of Kawaguchi Matsutar˘'s revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi", which was entitled "Osan Mohei"; Ebiz˘ played the role of Mohei [casting].

1 February 1956: his adoptive father Ichikawa Sansh˘ V died.

September 1961: Ebiz˘ played at the Kabukiza the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Onoe and Ohatsu were performed by Nakamura Utaemon VI and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

April 1962: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX took the prestigious name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) in "Kanjinch˘" and "Sukeroku"; the roles of Togashi Saemon and Yoshitsune in "Kanjinch˘" were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Onoe Baik˘ VII; the roles of Agemaki, Ikyű and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ (in reality Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari) in "Sukeroku" were played by Nakamura Utaemon VI, Band˘ Minosuke VI and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII; his late adoptive father Ichikawa Sansh˘ V posthumously received the name of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ X.

May 1962: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI celebrated his second month of shűmei at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) in "Kanjinch˘" and "Sukeroku" (same roles as in april but different casting); the roles of Togashi Saemon and Yoshitsune in "Kanjinch˘" were played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII and Onoe Baik˘ VII; the roles of Agemaki, Ikyű and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ (in reality Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari) in "Sukeroku" were played by Nakamura Utaemon VI, Band˘ Minosuke VI and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

September 1963: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI celebrated his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) in "Kanjinch˘" and "Sukeroku"; the roles of Togashi Saemon and Yoshitsune in "Kanjinch˘" were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Onoe Baik˘ VII; the roles of Agemaki, Ikyű and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ (in reality Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari) in "Sukeroku" were played by Onoe Baik˘ VII, Ichimura Uzaemon XVII and Ichikawa Sadanji III.

December 1963: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Hanakawado Sukeroku (in reality Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) in "Kanjinch˘" and "Sukeroku"; the roles of Togashi Saemon and Yoshitsune in "Kanjinch˘" were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII and Nakamura Utaemon VI; the roles of Agemaki, Ikyű and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ (in reality Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari) in "Sukeroku" were played by Onoe Baik˘ VII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII and Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

May 1965: Danjűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, where he played the role of Yasuna in the eponymous dance-drama "Yasuna".

10 November 1965: Danjűr˘ died.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI was a talented tachiyaku and nimaime of the Sh˘wa era. He unfortunately died only 3 years after the most important postwar shűmei, which gave him the most prestigious name of the Kabuki world.

Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI portraying Sukeroku in a print made by ďta Masamitsu

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by ďta Masamitsu in 1950

The Matsumoto Kintar˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Komaz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Ebiz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danjűr˘ line of actors

 
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