KATAOKA NIZAEMON XIII

Stage names:

Kataoka Nizaemon XIII In Japanese
Kataoka Gat˘ IV In Japanese
Kataoka Chiyonosuke In Japanese

Real name: Kataoka Chiyonosuke

Guild: Matsushimaya

Line number: J█SANDAIME (XIII)

Poetry name: Sakoku

Crest: the ideogram for two (2 horizontal bars) in a circle

Existence: 15 December 1903 ~ 26 March 1994

Connections:

Adoptive father: Kataoka Nizaemon XI

Sons: Kataoka Gat˘ V, Kataoka Hidetar˘ II, Kataoka Nizaemon XV

Grandsons: Kataoka Shinnosuke, Kataoka Takatar˘

Great-grandson: Kataoka Sennosuke

Disciples: Kataoka Matsunosuke IV, Kataoka Matsunoj˘ I, Kataoka T˘jűr˘ III, Kataoka Hideju, Kataoka Sh˘en II, Kataoka Senz˘, Kataoka T˘sh˘, Kataoka Matsuya, Kataoka Senkichir˘, Kataoka Gayű II (?)

Career:

December 1903: born in T˘ky˘. He was the third son of Yasuda Zenzabur˘, the owner of the Yasuda Zaibatsu. He was adopted by the actor Kataoka Gat˘ III.

December 1906: he made his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza where he performed under the name of Kataoka Chiyonosuke (his honmy˘).

1913: Chiyonosuke became a member of the troupe Kataoka Sh˘nen Geki, led by his adoptive father Kataoka Nizaemon XI and performing in T˘ky˘ at the T˘ky˘za.

April 1929: Kataoka Chiyonosuke took the name of Kataoka Gat˘ IV at the Kabukiza, where he played the role of Denbŕ in the drama "Chikagoro Kawara no Tatehiki".

1932: Gat˘ became the leader of a troupe of young actors, including Nakamura K˘tar˘ III, Nakamura Moshio IV, Band˘ Shűka III, Ichikawa Sh˘en and Band˘ Minosuke VI.

16 October 1934: his adoptive father Kataoka Nizaemon XI died.

1939: Gat˘ settled in ďsaka.

January 1945: Gat˘ played at the Nakaza the role of Jihiz˘ in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the role of Yokoz˘ was played by Jitsukawa Enjaku II.

January 1946: first post-WWII performances; Gat˘ played at the Minamiza the roles of Zenigata Heiji, Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke, Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Sakaida Kakiemon in "Zenigata Heiji Torimono Hikae", "Benten Koz˘", "Akoya" and "Meik˘ Kakiemon".

16 March 1946: Kataoka Nizaemon XII died in T˘ky˘.

March 1951: Kataoka Gat˘ IV took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XIII at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kamiya Jihŕ, Hoshikage Doemon, Yanagisawa Yasuaki and Kameya Chűbŕ (and his father Magoemon) in "Shigure no Kotatsu", "Gosho no Goroz˘", "Ak˘ Gishi Shinpan" and "Ninokuchi-mura" [more details].

May 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing the roles of Yamazaki Yogor˘, the sarumawashi Yojir˘, ďtaka Gengo, the furuteya Hachirobŕ and Hoshikage Doemon in "Sum˘ba", "Horikawa", "Tsuchiya Chikara", "Unagidani" and "Gosho no Goroz˘".

September 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘, the farmer Yoemon (in reality Kinugawa Taniz˘) and the hair-dresser Sanigoroshichi (in fact Asaka Yoichir˘) in "Umagiri", "Kasane" and "Ich˘zuru Fumi no Fűjime".

October 1951: Kataoka Nizaemon XIII celebrated his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza, playing the roles of Yamazaki Yogor˘, the sarumawashi Yojir˘, the furuteya Hachirobŕ, Koganosuke and Hoshikage Doemon in "Sum˘ba", "Horikawa", "Unagidani", "Yoshinogawa" and "Gosho no Goroz˘".

July 1951: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Jiisan Baasan"; Nizaemon played the role of Minobe Iori [casting].

April 1954: revival (the 1st since the end of WW2) at the Nakaza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Nizaemon played the roles of Okada Ry˘suke and Ogasawara T˘t˘mi-no-Kami [casting].

January 1955: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Naniwa no Ashi"; Nizaemon played the role of Saemon [casting].

July 1956: premiere at the ďsaka Kabukiza of the dance-drama "Uma Nusubito"; Nizaemon played the role of Rokubei [casting].

March 1958: Nizaemon took part in the final Kabuki performances at the ďsaka Kabukiza [more details].

January 1964: revival at the Nissay Theatre of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's spectacular drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Nizaemon played the role of Tawara no T˘ta Hidesato [casting].

November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Nizaemon played the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Terukuni [casting].

April 1967: revival at the National Theatre of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Yari no Gonza Kasane Katabira"; Nizaemon played the role of Iwaki Chűtabei [casting].

March 1972: Nizaemon received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

April 1976: the National Theatre produces the revival in 5 acts and 9 scenes of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Nizaemon played the roles of Hayakawa Takakage and Daibutsu Mochiya S˘emon [casting].

April 1981: revival at the National Theatre of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Nizaemon played the roles of Taik˘ Hisayoshi and Kishida Minbu (in reality Shih˘ten Tajima-no-Kami) [casting].

1991: a great 8-hours long documentary dedicated to Nizaemon and called "Kabuki Yakusha: Kataoka Nizaemon" was directed by Haneda Sumiko.

December 1993: Nizaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he played the role of Sat˘ Masakiyo in the "Kosui Gozabune" act of the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘".

Comments:

Kataoka Nizaemon XIII was a tachiyaku and a wagotoshi of the Sh˘wa era. His career was one of the longest in Kabuki history (87 years from 1906 to 1993!) and in his latter years, though he almost lost his eyesight, he was still on top of the bill in difficult roles.

Kataoka Nizaemon XIII's best roles were Kameya Chűbŕ ("Fűin Giri"), Magoemon ("Ninokuchi-mura"), Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") S˘roku (Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi), Shigetada (Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki), Fujiya Izaemon ("Kuruwa Bunsh˘") and Takechi Mitsuhide ("Ehon Taik˘ki").

Kataoka Nizaemon XIII playing the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1953)

The Kataoka Gat˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors

 
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