|KATAOKA NIZAEMON XII|
Kataoka Nizaemon XII
Kataoka Roen IV
Real name: Kataoka T˘kichi
Line number: J█NIDAIME (XII)
Poetry name: Roen (4)
Existence: 9 September 1882 ~ 16 March 1946
Grandfather: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII
Father: Kataoka Nizaemon X
1885: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Chitoseza, where he plays under his real name, Kataoka T˘kichi.
16 April 1895: his father Kataoka Nizaemon X dies.
January 1896: Kataoka T˘kichi takes the name of Kataoka Tsuchinosuke II at the Kabukiza, playing in the drama "Z˘h˘ Momoyama Monogatari".
July 1903: Gad˘ plays at the Bentenza (ďsaka) the role of Shuntokumaru in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji". His stage partners are Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (Tamate Gozen) and Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Gapp˘).
January 1916: Gad˘ plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the prestigious role of Princess Yuki in the drama "Kinkakuji". His stage partners are Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (T˘kichi) and Arashi Gansh˘ (Daizen). The same play is staged with the same casting in April at the Suehiroza (Nagoya).
16 October 1934: his uncle Kataoka Nizaemon XI dies.
December 1934: Gad˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Shimbei in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and Ikyű are played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII. Gad˘ also plays the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.
January 1936: Kataoka Gad˘ IV takes the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XII at the Kabukiza, playing in the drama "Sanzenry˘ Hatsuharu Kurairi".
March 1938: Nizaemon plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Shimbei and Ikyű are played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Nakamura Kaisha and ďtani Tomoemon VI. Nizaemon also plays the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘". The roles of Benkei and Togashi are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.
December 1941: Nizaemon plays at the Minamiza the role of Otomi in the drama "Yowa Nasaka Ukina no Yokogushi"; the role of Yosabur˘ is played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV. He also plays the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.
January 1946: Nizaemon appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he plays the roles of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘, Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke, Akoya and Sakaida Kakiemon in the dramas "Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘", "Benten Koz˘", "Akoya" and "Meik˘ Kakiemon".
16 March 1946: "his life and career were cut short, however, when, on 16 March 1946, he and four others in his household were murdered by Toshiaki Iida, in the actor's home*. Iida was a writer who had been living in a detached house on the actor's property. Like the great majority of Japanese in the early post-war, Iida was extremely poor and starving. On this particular day, a quarrel erupted between Nizaemon and Iida who envied and resented the actor's relatively lavish lifestyle; it ended with the writer killing Nizaemon, his wife, his infant son, and two maids with a hatchet" (source: wikipedia).
Kataoka Nizaemon XII was the first in this prestigious line of actor to focus on onnagata roles. After the death of Onoe Baik˘ VI in 1934, he became the main stage partner in female roles of the star Ichimura Uzaemon XV. He was extremely popular in T˘ky˘ as well as ďsaka.
(*) Kataoka Nizaemon XII's home in T˘ky˘ was located in Sendagaya (district of Shibuya). The victims were the actor, the actor's 26-year old wife Toshiko, his 2-year old son Sabur˘, a 12-year old housemaid and a 69-year old housemaid.
Kataoka Nizaemon XII playing the role of Ch˘shichir˘ in the drama "Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘" in a print made by ďta Masamitsu in 1950 (?)
The Kataoka Roen line of actors
The Kataoka Gad˘ line of actors
The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors
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