KATAOKA NIZAEMON XII

Stage names:

Kataoka Nizaemon XII In Japanese
Kataoka Gad˘ IV In Japanese
Kataoka Tsuchinosuke II In Japanese
Kataoka T˘kichi In Japanese

Others names:

Kataoka Gad˘ XII In Japanese
Kataoka Roen IV In Japanese

Real name: Kataoka T˘kichi

Guild: Matsushimaya

Line number: J█NIDAIME (XII)

Poetry name: Roen (4)

Existence: 9 September 1882 ~ 16 March 1946

Connections:

Grandfather: Kataoka Nizaemon VIII

Father: Kataoka Nizaemon X

Sons: Kataoka Gad˘ V, Ichimura Yoshigor˘ II, Kataoka Roen VI

Career:

1885: he made his first appearance on stage, in T˘ky˘ at the Chitoseza, where he performed under his real name Kataoka T˘kichi.

16 April 1895: his father Kataoka Nizaemon X died.

January 1896: Kataoka T˘kichi took the name of Kataoka Tsuchinosuke II at the Kabukiza, performing in the drama "Z˘h˘ Momoyama Monogatari".

March 1901: Kataoka Tsuchinosuke II took the name of Kataoka Gad˘ IV in ďsaka at the Kadoza, performing in the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

July 1903: Gad˘ played at the Bentenza (ďsaka) the role of Shuntokumaru in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; his stage partners were Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (Tamate Gozen) and Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Gapp˘).

April 1912: premiere at the Kabukiza of the dance "Hashi Benkei"; Gad˘ played the role of Ushiwakamaru [more details].

January 1916: Gad˘ played at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the prestigious role of Princess Yuki in the drama "Kinkakuji"; his stage partners were Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (T˘kichi) and Arashi Gansh˘ (Daizen). The same play is staged with the same casting in April at the Suehiroza (Nagoya).

September 1922: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Nazo no Obi Chotto Tokubŕ"; Gad˘ played the role of the okujochű Kotoura [more details].

April 1932: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mayama Seika's "Yoritomo no Shi"; Gad˘ played the role of ďe Hiromoto [casting].

16 October 1934: his uncle Kataoka Nizaemon XI died.

December 1934: Gad˘ played at the Minamiza the role of Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and Ikyű were played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII. Gad˘ also played the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

January 1936: Kataoka Gad˘ IV took the name of Kataoka Nizaemon XII at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘ and the courtesan Satsuki in the dramas "Sanzenry˘ Hatsuharu Kurairi" and "Hototogisu Tateshi no Goshozome"; the roles of Gosho no Goroz˘, the courtesan ďshű, Hoshikage Doemon and Kabutoya Yogor˘ in the latter drama were played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Ichimura Kakitsu VII, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Onoe Kikugor˘ VI.

December 1937: Nizaemon played at the Minamiza the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

March 1938: Nizaemon played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; the roles of Sukeroku, Shinbŕ and Ikyű were played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Nakamura Kaisha and ďtani Tomoemon VI. Nizaemon also played the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

November 1938: premiere at the Kabukiza of "Nambuzaka no Yuki Wakare", the sixth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Nizaemon played the role of Lady Y˘zeiin [casting].

January 1940: premiere at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of "Ohama Goten Tsunatoyo-ky˘", the fifth play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Nizaemon played the role of Ejima [casting].

March 1941: Nizaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

December 1941: Nizaemon played at the Minamiza the role of Otomi in the drama "Yowa Nasaka Ukina no Yokogushi"; the role of Yosabur˘ was played by Ichimura Uzaemon XV. He also played the role of Yoshitsune in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Benkei and Togashi were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

June 1943: Nizaemon achieved a great success at the Kabukiza by playing the role of Kiso Senj˘ Yoshikata in the drama "Yoshikata Saigo".

December 1945: Nizaemon played at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ the roles of R˘ben, Akoya and Omino in the dramas "R˘ben Sugi no Yurai", "Akoya" and "Sasaki Takatsuna".

January 1946: Nizaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he played the roles of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘, Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke, Akoya and Sakaida Kakiemon in the dramas "Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘", "Benten Koz˘", "Akoya" and "Meik˘ Kakiemon".

16 March 1946: "his life and career were cut short, however, when, on 16 March 1946, he and four others in his household were murdered by Toshiaki Iida, in the actor's home [1]. Iida was a writer who had been living in a detached house on the actor's property. Like the great majority of Japanese in the early post-war, Iida was extremely poor and starving. On this particular day, a quarrel erupted between Nizaemon and Iida who envied and resented the actor's relatively lavish lifestyle; it ended with the writer killing Nizaemon, his wife, his infant son, and two maids with a hatchet" (source: wikipedia).

Comments:

Kataoka Nizaemon XII was the first in this prestigious line of actor to focus on onnagata roles. After the death of Onoe Baik˘ VI in 1934, he became the main stage partner in female roles of the star Ichimura Uzaemon XV. He was extremely popular in T˘ky˘ as well as ďsaka.

Kataoka Nizaemon XII's best roles: Miyuki ("Asagao Nikki") and Akoya ("Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki").

[1] Kataoka Nizaemon XII's home in T˘ky˘ was located in Sendagaya (district of Shibuya). The victims were the actor, the actor's 26-year old wife Toshiko, his 2-year old son Sabur˘, a 12-year old housemaid and a 69-year old housemaid.

Kataoka Nizaemon XII playing the role of Matsudaira Ch˘shichir˘ in the drama "Umagiri" in a print made by ďta Masamitsu in 1950 (?)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Yoshikawa Kanp˘ in 1924

Print made by ďta Masamitsu in 1950

The Kataoka Roen line of actors

The Kataoka Gad˘ line of actors

The Kataoka Nizaemon line of actors

 
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